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Prevention Better than Cure Tips and Campaign powered by Malaysia Medical Insurance Organisation (MMI)



Prevention Better than Cure
Pencegahan lebih baik daripada mengubati
Prevention and Wellness Program - Heart Attack Prevention Tips
Heart Attack
What is Heart Attack?
Heart attack results from blood vessel disease in the heart. Coronary heart disease (CHD), sometimes referred to as coronary after disease (CAD), are general names for heart attack (and angina). A heart attack, or myocardial infarction, occurs when the blood supply to part of the heart muscle itself (the myocardium) is severely reduced or stopped.
This occurs when one of the coronary arteries (the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle) is blocked by an obstruction, such as a blood clot that has formed on plaque due to atherosclerosis. Such an event is sometimes called a coronary thrombosis or coronary occlusion.
If the blood supply is cut off drastically or for a long time, muscle cells suffer irreversible injury and die.
Disability or death can result, depending on how much heart muscle is damaged. Sometimes a coronary artery temporarily contracts or goes into spasm. When this happens the artery narrows and blood flow to part of the heart muscle decreases or even stops. What causes a spasm is unclear, but it can occur in normal blood vessels as well as vessels partially blocked by atheroscleorosis.
If a spasm is severe, a heart attach may result.
What are the Symptoms of a Heart Attack?
Sometimes the first indications of a heart attack come as warning signals. The actual diagnosis of a heart attack must be made by a physician who has studied the results of several tests.
Besides reviewing a patient's complete medical history and giving a physical examination, a doctor will use an electrocardiogram (ECG) to discover any abnormalities caused by damage to the heart. Sometimes a blood test is used to detect abnormal levels of certain enzymes in the bloodstream.
How is a Heart Attack Treated? When a heart attack occurs, it's critical to recognize the signals and respond immediately. Delaying may increase the damage to the heart and reduce the chance of survival. Anyone experiencing the warning signals of a heart attack should be taken immediately to the nearest hospital with 24-hour emergency cardiac care.
People who become unconscious before reaching the emergency room may receive emergency cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Most communities have an emergency cardiac care system that can quickly respond.
This prompt care for heart attack victims dramatically reduces damage to the heart. In fact, 80 percent of heart attack survivors can return to work within three months.
Prompt care for heart attack victims isn't the only reason so many people recover so quickly, but it's an important one. The importance of time cannot be overemphasized. When a coronary artery gets blocked, the heart muscle doesn't die instantaneously - damage increases the longer an artery remains blocked.
If a victim gets to an emergency room fast enough a form of reperfusion therapy (called thrombolysis) sometimes can be performed. It involves injecting injecting a thrombolytic (clot-dissolving) agent, such as streptokinase, urokinase or TPA (tissue plasminogen activator), to dissolve a clot in a coronary artery and restore some blood flow.
There drugs must be used within a few (usually 1 -3) hours of a heart attack for best effect. The sooner a drug is used, the more effective it's likely to be. In the weeks following a heart attack, either PTCA (balloon angioplasty) or coronary artery bypass surgery may be performed to improve the blood supply to the heart muscle. Once part of the heart muscle dies, its function can't be restored. Function may be restored to areas with decreased blood flow, however.
Is There Any Way to Reduce the Chance of a Heart Attack?
Many scientific studies show that certain characteristics increase the risk of coronary heart disease. The four major modifiable risk factors are cigarette / tobacco smoke, high blood cholesterol, high blood pressure and physical inactivity.
Other contributing risk factors are diabetes mellitus and obesity. The Heart Foundation strongly urges people to control their modifiable risk factors. Also, people with angina should take episodes of chest pain seriously and see their doctor before their atherosclerosis leads to a heart attack. 
Among heart diseases, which is the No. 1 killer for both men and women in Malaysia, heart attack is the major cause of premature death among men between 45-65 years old, accounting for 40% of premature death in middle- aged men. 

Heart attack (or myocardial infarction) is the interruption of blood supply to a part of the heart, causing heart cells to die. This is most commonly due to blockage of an artery of the heart, following the rupture of an atherosclerotic plaque (an unstable collection of cholesterol, fatty acids and white blood cells in the wall of an artery). The resulting restriction in blood supply and oxygen shortage can cause damage or death (infarction) of the heart muscle tissues (myocardium).

Classical symptoms of heart attacks include:

  • Chest pain which is the most common symptom and is often described as a sensation of tightness, pressure, or squeezing. The onset of symptoms is usually gradual, over several minutes, or it may go away and come back;
  • Chest discomfort, with lightheartedness, fainting, sweating, nausea, or shortness of breath; or
  • Sudden chest pain (not so often), typically radiating to the left arm or left side of the neck).

Women may experience fewer typical symptoms than men, most commonly shortness of breath, weakness, a feeling of indigestion, and fatigue. Approximately 25% of all myocardial infractions are "silent", without chest pain or other symptoms. 35% of all acute heart attacks are fatal, with half of these deaths occurring suddenly and within one hour after onset of chest pains.

Heart attack is the major cause of premature death among men between 45-65 years old, accounting for 40% of such death. This is most tragic because of the many unfulfilled obligations and responsibilities of men in this age-group. Heart attack actually kills two times more women than all cancers combined (including breast cancer).

Insurance claims

For the purpose of making a claim under a life insurance policy, the Life Insurance Association of Malaysia (LIAM) defines "heart attack" as the death of a portion of the heart muscle (myocardium) resulting from inadequate blood supply, as evidenced by:

  • a history of typical prolonged chest pain;
  • new electroencephalographic changes resulting from this occurrence;
  • elevation of the cardiac enzyme (CPK-MB) above the generally-accepted normal level.

Diagnosis based on the elevation of Troponin test alone are not considered diagnostic of a heart attack for the purposes of a claim under a life insurance policy. Angina is specifically excluded.
The Heart Foundation of Malaysia Yayasan Jantung Malaysia (YJM) The groundwork for today's solid base began in 1982.
The Heart Foundation of Malaysia was established by a small group of dedicated and concerned lay people who were determined to make an impact on the control of heart and blood vessel disease. In the 1960's, deaths in Malaysia were due to communicable diseases such as tuberculosis, malaria, typhoid and cholera.
Our health system was then developing and our health facilities were inadequate to meet the needs and demands of the population. With the improved standard of living and better understanding, now, there is a control of these diseases.
However, more than 20 years later, heart disease death rates and stroke deaths have increased and has become the No. 1 killer. More people are being affected by heart and blood vessel diseases. We believe we can share in the effort to prevent and control the situation.
Educating the public by bringing awareness has resulted in encouraging response from the society.
Heart and blood vessel disease is our major killer, claiming almost twice as many lives as cancer and accounting for a high percentage of all certified deaths each year. In 1995, 28.2 % of all medically reported deaths in Malaysia were attributed to CVD (cardiovascular diseases).
By international standards, this figure does cause a concern for Malaysia. The Heart Foundation of Malaysia is a non-profit and non-governmental organization dedicated to the education of the public on heart and circulatory diseases.
We are funded almost entirely by public support from our well-meaning society. In addition, we receive some limited government co-operation for specific projects.
The Foundation's heart-health message is direct and effective - enjoy healthy eating, exercise, be smoke-free and check your blood pressure regularly.
Heart Fact 1 : The incredible human heart
The human heart beats 100 000 times a day. It pumps enough blood in a person’s lifetime to fill 3 supertankers. The coronary arteries are the "fuel lines to the engine” and need to remain open for your heart to keep pumping. When one or more of the major vessels is obstructed for some reason, blood cannot get to the region of the heart muscle downstream of the blockage leading to a heart attack.  
Heart Fact 2 : There is a 1 in 3 chance that your first heart attack will also be your LAST.
35% of all acute heart attacks are FATAL. Half of these deaths are SUDDEN and will occur within 1 hour after onset of chest pains. But contrary to popular belief, you will not have warning signs weeks before a heart attack occurs. 70% of heart attacks have NO Warning Symptoms. 
Heart Fact 3. Heart disease kills people 45-65 yrs old.  
It is the major cause (40%) of premature death in middle-aged men, which is most tragic because of the many unfulfilled obligations and responsibilities resulting from premature death. 
Heart Fact 4: Heart disease actually kills two times more women than all cancers combined. Breast cancer is not the No 1 killer of middle aged women More women die of heart disease than breast cancer and all the other cancers combined. 60% of women think that breast cancer is the greatest threat to their health but only 4% die from it. 
Heart Fact 5 Coronary artery disease is due to atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries, which is a slow progressive build-up of cholesterol plaque in the arteries of the heart. Most patients find out that they have heart disease when it is quite advanced. This is due to lack of understanding about how heart disease develops.
Heart Fact 6 Most "classic" warning signals of a heart attack
1.Uncomfortable pressure, fullness, squeezing or pain in the center of the chest that lasts more than a few minutes, or goes away and comes back.
2.Pain that spreads to the shoulders, neck or arms.
3.Chest discomfort with lightheadedness, fainting, sweating, nausea or shortness of breath.
Less common warning signs of heart attack:
1.Atypical chest pain, stomach or abdominal pain.
2.Nausea or dizziness (without chest pain).
3.Shortness of breath and difficulty breathing (without chest pain).
4.Unexplained anxiety, weakness or fatigue.
5.Palpitations, cold sweat or paleness.
6.Not all these signs occur in every attack. Sometimes they go away and return. If some occur, get help fast.
How do I know if a heart attack has occurred?
A physician who studies the results of several tests should be able to make the actual diagnosis of a heart attack. The doctor will
1.Review the patient's complete medical history.
2.Give a physical examination.
3.Use an electrocardiogram (E.K.G.) to discover any abnormalities caused by damage to the heart.
4.Sometimes use a blood test to detect abnormal levels of certain enzymes in the bloodstream.
Blood tests confirm (or refute) suspicions raised in the early stages of evaluation that may occur in an emergency room, intensive care unit or urgent care setting. These tests are sometimes called heart damage markers or cardiac enzymes.

The information contained in this website is not a substitute for medical advice or treatment or replaces consultation with your doctor.

Heart Basics

What is heart attack?

Heart attacks result from blood vessel disease in the heart. Coronary heart disease (CHD), sometimes referred to as coronary artery disease (CAD), are general names for heart attack (and angina).

A heart attack, or myocardial infarction, occurs when the blood supply to part of the heart muscle itself (the myocardium) is severely reduced or stopped. This occurs when one of the coronary arteries (the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle) is blocked by an obstruction, such as a blood clot that has formed on plaque due to atherosclerosis. Such an event is sometimes called a coronary thrombosis or coronary occlusion.


What is angina?

Chest pain called angina pectoris is another result of coronary artery disease. Angina is a symptom of a condition called myocardial schema, which occurs when the heart muscle (myocardium) doesn't get as much blood (hence as much oxygen) as it needs for a given level of work. Lack of blood supply is called ischemia.


What is silent ischemia?

Some people have ischemia, which means not enough blood flows to a part of the body's tissue. This occurs when spasm or disease narrows the arteries bringing blood to the heart. As many as three to four million Americans may have ischemia episodes without knowing it. These people have silent ischemia. They may have a heart attack with no prior warning.


What is the heart's collateral circulation?

Collateral circulation involves small arteries that connect two larger coronary arteries of different segments of the same artery. They provide an alternate route for blood flow to the heart muscle. Everyone has collateral vessels, at least in microscopic form. These vessels aren't open under normal conditions but grow and enlarge in some people with coronary heart disease. When a collateral vessel enlarges, it lets blood flow from an open artery to either adjacent artery or further downstream on the same artery. Myocardial ischemia stimulates the growth of collateral vessels, so they can form a kind of "detour"around a blockage and provide alternate routes of blood flow.

Research has shown that while everyone has collateral vessels, they don't open and become available in all people. People who have open collateral vessels can benefit, because collateral vessels help protect heart muscle from tissue death if the normal blood supply is cut off.


What are arrhythmias?

Normal cardiac rhythm results from electrical impulses that start in the sinoatrial (SA or sinus) node. They spread in a timely way through the atria to the atrioventricular (AV) node. From there each impulse travels over the many specialized fibers of the His-Purkinje system, distributing the electrical "ignition signal" to the ventricular muscle cells.

The transmission of impulses is delayed a fraction within the AV node. This allows time for the atrial contraction that helps fill the ventricles with blood.

The term arrhythmias refers to any change from this normal sequence of beginning and conducting impulses. Some arrhythmias are so brief (for example, a temporary pause or premature beat) that the overall heart rate isn't greatly affected. However, if arrhythmias last for some time, they may cause the heart rate to be too slow or too fast.

The term bradycardia is used to describe a rate of less than 60 beats per minute. Tachycardia usually refers to a heart rate of more than 100 beats per minute.


What is sudden cardiac death (SCD)?

It's the sudden, abrupt loss of heart function (i.e. cardiac arrest) in a person who may or may not have diagnosed heart disease, but in whom the time and mode of death occur unexpectedly. The unexpected nature of the event is the key point in the definition.


What is a stroke?

Stroke is a form of cardiovascular disease that affects the arteries of the central nervous system. A stroke (or "brain attack") occurs when a blood vessel bringing oxygen and nutrients to the brain bursts or is clogged by a blood clot or some other particle. Because of this rupture or blockage, part of the brain doesn't get the flow of blood it needs. Deprived of oxygen, nerve cells in the affected area of the brain can't function and die within minutes. And when nerve cells can't function, the part of the body controlled by these cells can't function either. The devastating effects of stroke are often permanent because dead brain cells aren't replaced.


What is rheumatic heart disease?

Rheumatic heart disease is a condition in which the heart valves are damaged by a disease process that begins with a strep throat (streptococcal infection). If it's not treated, the streptoccocal infection can develop into acute rheumatic fever. Rheumatic fever is an inflammatory disease that can affect many connective tissues of the body  especially those of the heart, the joints, the brain or the skin. When rheumatic fever permanently damages the heart, the damage is called rheumatic heart disease.

People of all ages can develop acute rheumatic fever, but it usually occurs in children 5 years to 15 years old. The resulting rheumatic heart disease can last for life.


What is congestive heart failure?

Congestive heart failure is a condition that occurs because the heart muscle is damaged or overworked. This damage can result from high blood pressure, a heart attack, atherosclerosis, a congenital heart defect, heart muscle disease (called cardiomyopathy), rheumatic fever or high blood pressure in the lungs resulting from lung disease. Because it's damaged, the heart lacks the strength to keep blood circulating normally throughout the body. The "failing" heart keeps working but doesn't work as efficiently as it should.


What is Kawasaki Disease?

Kawasaki disease (also known as Kawasaki syndrome or mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome) is a children's illness. It tends to strike most often under the age of 8. Boys are almost twice as likely to get it as girls; the disease also tends to appear more often among those of Asian ancestry.

Fever, rash, swollen hands and feet, redness of the whites of the eyes, swollen lymph glands in the neck, and irritation and inflammation of the mouth, lips and throat all characterize Kawasaki disease.


What is bacterial endocarditis?

Bacterial endocarditis is a serious infection of the heart valves or the tissues lining the heart. It rarely occurs but is a real threat to people with structural abnormalities of heart, artificial (prosthetic) heart valves or people with rheumatic or other acquired heart valve dysfunction. Also, people who've previously had bacterial endocarditis are at risk for getting it again, even when they don't have heart disease


Excerpts reproduced from American heart Association Fighting Heart Disease and Stroke  Heart and Stroke Facts. Meat issue: Signals, Actions, and Symptoms of Heart Attack.

Steps to Better Health

Eating less and /or exercising more? Easier said than done, right? Well you can start by making small changes to your eating and exercise habits. There must be dozens of ways to get into shape.

Here are 18 pointers to get you going:


    For about a week, record everything you eat, how much, when and where, what you were doing when you ate, whom you were with and your mood. Then analyze your record. If you seen any bad habits, start changing them.


    Make time to exercise for at least 3 times a week for a minimum of 15-30 minutes each time.


    A weight loss of ½ to 1 kg a week is safe. Anything more is not advisable. To lose about ½ kg a week, eat 250 calories less per day and burn off 250 calories of more in exercises.


    Join after-work exercise class or school sports. It's more fun to exercise with family or friends.


    Make it a part of your daily routine! Take the stairs instead of the lift whenever you can.


    You weight changes daily so weigh yourself only once a month and at the same time of the day.


    Don't just sit around! Take a walk, jog, swim, or cycle. For a change try dancing or doing Calisthenics in time to music.


    Cut down sweets, facts, and salt. Eat more fruits, vegetables and whole grains.


    Fat diets and diet pills are not recommended for weight loss. In fact quick weight loss is due to loss of water and muscle, not fat


    Watch out for those bags of ships. You could devour these a whole bag in front of the TV or whilst reading without knowing.


    Get rid of food from your office and bedroom. Store everything you eat in the kitchen only.


    Water is an essential liquid. You need about 8 glasses daily. Drinking a glass before you eat will help make you feel fuller and you may eat less.


    Prepare tasty, nutritious and low calorie snacks in place of salty, greasy, and sweet ones. Serve pure fruit juices or soda water.


    No single food is fattening but too much of anything can be. Burn off extra calories by exercising. Myth: Exercise won't increase your appetite.


    Don't give up all your favourite foods. Simply eat less than you usually do. Have two slices of kuih lapis instead of three and cut your cake into eight slices instead of six.


    Choose foods that have been broiled, baked or steamed instead of fried. A baked potato has 80 calories while a packet of French fries has over 200. Replace full cream milk with low fat milk as a drink or a creamer for your favourite beverages.


    Chew your food slowly and enjoy every bite. Take smaller servings.


    Choose a variety of wholesome foods and keep active.
Giving up a few bad habits can help you live longer with less risk of heart disease and stroke.
World Heart Federation cardiologist, Professor Antonio Bayés de Luna, recommends these antidotes to the most common risks. Eating foods are is high in saturated fats and cholesterol and consuming alcohol regularly If you eat fried foods and red meat regularly, then you're in trouble. Foods that are high in saturated fats and cholesterol raise the level of cholesterol in your blood, increasing your risk of heart disease and stroke.
The antidote: Reduce your total fat consumption, especially saturated fats by choosing foods that are less than 5g fat/100g of product and by avoiding foods that are high in cholesterol (e.g. shrimps, liver and eggs). Also reduce your salt consumption, eat five portions of fruit and vegetables every day and increase your consumption of fish. Smoking You smoke light cigarettes (low-tar) because you're convinced that they are less dangerous than normal cigarettes or you don't smoke but you are regularly in a smoke filled environment.
Don't think that you're out of trouble! Non-smokers who breathe second-hand smoke suffer many of the diseases of active smokers and have a higher risk of heart disease and stroke than non-smokers. It has been proved that smokers who switch to low-tar brands inhale more deeply and smoke more cigarettes than before, and therefore do not reduce their risk of developing heart disease.
The antidote: If you're a smoker, the first thing you have to do is decide whether you really want to quit. Choose your quit date and write it down. Set up your support systems by arranging to quit with a friend and distract yourself by changing your routine.
Get rid of all cigarettes, clear out the car, hide all ashtrays and lighters. Smoking is not a habit, it is an addiction to nicotine. Treatments from your doctor or pharmacist can help you to stop smoking.
Lack of exercise Lack of physical activity, and therefore a sedentary lifestyle is clearly shown to be a risk factor for heart disease and type II diabetes. The antidote: The heart is a muscle just like any other in our body.
Make physical activity a part of your life. Ideally this should include 30 minutes of walking, cycling, gardening, dancing or even housework each day. And if you're fit, you can exercise for longer and with less effort than a person who is not in good condition.
Stress and sleep disorders We all experience different degrees of stress in our daily life. But when you feel totally stressed at work or at home and can't fall asleep at night, week after week, it is believed that this may be a factor that puts you at greater risk of a heart attack.
Stress-induced hormones put an additional load on your heart and sleep disorders have negative effects on long-term health and can lead to high blood pressure, coronary heart disease and stroke. In many cases, sleep disorders result from stress.
The antidote: While learning to meditate can be difficult initially, here's the incentive- 20 minutes of deep meditation can be equal to three hours' sleep. If you can't meditate, then simply relax and breathe!
Exercise is also a great tension reliever. World Heart Federation President, Professor Mario Maranhão concludes: "Remember that heart disease is not inevitable, it is largely preventable. Preventive measures are, for the most part straightforward and will reduce the incidence of death and disability due to heart disease. We want people around the globe to hear that message on World Heart Day, on 30th September 2001 and take action."
For further information visit:
Heart Disease - Not somebody else's business
Risks for heart & blood vessel disease Around 60% of all men and about 45% of all women are overweight or obese. According to the Heart Foundation 1/3 to 1/2 of Australians between 20 and 69 years have higher than recommended blood cholesterol levels. And it is shown in the number of early deaths.
In 1996 just over 10,000 people under the age of 70 died of heart and blood vessel disease. A key to a healthy heart and circulation is a balanced eating plan and lifestyle. If you have a balanced eating plan it can help you control three of the modifiable risk factors for heart and blood vessel disease  blood cholesterol levels, obesity and blood pressure.
Physical activity and not smoking are also very important to help reduce your risk. A balanced eating plan is one high in carbohydrate from grains, fruits and vegetables and low in saturated fat. Variety and fiber rich foods are also important. The Heart Foundation recommends all adults need to eat 30 grams of fibre each day.
In its booklet "Healthy Eating for the Heart" the Foundation says when decreasing saturated fat intake you should look to replace saturated fat with carbohydrates and fibre rich foods: whole grain breakfast cereals, oats, porridge, whole grain bread, wholemeal pasta, brown rice, barley, fruits and vegetables as well as legurnes like kidney, beans, baked beans and lentils.
Its worth knowing that the average Australian male eats 26g of fibre per day and the average Australian female eats 20g per day. So we are not far off.
We just need a little more fibre each day. Why?
Couple of pieces of research. In 1996 the Journal of the American Medical Association published a study from Harvard School of Public Health which has examined more than 40,000 male health professional over a period of six years. They found that men who ate plenty of fibre had almost half as many heart attacks as men who ate little fibre.
The study concluded that "fibre ... is an important dietary component for the prevention of coronary heart disease." Fibre is an important dietary component Most foods in fibre contain both soluble and insoluble fibre, which provide different benefits. Soluble fibre is proven component in helping to lower blood cholesterol. Sources of soluble fibre include grains like oats and barley, legumes, fruits and vegetables. Only last year, the Journal of Nutrition published an analysis of the 12 most important studies on psyllium (a grain high in soluble fibre).
The article concluded that people with blood cholesterol problems who ate a psyllium  rich cereal meal each day managed to lower their levels of blood cholesterol by 5% and their levels of LDL (the bad cholesterol) by 9%. Lowering blood cholesterol is vital to our nation.
According to the Heart Foundation, 20% of people aged 20  24 have blood cholesterol levels above the recommended maximum of 5.5 mmol/l. This portion rises as we age to 30% in people aged 25  29 to more than 60% of us aged over 60.
All these heart health benefits are also helped along by the traditional fibre that we used to call roughage. Insoluble fibre is found in grains like wheat bran, fruits and vegetable like corn. These foods tend to be more filling, delaying hunger and displacing fat from the diet. With obesity playing a major role in heart and blood vessel disease eating foods rich in insoluble fibre is an easy step to help you stay in shape not to mention better regularity.
Why eat more fibre?
Eating more fibre rich foods each day will help us all manage our weight, reduce or maintain our blood cholesterol levels and, as the research shows, reduce our risk of heart and blood vessel disease. But remember regular physical activity and not smoking are important to help reduce your risk as well.
Source: Kellog's Facts for Life & Heart Foundation of Australia.

Arrhythmias and Sudden Cardiac Death

What are arrhythmias

Normal cardiac rhythm result from electrical impulses that start in the sinoatrial (SA or sinus) node. They spread in a timely way through the atria to the atrioventricular (AV) node. From there wach impulse travels over the many speacialized fibers of the His-Purkinje system, distributing the electrical "ignition signal" to the ventricular muscle cells.

The transmission of impulses is delayed a fraction within the AV node. This allows time for the atrial contraction that helps fill the ventricles with blood.

The term arrhythmia refers to any change from this normal sequence of beginning and conducting impulses. Some arryhthmias are so brief (for example, a temporary pause or premature beat) that the overall heart rate isnt greatly afeccted. However, if arrhythmias last some time, they may cause the heart rate to be too slow or too fast.

The term bradycardia is used to decribe a rate of less than 60 beats per minute. Tachycardia usually refers to a heart rate or more than 100 beats per minute.

How does arrhythmias occur?

Cells in the hearts conduction system, from the sinus node down to the outer branches of the His-Purkinje system, can fire automatically and begin electrical activity. Normally, the sinus node contains the hearts most rapidly firing cells. (This allows that area to be a natural pacemaker.) Subsidiary pacemaker elsewhere in the heart provide a " back-up" rhythm when the sinus node doesnt work properly or when the transmission of impulses is blocked somewhere in the conduction system.

Under certain conditions the automatic firing rate of secondary pacemaker tissue may become too fast. It such an abnormal "focus" fires faster than the sinus node, it may take over control of the heart rhythm and produce tachycardia.

Arrythmias also may develop because of abnormalities in how impulses are conducted. Delays in the spreading of impulses can occur anywhere in the conduction system. When the transmission of impulses is intermittently or completely blocked ( heart block), bradycardia may result. In such cases, subsidiary pacemaker cells (located beyond the conduction block) may maintain cardiac rhythm.

In another type of abnormal conduction, impulses get caught in a merry-go-round  like sequence. This process, called reentry is a common cause of tachycardias. Regardless of what cause them, tachycardias may be subclasssified according to where they arise. Thus, ventricular tachycardias originate in the hearts lower chambers. Supraventricular tachycardias arise higher in the heart  either in the upper chambers (atria) or the middle region (AV node or the very beginning portion of the His-Purkinje system).

What are the symptoms arrhythmias ?

Arrhythmias can produce a broad range of symptoms, from barely perceptible to cardiovascular collapse and death. When theyre very brief, arrhythmias are most likely to be almost without symptoms. For example, a single premature beat may be perceived as a "palpitation" or "skipped beat". Premature beats that are frequent or occur in rapid succession during a nonsustained or sustained tachycardia may cause a greater awareness of heart palpitations or a fluttering sensation in the chest or neck.

When arrhythmias last long enough to affect how well the heart works, more serious symptoms may develop. At slower rates, the heart may not be able to pump enough blood to the body. This can cause fatique, lightheaded-ness, loss of consciousness or even death. Death occurs if the heart rate is zero or slow that the heart and brain stop working.

Tachycardias can reduce the hearts ability to pump by interfering with the ventricular chambers ability to properly fill with blood. They do this by reducing the time for such filing or by interfering with the booster effect normally provided by timely contraction of the atria (or both).

Loss of this atrial "kick" during tachycardia may be caused by a change from the usual sequence of atrial and ventricular activity. It also can be caused by rapid chaotic electrical activity in the upper chambers (for example, atrial fibrillation). The reduced pumping efficiency that can develop during tachycardia may be worse by underlying heart muscle abnormalities or atherosclerotic blocks in the coronary arteries. Its not surprising, then, that tachycardias can produce shortness of breath, chest pain, lightheadedness or loss of consciousness.

When the hearts ability to work is greatly reduced for a prolonged time, cardiac arrest and death are likely. This may result from ventricular fibrillation (an extremely rapid, chaotic rhythm during which the heart quivers). If the heart can continue to pump normally, though, some ventricular tachycardia (even those that last for minutes or hours) may be well tolerated without a loss of consciousness or cardiac arrest. Tachycardia may be nonsustained (lasting only seconds) or sustained (lasting for minutes or hours ).

Tachycardias sometimes can cause serious injury to other organ systems. For example, the brain, kidneys, lung or liver may be damaged during prolonged cardiac arrest. Also, blood clots can form in the upper heart chambers as a result of atrial fibrillation. They may break free and cause a stroke or damage other organs.

Who is prone to arrhythmias ?

Although theres great variation in the their severity, arrhythmias occur through the population. On an everyday level, the heart rate speeds up (sinus tachycardia ) during physical activity, stress or excitement, and slows down (sinus bradycardia) during sleep. Even beyond these daily changes, probably everyone at one time or another develops premature atrial or ventricular beats. In fact, during a 24 hour period about one fifth of health adults are likely to have frequent or multiple types of ventricular premature beats. (This even includes short episodes of ventricular tachycardia in a small percentage of monitored people).

The prevalence of atrial and ventricular arrhythmias tends to increase with age, even when theres no overt sign of heart disease. Certain congenital conditions may make a person prone to arrhythmias. For example, an incompletely developed conduction system can cause chronic heart block and braddycardia. On the other hand, people born with extra conduction pathways, either near the AV node or bridging the atria and ventricles, are prone to reentrant supraventricular tachycardias.

Still, acquired heart disease is the most important factor predisposing a person to arrhythmias. The main causes are atherosclerosis, hypertension and inflammatory or degenerative conditions. The scarring or abnormal tissue deposits found with these disease can cause bradycardias : they do this by interfering with the work of the sinus node or overall AV conduction. Likewise, they can cause tachycardias (originating in either the atria or ventricles ) by causing cells to fire abnormally or by creating islands of electrically inert tissue. (Impulses circulate in a reentrant fashion around these areas.

A variety of other factors may predispose a person to develop arrhythmias. Prominent among them is the part of the autonomic nervous system thats involved in cardiovascular regulation. One element of this control system slows the sinus rate and depresses AV nodal conduction. (These effects may prevail during sleep or in athletically well trained people )

The opposing element of the autonomic nervous system tends to speed up the firing rate of the sinus node and other pacemaker tissue in the heart. Further it may also make it easier for reentrant tachycardias to occur.

Many chemical agents may provoke arrhythmias, sometimes with serious consequences. Known factors include high or low blood and tissue concentrations of a variety of minerals, such as potassium, magnesium and calcium.

These play a vital role in starting and conducting normal impulses in the heart. Addictive substances especially alcohol, cigarettes and recreational drugs can provoke arrhythmias as can various cardiac medications.

Even drugs used to treat an arrhythmia may provoke another arrhythmia.

Inherited Cholesterol Disorder

What is Familial Hypercholesterolemia (Inherited Cholesterol Disorder)?

Familiar Hypercholesterolemia or FH in short is a genetic disorder that is passed from one generation to another. It is a condition where the boy is unable to remove the bad cholesterol (low density lipoprotein or LDL) from the blood.

The problem stems from an abnormal gene that maybe present in one or both parents. When a child inherits an abnormal gene from one parent the condition is called Heterozygous FH. It usually affects 1 in 400 people and if left untreated, can cause coronary artery disease at the age of 40 to 45.

When 2 heterozygotes marry and when one of their children inherit the FH gene from each of them, the child will then have an extreme form of the disorder, known as homozygous FH. This is an extremely rare case and occurs in about 1 in 1 million people. In such cases cholesterol levels maybe as much as 4 times their normal value and if left untreated people with this condition often develop atherosclerosis by their early teens and die from heart attack or sudden death before the age of 20.

How can FH be Detected?

Detecting FH in its early stages is extremely beneficial as it can prevent the atherosclerotic process, which begins in childhood.

In children, FH can be detected while the children is still in the mother's womb by testing the child's blood from umbilical cord. The other option is to test a child's cholesterol level by the age of 2 especially in families with a history of high cholesterol and heart attacks.

In adults, clues to the presence of FH include white rings around the iris, lumps in the tendon on the backs of the hands and ancles and also lump on the knees.

Screening of first-degree relatives (brothers, sisters, uncles, aunts and cousins) of FH patients is an extremely effective method in identifying FH at an early stage. When one FH patient is identified many other silence FH sufferers can be detected and this will help diffuse the silently ticking time bombs in families where premature heart attacts are the norm.

DNA testing is the latest diagnostic test that is said to be the most sensitive in identifying FH patients. It can help increase the identification of FH sufferers by another 16.6%.

What are the Risks Associated with FH?

The main risk is death or disability from atherosclerosis, especially of the coronary arteries. This risk is greater than for other types of hyperlipidemia because hypercholesterolemia is more severe and is present throughout life. Apart from this increased risk of coronary disease, individuals with FH are normally in all other aspects.

How is FH Treated?

  1. In Children

    Statins are usually the preferred drugs as they have been very extensively studied and have been proven to be very safe for children according to studies conducted in Belgium. Statins are not only effective in reducing cholesterol levels but are also found to be very safe in children as young as 6 years old

    Drug treatment has to go hand-in-hand with lifestyle modifications like diet and ecercise. It is not possible to be too strict with a child's diet, as they need a wide variety of nutrients. A healthy combination of foods from the various food groups is important to them for their continued growth and development. It is important to avoid fast foods, snacks like chips and chocolate bars and to avoid soft drinks with lots of sugar. Consult a dietician for advice on healthy food choices for your child.
  2. In Adult

    Drug therapy is always prescribed for FH patients, as the blood cholesterol values in these patients are very high. Again statins are the drugs of choice in the treatment of FH as they are highly effective and well tolerated with minimal side effects. Usually a combination of statin-resin drug therapy is used to treat FH patients in order to reach target blood cholesterol values. Sometimes nicotinic acid and fibrates are also prescribed as an addition in resistant cases

    In homozygotes, additional measures maybe required like Plasmapheresis. This consists of removing the blood and returning it after LDL is filtered out. This will help lower the blood cholesterol level. The only drawback to this method of therapy is that it is rather expensive and time cosuming.

    Ileal bypass is a surgical intervention that lowers blood cholesterol and bile acid uptake from the gut. Although the effectiveness of this procedure in lowering the risk of heart attacks is well proven, complications of this procedure such as diarrhea are difficult to live with.

    Liver transplant is another option.

    It is absolutely essential that diet modification and exercise to reduce weight go hand-in-hand with drug treatement. Cut down on animal foods and fatty or oily foods. Eat more wholegrain foods, cereals, legumes, fruits and vegetables. And exercise at least 3 to 4 times a week for a minimum of 30 minutes.

Drug Therapy

There are 4 types of drugs used to treat high cholesterol. They include

Statins (HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors)
Bile acid sequestrants (bile acid resins)
Niacin (nicotinic acid)
Fibric acid derivates
Among them statins are the most commonly prescribed drugs for lowering cholesterol. This is because they have been very extensively studied and have been proven to be very effective in patients with minimal side effects.

  1. Statins

    Statins work quickly by lowering cholesterol within one to two weeks. Cholesterol levels keep dropping until about four to six weeks of treatment. After this point, the levels usually hold steady as long as you stay on the medication. You may need to take statins for a long time to keep your cholesterol levels in check.

    Statins work by interfering directly with the manufacture of cholesterol in the body, specifically by blocking an enzyme called HMG-CoA reductase, which the body needs to make cholesterol. With less cholesterol in the body the liver is encouraged to remove more LDL from the bloodstream. As cholesterol in the bloodstream goes down, so too does the risk of clogged blood vessels and heart disease.
  2. Bile Acid Sequesrants / Resins

    Your liver secretes bile acids, which aid digestion by breaking down dietary fats in the intestines. These drugs binds to the bile acids, causing them to be passed with the stool. With fewer bile acids in circulation, the liver is prompted to convert more cholesterol into bile acids(80% of the cholesterol made by the liver is used to make bile) encouraging the removal of LDL from the blood.
  3. Niacin

    Niacin can lower LDL levels in as little as five to seven days. How much cholesterol is reduced depends on the dosage. When combined with bile acid sequestrants, the result can be even lower LDL levels - a reduction of as much as 40% to 60%.
  4. Fibrates

    Lowering triglycerides fats and may also help in raising HDL levels.

What is Cholesterol?

Cholesterol is a soft waxy substance found in all your body's cell. Despite all the nasty things that you've heard about cholesterol, you need a certain amount of it to live:- Cholesterol is essential to your body's cell membranes, to the insulation of your nerves, and for the production of certain hormones. It is also used by your liver to make bile acids, which helps in the digestion of food.

Interestingly, the majority of cholesterol in your blood is manufactured by your own body - mainly by your liver - and only 20% comes from the food you consume, especially animal based foods like milk products and meat as well as some cooking oil.

Good and Bad Cholesterol

As cholesterol can't be transported in blood special carries called lipoproteins transport it to and from cells. There are 2 kinds of lipoproteins that you need to be concern about.

  1. LDL (low-density lipoprotein)

    When too much LDL circulates in the blood, it can slowly build up in the walls of the arteries and can form plaque (thick hard deposits) that can clog up arteries. If a clot forms where the plaque is, oxygen-rich blood flow can be blocked to the heart muscles leading to a heart attack. If the clot blocks the blood flow to part of the brain a strok can manifest. This is why a high level of LDL is reffered to as the bad cholesterol. Lowering LDL levels will help reduce the plaque buildup in your arteries leading to healthier arteries.
  2. HDL (high-density lipoprotein)

    HDL cholesterol is called the good cholesterol because it contains a relatively small amount of cholesterol itself and carries away harmful fatty deposits from cells and tissues to the liver for excretion from the body. This helps prevent the buildup of cholesterol in the walls of your arteries.

Your Cholesterol Reading

Cholesterol readings generally include total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels. It is important to take note of all 3 readings and not just total cholesterol.

Total Cholesterol [mmol/L (mg/dl)]
Desirable: <5.2 (<200)
Borderline High: 5.2 - 6.2 (200 - 239)
High: >=6.2 (>=240)

LDL Cholesterol [mmol/L (mg/dl)]
Desirable: <3.3 (<130)
Borderline High: 3.3 - 4.1 (130 - 159)
High: >=4.1 (>=160)

HDL Cholesterol [mmol/L (mg/dl)]
Acceptable: >=0.9 (>=35)
Risky: <0.9 (<35)

Triglyceride [mmol/L (mg/dl)]
Desirable: <2.3 (<200)


Useful Information and Links

Yayasan Jantung Malaysia
(The Heart Foundation of Malaysia)

No 6 Jalan Lai Tet Loke 2
Off Lorong Gurney
54100 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA

Tel: 03-2693 4709 | Fax: 03-2693 3267
Email :
Website :

Below are some heart-related organisations and their websites:


Newly Diagnosed
Hoping for miracle

When you receive news of a cancer diagnosis, you may feel a wide range of emotions. Managing these emotions helps you to go through treatment and adjusting to the possible changes that cancer will bring to your life. Understanding emotions also helps others, especially a caregiver to have a better picture on learning how to help the person with cancer. Often, the patient and their loved ones experience similar feelings. Common feelings for people diagnosed with cancer include:

  • Fear of cancer changing their life and lives of family members. There is also the fear of treatment or death.
  • Sadness and depression from not being able to do certain things they used to do. It could be a mild case of the blues or depression, which is treatable.
  • Anxiety of finances, work, and effects of treatment or how the family will adapt.
  • Anger towards having cancer as it has interrupted your life’s plans. You may even be angry with family, friends, doctors, nurses or your God (if you believe in one).
  • Loneliness of not being able to join others for activities. You may feel lonely if friends or family have a hard time dealing with cancer and will not visit you.
  • Loneliness if you are unable to share feelings with people who matter
  • Loss of control. Learning about cancer and its treatment helps you look after yourself and give you back some feeling of control.
  • Hope as chances of surviving cancer are brighter in present time.
  • Guilt for needing people to care for them.
  • Fear of cancer recurring.

There will be changes in the life of a cancer patient; physically, psychologically, socially and even spiritually. When diagnosed with cancer, most patients tend to ask, "why me?” and begin to have thoughts of being punished by God, being weak in their faith or similar thoughts. People have shared that their faith and religious beliefs are renewed but for some, their faith may be shaken. However, those with strong belief systems often cope better in dealing with cancer.

In Malaysia, spirituality is often thought of as being the same as religion. Religion often has its own belief systems, rituals and teachings that serve as a guide to life. Spirituality revolves around the value of life, purpose and meaning, the past, present and future. You may think about your self worth, either being content with all you have achieved or have regrets or think of missed opportunities. You may feel that cancer has made you a burden for others or feel that family and loved ones have a duty to care for you.

Seeking contentment in the present is an important aspect of spirituality. You may choose to engage in activities, think peaceful thoughts or meditate in order to find solace. At the same time, many patients think of death although they have a high chance of recovery. To live well in the face of cancer, the determination of seeking life and beating death can encourage you to fight on. Cancer patients do think about the legacy they want to leave behind, even the manner of passing.

Spirituality is not often discussed as people are usually unsure of what to say but openness in a relationship helps to make dialogue easier. Here are some questions that can start you in seeking spirituality:

  • What are the most important aspects of my life?
  • What do I cherish most?
  • What do I enjoy doing?
  • Does religion mean anything to me?
  • How does faith help me?
  • What are my aims in life?
  • What do I want to achieve in the time I have left?
  • How do I want to be remembered?

For many in Malaysia, cancer is often detected at an advanced stage for various reasons and for them, decision and choices could be a confusing experience. They often seek all kinds of ways of treatment, hoping for a miracle recovery.

Words of a doctor, oncologist, surgeon or physician may be very difficult to accept. In addition to the news, rounds of tests and treatment that may cause significant side effects, and do not promise a certain cure makes the situation more difficult. Second and several more opinions may be sought, with a hope that someone will give the promise of a cure. Many times, a patient may not reflect on the situation and their options because anxiety will take over their thoughts and feelings.

Many people feel a loss of control and will need optimism and hope. The search for a miracle then occurs. They will begin listening to friends and loved ones who know someone who was cured with treatment X or seeing a miracle healer. There will be stories in the media and people who claim that they are able to cure all cancer and other diseases as well. Many Malaysian cancer patients change their diet, medication, undergo treatment involving impressive machines or making trips to foreign lands to look for a cure. Some will believe that faith and religiosity enhances the making of a ‘miracle’. The evidence however suggests that spirituality enhances the ability to cope rather than influence the outcome of cancer.

Many patients feel that alternative treatments will provide a miracle as they may feel less confident with response from conventional doctors and after all, there seems to be nothing to lose. Yet, these cures do have a stake. It may be money, time, effort and side effects of the purported treatment. It gives hope yet it may also crush them and in doing so lost opportunities and regrets follow. Quality of life and living life to the fullest may be sacrificed. Loved ones will stand by the patient to console them but many times, patients may just pretend to feel better in front of others.

There is probably no denying a need to believe in a miracle, but it often needs to be thought of as hopes and wishes. Hence, be practical in making decisions.

Before you undergo any form of alternative treatment, ask yourself these questions:

  • What alternative treatments are available and how does it help in improving my condition?
  • How would l know if the treatment works?
  • What are the costs of the treatment- in terms of finances? What would I have to give up?
  • Where do I go and whom do I ask for more information?
  • Who should I listen to and can I trust the person (s)?

Listen and clarify all options available. Do ask lots of questions both to yourself and also reflect on the importance of such questions. Whilst it may be helpful to keep believing that cure is possible, it is more hopeful and achievable to attain a good quality of life free of pain and other symptoms, and live a life of continued meaning, with or without cancer.

NCSM 1st Volunteer Education Course & Befrienders Workshop on 8 June 2013


How Aerobic Exercise Can Speed Up Your Fatloss!
There are many key factors you have to ensure you follow on a regular basis to lose weight. You have to follow a really good diet, get enough rest, and perform some type of weight training to increase your muscle so you also get stronger. But there is also one more thing you can do to speed up your fatloss, and that's..... Doing Aerobic Exercise!! AEROBIC EXERCISE!! Aerobic exercise is exercise such as running, cycling, swimming, etc. Weightlifting or weight training is considered to be an-aerobic exercise.
If you're trying to lose weight, you should be doing aerobic exercise 3-4 times per week for 30 minutes per session. The first thing you must do though, when starting to do aerobic exercise is to figure out your maximum heart rate.
Here's how to do it: The calculation for determining your maximum heart rate is 220 minus your age. So if you're 30 years old, the calculation is as follows: 220 - 30 = 190 maximum heart rate As you get older, your maximum heart rate gets lower. Remember, this calculation is not set in stone.
It is a rough average. When I was 20, I got my heart rate up to 205-206 beats per minute while I was climbing a 15% hill for a kilometer on my racing bicycle. My maximum heart rate should have been 200, so you can see this calculation is just an estimate. So using the 30 year old in our example who's maximum heart rate is 190 beats per minute, we need to make sure that person is doing aerobic exercise at 65-70% of his maximum for best results. We calculate this as follows: 190 x 0.65 = 123.5 beats per minute at 65% So after an initial warm-up of 5 minutes on the stationary bike (or other exercise you choose), make sure your heart rate is above 123.5 beats per minute for the other 20 minutes, before you warm down.
You can check your heart rate by a couple of methods.You place your index finger while you're doing your aerobics on the artery on your neck. While you do this, count the beats over a 15 second span (look at you watch).
Multiply the number of beats over 15 seconds by 4 to get a beat per minute figure. Using our example again, we check our pulse and notice 30 beats over 15 seconds.
We multiply this by 4 and we arrive at 120 beats per minute. We see that this is lower than 123.5 beats so we start pedaling a little bit faster and check the heart rate again in a few minutes. Pretty soon, you'll figure out how fast and hard you have to pedal to stay between 65-70% of your maximum. Warm up for 5 minutes, stay in you 65-70% target zone for 20 minutes, then cool down for the last 5 minutes and you're done.
Now, I would suggest you perform the aerobic exercise first thing in the morning as soon as you get up before you eat. Your body has been fasting while you sleep and it may have been 8-12 hours since you last ate. This is the best time to do aerobic exercise, because you will burn more fat and get better results. But, if you can't do the aerobic exercise at night, no problem. The main thing and most important thing is THAT YOU DO IT. Even if it's late at night.
Once you get down to the body fat level you want, cut that back to 2-3 times per week 20-30 minutes each, mainly for cardiovascular exercise for your heart, not so much for the calorie burning benefits. Good luck with all you fatloss & fitness goals.!
By Tony Tass
Upcoming Events
Best Breast Cancer Screening & Awareness

Best Breast Cancer Screening and Awareness Competition

The Best Breast Cancer Screening and Awareness Competition is an initiative of Philips Group of Companies Malaysia and National Cancer Society Malaysia (NCSM) to encourage and reward innovative awareness programs for breast cancer screening in Malaysia.

Any project/campaign/program/initiative that has been submitted to the Best Breast Cancer Screening and Awareness Competition will be screened and winning submission will be awarded a total sum of RM40,000 to carry out and implement the proposed Breast Cancer Screening and Awareness Programme.

  1. All entries must be submitted with the following format:
  1. Submissions must be based on either awareness and/or breast screening programs.
  2. All submissions must include expected outcome/result of the program in relation to target audience and benefits to the community/ties
  3. Email or Hard Copy
  4. The program proposal should be no more than 20 pages.
  5. The program proposal should include references.
  6. Font: Times New Roman 12
  7. Single spacing
  8. All hard-copy prints should be double-sided, so as to be environmentally friendly.
  9. Titles to be in bold
  1. All submissions must be made directly to Fleishman Hillard Malaysia at the following address or email:
    1. Soft copy:
    2. Hard copy: Fleishman Hillard Malaysia, 15th Floor, Block B, HP Towers, 12 Jalan Gelenggang, Bukit Damansara, 50490 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  1. Submission deadline:
    1. April 30th, 2013
  1. Eligibility:
    1. Local NGOs
    2. Community-based groups and/or individuals
    3. Government hospitals and institutions.
  1. The winner will be notified three (3) weeks after submission deadline and will be notified by email and/ or phone. The organiser will use its best effort to announce the winners at the designated time, but will not be held liable for any unforeseen delays.
  1. Implementation of programme within six (6) months from the date of announcing the winner
  1. Panel of Judges:
  • The judging panel consists of a Philips representative, NSCM representative, and an independent representative
  • Judges must adhere to confidentiality of entries and guarantee credibility and objectivity
  1. Judging Process:
  • The three (3) judges will come up with an individual score, which will be averaged against the entire panel. The organization with the highest average score will be awarded as the winner

June is Men’s Health
Prevention Tips - Malaysia Cancer Information

Prevention Tips - Lung Cancer Information  
About Cancer

Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body. When these genes grow or multiply abnormally and grow into a lump (tumour), it becomes cancer. Cancer grows out of normal cells in the body. Normal cells multiply when the body needs them, and die when the body doesn’t need them. Cancer appears to occur when the growth of cells in the body is out of control and cells divide too quickly. It can also occur when cells forget how to die.

Types of children’s cancer


Leukemia is a cancer of blood-forming cells in the bone marrow. The immature cells accumulate in the blood and within organs of the body so they are not able to carry out the normal functions of blood cells. Therefore these sick cells replace the healthy cells and stop your body from working normally. It is the most common form of cancer in children. Lymphoma is a type of cancer that begins in the immune system cells called lymphocytes. There are two types of lymphoma: Hodgkin lymphoma (HL, also called Hodgkin’s disease) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). These malignant cells often originate in lymph nodes, presenting as an enlargement of the node (a tumor). It can also affect other organs in which case it is referred to as extranodal lymphoma.
A brain tumor is a group (mass) of abnormal or uncontrolled growth of cells that start in the brain. Tumors in the brain are categorized according to several factors, including where they’re located, the type of cells involved, and how quickly they’re growing. Brain tumors can directly destroy brain cells. It is the most common solid tumors in children. For the example Brainstem gliomas occur almost only in children. Osteosarcoma is the most common type of bone cancer in children. Osteosarcoma occurs most commonly in the bones around the knee. The arm bone near the shoulder is the second most common place for this cancer to start, but it can start in other bones as well. Most osteosarcomas arise from random and unpredictable errors in the DNA of growing bone cells during times of intense bone growth.


Chemotherapy utilizes chemicals that interfere with the cell division process – damaging proteins or DNA – so that cancer cells will commit suicide. These treatments target any rapidly dividing cells (not necessarily just cancer cells), but normal cells usually can recover from any chemical-induced damage while cancer cells cannot. Chemotherapy is generally used to treat cancer that has spread or metastasized because the medicines travel throughout the entire body. It is a necessary treatment for some forms of leukemia and lymphoma. Chemotherapy treatment occurs in cycles so the body has time to heal between doses. However, there are still common side effects such as hair loss, nausea, fatigue, and vomiting. Kids with cancer can be given the chemotherapy medications intravenously (through a vein) or orally (by mouth). Some forms of chemotherapy can be given intrathecally, or into the spinal fluid. The drugs enter the bloodstream and work to kill cancer in all parts of the body.


Radiotherapy is the use of precisely targeted x-rays to destroys cells in the area being treated (the target tissue) by damaging their genetic material or reduce the size of a tumor and making it impossible for these cells to continue to grow. Radiotherapy can cure cancer in many sites of the body. It can also be used to treat leukemia and lymphoma. The length of treatment varies depending on individual factors such as the location, type and stage of cancer. Side effect may include hair loss, skin changes, nausea and other.

Bone Marrow Transplantation

Bone marrow is the soft, fatty tissue inside your bones. Stem cells are immature cells in the bone marrow that give rise to all of your blood cells. A bone marrow transplant is a procedure to replace stem cells destroyed by treatment such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy. The healthy, transplanted stem cells can restore the bone marrow’s ability to produce the blood cells the patient needs. It most commonly treats to leukemia and lymphoma.

Cancer Signs & Symptoms

The most common childhood cancer is Leukemia. Other cancers that affect children include Brain Tumors, Lymphoma,and Bone Cancer (Osteosarcoma).


  • Getting bruises easily when you fall down
  • Trouble walking properly
  • Moody
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Difficulty in seeing
  • loss of appetite
  • Weight loss


  • Vomiting with headaches for more than 7 days
  • Bone or muscle pain
  • Coughing continuously
  • Easily bleeding, bruising, or a red pinpoint rash
  • Rapid visual changes
  • Enlarge liver or spleen
Cancer Treatment Centre (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)

The NCSM Cancer Treatment Centre provides radiation treatment to cancer patients.

Set up in 1989, the centre provides radiotherapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy and high dose brachytherapy to treat cancer patients. The Centre is equipped with:

  1. Two (2) linac machines for external radiation treatment.
  2. One (1) brachytherapy HDR unit for internal radiation treatment.
  3. One (1) digital simulator to produce clearer images than a conventional simulator. This will provide better accuracy and less radiation dosage to patients.
  4. One (1) computer planning system.

How We Help Our Patients

  • By providing chemotherapy and radiotherapy / brachytherapy treatment under one roof, our patients are able to undergo treatment comfortably and do not have to travel around.
  • Our rates are minimal and highly subsidised – this means more people are able to receive treatment, increasing the chances of cancer survival.
  • We have little or no waiting list policy, which means patients can begin treatment usually on the same day after consulting our oncologists and completing the necessary investigations. Those who need a more complicated treatment method will start their treatment on the next day.
  • We have 2 linear accelerators which means the possibility of machine breakdowns that causes treatment delays or cancellations are reduced.
  • Our warm and friendly staff will make you feel at ease. Language is not a barrier as our staff are multilingual. Patients who are referred to this centre come from all over the world such as Taiwan, Indonesia, Thailand, Middle East and Australia.

Our Services

  1. Radiotherapy
  2. High Dose Brachytherapy
  3. Chemotherapy
  4. Hormone therapy


  1. Radiotherapy charges according to site*:
    • Head and neck cancers – RM 3,600 to RM 4,200
    • Breast tumours – RM 3,700 to RM 4,500
    • Pelvic region tumours – RM 3,800 to RM 4,800
    • Palliative treatments – RM 1,400 to RM 1,800
  2. Brachytherapy charges according to number of fractions*:
    • Head and neck cancer – RM 3,000 – RM 4,000
    • Pelvic region tumours – RM 3,000 – RM 4,000
  3. For External Beam Radiation Therapy (Radical treatment) :
  • RM 3,200-RM 4,800 (depends on doctor’s prescription)

4. For External Beam Radiation Therapy (Palliative treatment) :

  • RM 1,600-2,500. (depends on doctor’s prescription)

5. For Brachytherapy : RM3,600-6,000 (depends on doctor’s prescription)

  • For Chemotherapy Day Care Unit : RM 50-100/usage (depends on the frequency of administration)

Note : The above charges does not include : Consultant’s fees , ward charges , medications.

Do contact if need more details on this.

* Rates quoted are not inclusive of doctor’s fee, chemotherapy, hormone therapy & medication.

How To Make an Appointment

You may Walk-in to the centre or Call us to make an appointment

Please bring your:

  • IC or Passport
  • Referral letter (if any)
  • Diagnostic history and results (x-ray, CT scans, MRI scans, etc.), if any

Location and Operation Hours
The Centre is open from Monday to Friday, 8.00am till 4.00pm.

NCSM Cancer Treatment Centre
Tung Shin Hospital
Basement, 102 Jalan Pudu
55100 Kuala Lumpur

Tel: +603 – 2072 8150 or +603 – 232 1655 (ext 202)
Fax: +603 – 2072 8278


About Cancer in Malaysia ?

Cancer is a disease of the cells. These cells work to replace worn out cells, heal damaged cells and help in growth. Cells are regenerated by certain genes. When these genes grow or multiply abnormally and grow into a lump (tumour), it becomes cancer. There are two classifications for cancer:

  1. Benign: generally not cancerous and do not spread to other parts of the body. However, some could be precancerous and may progress to cancer if untreated.
  2. Malignant: cancerous and if not treated early, may spread and affect other parts of the body, becoming invasive cancer.

These damaged cells can also move away from the original (primary) cancer area through local tissue fluid channels (lymphatics) or the blood stream, invading other organs. When these cells reach a new site, they may continue to grow, forming a new tumour at that area. This is known as secondary cancer or metastasis.

There are no definite answers on what causes most cancers. Lifestyle habits and recreation or substances in our environment affecting the body are commonly identified as highly possible risk factors. Other identified high risk factors for cancer include smoking, diet, chemicals and asbestos. Cancer is not contagious; you will not catch it by coming into contact with someone who has it.

Family history

It is likely to have someone in the family who has (or had) cancer. If someone in your family has/had cancer, it could mean:

  • Cancer has developed by chance in your family (most common)
  • You may have an increased risk of getting cancer
  • May have an inherited faulty gene causing an increased chance of cancer. This only involves up to 5% of certain cancers.

  1. According to estimates, there are about 90-100,000 people in Malaysia living with cancer at any one time.
  2. The National Cancer Registry of Malaysia (NCR) records 21,773 Malaysians being diagnosed with cancer but estimates that almost 10,000 cases are unregistered every year.
  3. It is estimated that one in four Malaysians (1:4) will develop cancer by 75 years old.
  4. Increasing population and longer life spans contributes to rise of cancer. Less than 10% of cancers happen in children compared to over 50% in men and 35% in women aged 50 and above.
  5. Cancer occurs more in females than males with a ratio of male to female 1:1.2
  6. The cancer incidence out of 100,000 people are:
    • 4,058 Malay males and 4,753 Malay females are diagnosed with cancer
    • 4,078 Chinese males and 4,422 Chinese females are diagnosed with cancer
    • 629 Indian males and 1065 Indian females are diagnosed with cancer

The top 5 cancers affecting both male and female in Malaysia are:

  1. Breast
  2. Colorectal (bowel)
  3. Lung
  4. Cervical
  5. Nasopharyngeal
  • Although considered the 3rd leading cause of premature death in Malaysia, only 30-40% of all deaths from cancer are medically certified, meaning there is no exact figure of people dying from cancer.
  • Findings show that 10.3% of Malaysians risk dying from the disease before 75 years old. (Globocan, 2008)
  • Cancer is becoming a leading cause of death due to avoidable risk factors like smoking and tobacco exposure, poor diet, alcohol, inadequate exercise or being overweight.
  • It is estimated that nearly 40% of all cancers are preventable, including colorectal, lung and cervical cancers, with smaller effects in breast and nasopharyngeal cancer.
  • Improvement in early detection and treatment leads to better survival rates for people with cancer.
Cancer Type in Malaysia

It is the most common cancer affecting women where one in 19 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer by the age of 85. About 4,000 women are diagnosed each year, mostly between 35-60 years old with 40% affected below the age of 50. It is rare, but men can also develop breast cancer.

Breasts are made up of milk glands, which consist of lobules. Milk is made in lobules, and tubes called ducts take milk to the nipples. Cancer develops when cells in the breast grow out of control.

If cancer has not spread beyond the breasts, it is referred as pre-invasive breast cancer. The most common types are ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS). Most breast cancers are diagnosed at invasive stages which consist of several types:

  • Early breast cancer: confined in the breast but may have spread to one or more lymph nodes in the armpit.
  • Locally advanced breast cancer: may have spread to places near the breast (skin, muscles, and chest) but not found in other parts of the body.
  • Metastatic (advanced) breast cancer: cancer cells have spread to other areas of the body like lungs, bones or liver.

What are the risks?

  • Ageing.
  • Previously diagnosed with breast cancer or other breast conditions like atypical ductal hyperplasia, ductal carcinoma in situ or lobular carcinoma in situ.
  • Family history where a relative from either side of the family has / had breast cancer.
  • Inherited genes which do not work properly. Only 1 in 20 cases are caused by faulty genes.

What are the symptoms?

  • Change in the nipple: the shape, crusting, a sore or an ulcer, redness. Nipple turning in when it used to stick out.
  • Change in the skin of the breast including a dimpling, unusual redness or other colour changes.
  • Changes in shape or size.
  • A lump, lumpiness or thickening.
  • Unusual discharge from nipple without squeezing.
  • Persistent or unusual pain that is unrelated to monthly menstruation cycle that remains after some time, occurring in one breast only.

These symptoms do not necessarily mean breast cancer. They are signs that alert you to have them checked by your doctor immediately. Symptoms of male breast cancer are similar to women’s. In some cases, symptoms may not be present and breast cancer may be found on a screening mammogram.

Also referred to as bowel cancer, it is the second most common cancer affecting about 2,900 Malaysians each year, mostly above the age of 50 but it can occur to anyone. It is the second most common cancer in Malaysian men across all age groups.

The large bowel is part of the digestive system, which works to help food to digest by absorbing water and nutrients and to remove remaining wastes. Bowel cancer can grow from the inner bowel lining or grow from a small raised area (polyp). Polyps are mostly benign (harmless) but can progress to become malignant (cancerous).

What are the risks?

  • Ageing.
  • Lifestyle factors, such as eating habits.
  • Family history where a relative from either side of the family had been diagnosed with bowel cancer before age 55.
  • Inherited faulty genes which do not work properly. Only 1 in 20 cases are caused by faulty genes.
  • Inherited genetic condition:
    1. Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) that causes polyps to form in the bowel. These polyps start off benign but could turn cancerous if not removed. FAP is a rare condition.
    2. Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) or Lynch syndrome increases the risk for cancer of the colon or rectum. Not everyone with HNPCC will develop bowel cancer.
  • If you have an inflammatory bowel disease.

What are the symptoms?

  • Abdominal pain during a bowel movement.
  • Anaemia
  • Blood in the stool or toilet paper.
  • Complete obstruction of the bowel.
  • Changes in bowel habits: appearance of stool, constipation or more frequent, smaller bowel movements.
  • Feeling of fullness in the bowel or rectum.
  • Feeling that the bowel did not empty completely after a bowel movement.
  • Rectal or anal pain.
  • Unexplained weight loss and fatigue.

These symptoms do not necessarily mean colorectal cancer. They are signs that alert you to have them checked by your doctor immediately.

It is the 2nd most common cancer affecting men and 3rd most common cancer with 2,100 Malaysians diagnosed each year.

The lungs are roughly cone-shaped and made up of sections called lobes. The left lung has two lobes and the right lung three. The lungs are spongy and fill up most of the chest area. There are a few structures that lie between the lungs such as:

  • heart and large blood vessels
  • windpipe (trachea)
  • oesophagus (carries food from mouth to stomach)
  • many lymph nodes

Lung cancer usually begins in the lining of an airway and there are many different types of lung cancer, classified according to the type of cell affected.

  • Small cell lung cancer: Makes up 15% of all lung cancers, this type tends to start in the middle of the lungs. It is strongly linked with cigarette smoking. Types of small cell lung cancer are small cell carcinoma, mixed small cell/large cell carcinoma and combined cell carcinoma. It is usually treated with chemotherapy combined with radiotherapy.
  • Non-small cell lung cancer: Makes up around 75-80% of lung cancers, usually affecting the main bronchi and smaller airways. The cancer can spread into the chest wall and lymph nodes. Types include squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, large cell carcinoma and bronchio-alveolar cell carcinoma.
  • Mesothelioma: It is cancer of the cells of the pleural membrane around the lungs and is strongly linked to asbestos exposure. However, it could take up to 25-50 years from exposure to development of cancer.

What are the risks?

  • Smoking
    • about 1 in 10 smokers develop lung cancer
    • more than 90% of lung cancers are attributed to smoking
    • smoking at a young age increases the risk of developing lung cancer
    • second hand smoke could cause lung cancer
  • Work-related risks
    • exposure to asbestos
    • exposure to processing of steel, nickel, chrome and coal gas
    • radiation, especially for miners who breath in air contaminated

What are the symptoms?

  • A new cough
  • Breathlessness
  • Coughing up blood
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty swallowing (often seen in people with advanced cancer)
  • Fatigue
  • Hoarseness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Weight loss

These symptoms do not necessarily mean lung cancer. They are signs that alert you to have them checked by your doctor immediately.

It is the 3rd most common cancer, accounting for 11% of all cancers in women. Over 1100 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer in Malaysia each year. Risk of cervical cancer increases after 30 years old and peaks at ages 60–69 years old.

The cervix

  • Part of the female reproductive system and the lower part of the uterus (womb) connecting to the vagina.
  • Shaped like an upside down pear located at the top of the vagina.
  • Produces moistness to lubricate the vagina and mucus to help sperm travel up to the Fallopian tube to fertilise an egg from the ovary. At childbirth, the cervix widens to allow the baby to pass down into the birth canal.

Cervical cancer is a malignant tumour in the tissues of the cervix. There are 2 main types of cervical cancer, named after the type of cell they originated from.

  • Squamous cell carcinoma: Starting in the squamous or skin-like cells of the cervix, it is the most common cancer and accounts for 80% of all cervical cancers.
  • Adenocarcinoma: It starts higher in the cervix and is more difficult to diagnose with Pap test. It develops from the glandular cells and is a less common type of cancer.

Cervical cancer is either microinvasive or invasive:

  • Microinvasive: cancer cells have broken through the boundary between epithelium and stroma but have not spread more than 5mm into the cervix tissue.
  • Invasive: cancer cells have spread into the stroma beyond 5mm and may have spread to nearby tissues like vagina, rectum or bladder.
  • Cancer can also spread to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system.

What are the risks?

  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection
    • An infection commonly affecting the surface on any part of the body, including the skin, vagina and cervix.
    • There are more than 100 types of virus but only some affect the genital area.
    • Most women will be infected with HPV at some time in life but the infection usually clears up on its own.
    • HPV shows no symptoms and women only find out about it if it shows up on a Pap smear.
    • Only a few types of HPV cause cervical cancer.
  • Smoking – chemicals in cigarettes may damage the cells of the cervix and increase risk of developing cervical cancer.

What are the symptoms?

  • Bleeding after intercourse
  • Excessive tiredness
  • Leg pain or swelling
  • Lower back pain
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Vaginal bleeding between periods
  • Vaginal bleeding after menopause

These symptoms do not necessarily mean cervical cancer. They are signs that alert you to have them checked by your doctor immediately.

It is the 5th most common cancer affecting about 1,000 Malaysians every year. NPC is the 3rd most common cancer in men aged 15-49. It is less common in men and women under 30 years old but incidences increase between 30-60 years old.

The nasopharynx is situated behind the nose and below the brain, connecting the nose to the windpipe. On its sidewall, a tube connects it to the ear. The nasopharynx is made up four areas:

  1. Nose and sinuses
    The nasal cavity of the large, air-filled space located behind the nose. The nose and upper respiratory tract function to warm, moisten and filter the air we breathe. Paranasal sinuses are air-filled spaces within the head that helps lighten the weight of the skull. The four (4) types of sinuses are:
    • Frontal sinuses – behind the forehead.
    • Ethmoid sinuses – between the eyes.
    • Sphenoid sinuses – at the base of the skull.
    • Maxillary sinuses – under the eyes within the maxillary (cheek) bones.
  2. Mouth (oral cavity)
    • The tongue is the largest organ in the mouth and is made of muscular tissue.
    • The roof of the mouth is formed by the hard palate.
    • The soft palate is an arch of muscle behind the hard palate, going into the throat.
    • Includes the lips, gums, cheeks, floor or the mouth and jaw.
  3. Throat (pharynx)
    The throat is the tube running from the back of the nose to the oesophagus and trachea, consisting of three parts:
    • Nasopharynx – the open cavity behind the nose and above the soft palate.
    • Oropharynx – area from the soft palate and base of the tongue to the back of the mouth, including the tonsils.
    • Hypopharynx or Laryngopharynx – the lowest part of the back of the throat behind the voice box.

    Halfway down the neck, the throat branches into two tubes:

    • Oesophagus – tube that carries food into the stomach.
    • Trachea – tube that brings air into and out of the lungs.
  4. Voice box (larynx)
    • The voice box is located on top of the trachea.
    • It houses the vocal cords (glottis), which vibrate on air coming up from the lungs to allow sound production required for speech.
    • Above the vocal cords is the supraglottis that contains the epiglottis, which is a small cartilage flap preventing food from going into the trachea.
    • The area below the glottis is the subglottis.

What are the risks?

  • Age – more common in people aged 55 and above
  • Chewing betel nut
  • Diet: A recent study in Singapore identified salted soy beans, canned pickled vegetables, Szechuan vegetables and salted vegetables as high–risk foods. The cooking of such foods releases toxic substances called nitrosamines into the fumes that we breathe.
  • Epstein Barr Virus (EB virus) – This virus has been found to be associated with NPC.
  • Geography and race: NPC incidence among Chinese and other Southeast Asians are 10 -50X higher than other countries. Moderately elevated numbers are associated in Malays.
  • Genetic factors may play an important role in NPC. Blood tests can identify certain people at risk from NPC. At present, these tests are not commercially available.
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Inhalation of sulphuric acid mist, asbestos fibers, dry–cleaning solvents, some types of paint or nickel
  • Smoking
  • Sex – men are 3 times more likely to develop the cancer

What are the symptoms?
NPC often does not present any symptoms at the early stage. However, there are a few indications:

  • The most common presentation (90%) is a lump in the neck. That is a swollen lymph node penetrated by cancer cells.
  • Nose bleed, blocked nostrils, mucus secretion.
  • Loss of hearing, pain and buzzing in the ear and noise discharge.
  • Hoarseness of voice and difficulty in swallowing.
  • Paralysis on one side of the face.

Oral cancer symptoms

  • Mouth pain
  • White or red patch on gums, tongue or lining
  • A change in speech or difficulty pronouncing words
  • Difficulty swallowing food or feeling that food is ‘stuck’
  • A lump in the neck
  • Loose teeth or dentures that no longer fit well

Pharyngeal cancer symptoms

  • Throat pain
  • Sore throat or cough that won’t go away
  • Coughing up phlegm with blood
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • A change in the sound of voice or hoarseness
  • Feeling that air supply is blocked
  • Dull pain around the breastbone
  • Lump in the neck
  • An earache

Laryngeal cancer symptoms

  • Swelling in the neck or throat
  • A change in the sound of voice or hoarseness
  • Lump in the neck
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • A persistent sore throat

Nasal and paranasal cancer symptoms

  • Persistent blocked nose, particularly in one nostril
  • Decreased sense of smell
  • Nosebleeds
  • Mucus drainage in the back of nose or throat
  • Frequent headaches or feeling of sinus pressure
  • A bulging or watery eye
  • Complete or partial loss of eyesight
  • Double vision
  • A lump on the face, in the nose or mouth
  • Loose or painful teeth
  • Pressure or pain in the ears

Prevention & Early Detection

A healthy lifestyle can help prevent up to 2/3 of all cancers. Making slight changes to daily habits will reduce the risk of developing cancer.

  • Do not smoke. If you smoke, quitting will significantly reduce your risk for many cancers.
  • Be active every day or try to exercise three times a week, 30 minutes each time.
  • Keep to a healthy weight.
  • Eat plenty of vegetables, fruit and dietary fibre (oats, brown rice, cereal etc).
  • Eat food low in fat, sugar and salt.
  • Keep your alcohol intake low.
  • Drink at least 8 glasses of plain water every day.
  • Be sun aware.

Certain cancers can be detected early and there is an 80% chance of surviving a cancer that was found early. There are 8 warning signs of cancer to look out for:

  • Any change in bowel or bladder habit.
  • Unusual bleeding or discharge from any part of the body e.g. vaginal bleeding between menstruations or after menopause.
  • An unexplained lump that does not go away e.g. lump in the breast or in the neck.
  • A sore that does not heal.
  • Changes to a skin spot, wart or mole.
  • Hoarseness of voice or nagging cough lasting more than two weeks.
  • Unusual nose bleed, deafness or ringing sound in the ears.
  • Indigestion or difficulty in swallowing.

Screening is tests done on healthy individuals to find the cancer at an early stage. The screening guidelines recommended by NCSM are for the early detection of cancer for people without any symptoms. Some people are at higher risks for certain cancers and may need to have the tests more frequently. Talk with your health care professional to find out how these guidelines relate to you


More and more studies are recognizing the power of nutrients in fruits and vegetables that may be helpful to prevent diseases and cancer.

  • Phytochemicals such as beta-carotene, lycopene and isoflavones found in fruits, vegetables and grains have been identified as disease fighters.
  • Research found that risk or prostate cancer drops for men who eat tomatoes and tomato products as tomatoes are high in lycopene.
  • It has been shown that colon cancer declines among those who drink green tea and regularly eat soy products and foods rich in selenium.

It may not be clear how phytochemicals in fruits and vegetables work to prevent cancer but many researches have proven that this compound is effective in lowering risks of certain cancers and disease in general.

Many people with cancer take herbs and other alternative therapies such as vitamins, minerals antioxidants, enzymes, amino acids, animal extracts, hormones or other dietary supplements. They hope it will help in treating their disease or improve nutrition and general health. While many dietary supplements may be said to cure cancer, to date there is no evidence that these products are effective treatments for the disease


  • Herbs are the main ingredient to treat diseases since hundreds of years ago.
  • Today, herbs can be found in pills, liquid extracts, teas and ointments.
  • Many of these herb-based products are safe to use but some may have side effects, particularly to the liver. They could interfere with chemotherapy, radiation therapy or recovery fro surgery.

Vitamins, Minerals & Dietary Supplements

  • Many people with cancer take some or many types of vitamins, minerals and other diet supplements to enhance their immune system or even destroy cancer cells.
  • The doctor or dietitian may advise supplementing your diet with certain vitamins and minerals during treatment particularly if you are unable to eat an adequate diet. In most cases, however, a supplement that contains 100% of the Malaysian Recommended Daily Allowances is usually sufficient.
  • Taking any supplement in large doses or without a doctor’s knowledge can be harmful as they may reduce the effectiveness of chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
  • Currently, there are no regulations controlling the safety, content and quality or dose recommendations for these products. Malaysian Law does not require manufacturers to print possible side effects on labels.
  • Antioxidants protect the body’s cells from damage caused by free radicals (by-products of the body’s normal processes. Many people take antioxidants in supplement form such as vitamin C, vitamin E, beta-carotene and selenium).
  • Taking large doses of antioxidant supplements is usually not recommended while undergoing chemotherapy and radiation therapy. If you want more antioxidants, fresh fruits and vegetables would be the best options.

Safety considerations:

  • Tell your health care team about any herbal products and supplements that you are using or considering using. Bring the bottle(s) of the supplement to your doctor for approval of the dose and to ensure that the ingredients do not interfere with your health or cancer treatments.
  • Ask your doctor or dietician for reliable information on dietary supplements.
  • Check the product labels for both the quantity and concentration of active ingredients contained in each product and the expiry date.
  • Stop taking the product immediately and call your doctor if you experience side effects such as wheezing, itching, numbness or tingling in limbs.
  • It is important to do your own research that is written by recognized experts of a product before you buy an expensive supplement. Also avoid supplements that are priced cheaply as they are most likely of low quality.
  • When you shop for herbal supplements, make sure to find a product that uses only the effective part of the plant. Avoid botanicals that have been made using the entire plant, unless the entire plant is recommended.
  • Remember that a product described as "natural” is not necessarily safer or more effective.
  • Consider the name and reputation of the manufacturer or distributor. Large companies with a reputation to uphold are more likely to manufacture their products under strict, quality controlled conditions
  • Does the label provide an address to contact the company?
  • Try to avoid mixtures of many different supplements. The more the ingredients , the greater the chance of harmful effects.
  • Avoid products that claim to be "miracle cures,” ‘breakthroughs” or "new discoveries.” These claims are almost always completely untrue.
  • Avoid products that claim to be effective treatment for a wide variety of unrelated illnesses.

Some kinds of cancer therapies cause low white blood cell counts. If you have a low white cell count, you must handle and prepare food carefully to reduce your exposure to bacteria.

What to Do :

  • Wash hands thoroughly with warm soapy water before and after preparing food and before eating.
  • Use different cutting boards for meats and vegetables. Sanitise cutting boards well after each use. Wash the board with warm soapy water and rinse well. Wash the board again with a solution of 1 tablespoon of bleach in 4 cups of warm water. Let the solution stay on the board for at least 2 minutes and then rinse with hot clean water.
  • Keep hot foods hot (above 60°C) and cold foods cold ( below 40°C).
  • Thaw foods in the refrigerator or microwave oven and cook them immediately. Never thaw foods at room temperature.
  • Refrigerate all leftovers within 2 hours of cooking them and eat them within 24 hours.
  • Eat only well cooked foods. Avoid raw and undercooked foods.
  • Do not eat raw eggs ; you must always cook them thoroughly.
  • Do not drink tap water directly from tap, but boiled the water or filter it before consume.
Signs Of Colon Cancer
Signs and symptoms of colon cancer include: 

A change in your bowel habits, including diarrhea or constipation or a change in the consistency of your stool for more than a couple of weeks

Rectal bleeding or blood in your stool

Persistent abdominal discomfort, such as cramps, gas or pain

A feeling that your bowel doesn't empty completely

Weakness or fatigue

Unexplained weight loss

Many people with colon cancer experience no symptoms in the early stages of the disease. When symptoms appear, they'll likely vary, depending on the cancer's size and location in your large intestine.

When to see a doctor

If you notice any symptoms of colon cancer, such as blood in your stool or a persistent change in bowel habits, make an appointment with your doctor.

Talk to your doctor about when you should begin screening for colon cancer. Guidelines generally recommend colon cancer screenings begin at age 50. Your doctor may recommend more frequent or earlier screening if you have other risk factors, such as a family history of the disease.


It's not clear what causes colon cancer in most cases. Doctors know that colon cancer occurs when healthy cells in the colon become altered. Healthy cells grow and divide in an orderly way to keep your body functioning normally. But sometimes this growth gets out of control — cells continue dividing even when new cells aren't needed. In the colon and rectum, this exaggerated growth may cause precancerous cells to form in the lining of your intestine. Over a long period of time — spanning up to several years — some of these areas of abnormal cells may become cancerous. 

Precancerous growths in the colon

Colon cancer most often begins as clumps of precancerous cells (polyps) on the inside lining of the colon. Polyps can appear mushroom-shaped. Precancerous growths can also be flat or recessed into the wall of the colon (nonpolypoid lesions). Nonpolypoid lesions are more difficult to detect, but are less common. Removing polyps and nonpolypoid lesions before they become cancerous can prevent colon cancer.

Inherited gene mutations that increase the risk of colon cancer

Inherited gene mutations that increase the risk of colon cancer can be passed through families, but these inherited genes are linked to only a small percentage of colon cancers. Inherited gene mutations don't make cancer inevitable, but they can increase an individual's risk of cancer significantly.
Factors that may increase your risk of colon cancer include: 

Older age. About 90 percent of people diagnosed with colon cancer are older than 50. Colon cancer can occur in younger people, but it occurs much less frequently.

African-American race. African-Americans have a greater risk of colon cancer than do people of other races.

A personal history of colorectal cancer or polyps. If you've already had colon cancer or adenomatous polyps, you have a greater risk of colon cancer in the future.

Inflammatory intestinal conditions. Long-standing inflammatory diseases of the colon, such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, can increase your risk of colon cancer.

Inherited syndromes that increase colon cancer risk. Genetic syndromes passed through generations of your family can increase your risk of colon cancer. These syndromes include familial adenomatous polyposis and hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer, which is also known as Lynch syndrome.

Family history of colon cancer and colon polyps. You're more likely to develop colon cancer if you have a parent, sibling or child with the disease. If more than one family member has colon cancer or rectal cancer, your risk is even greater. In some cases, this connection may not be hereditary or genetic. Instead, cancers within the same family may result from shared exposure to an environmental carcinogen or from diet or lifestyle factors.

Low-fiber, high-fat diet. Colon cancer and rectal cancer may be associated with a diet low in fiber and high in fat and calories. Research in this area has had mixed results. Some studies have found an increased risk of colon cancer in people who eat diets high in red meat and processed meats.

A sedentary lifestyle. If you're inactive, you're more likely to develop colon cancer. Getting regular physical activity may reduce your risk of colon cancer.

Diabetes. People with diabetes and insulin resistance may have an increased risk of colon cancer.

Obesity. People who are obese have an increased risk of colon cancer and an increased risk of dying of colon cancer when compared with people considered normal weight.

Smoking. People who smoke cigarettes may have an increased risk of colon cancer.

Alcohol. Heavy use of alcohol may increase your risk of colon cancer.

Radiation therapy for cancer. Radiation therapy directed at the abdomen to treat previous cancers may increase the risk of colon cancer.

If your doctor suspects you may have colon cancer, you'll likely be referred to specialists who treat colon cancer. You may meet with a number of specialists, including:

Doctors who treat digestive diseases (gastroenterologists)

Doctors who treat cancer (oncologists)

Doctors who remove colon cancer using surgery (surgeons)

Doctors who use radiation to treat cancer (radiation oncologists)

Because appointments can be brief, and because there's often a lot of ground to cover, it's a good idea to be well prepared for your appointment. Here's some information to help you get ready for your appointment, and what to expect from your doctor.

What you can do

Be aware of any pre-appointment restrictions. At the time you make the appointment, be sure to ask if there's anything you need to do in advance, such as restrict your diet.

Write down any symptoms you're experiencing, including any that may seem unrelated to the reason for which you scheduled the appointment.

Write down key personal information, including any major stresses or recent life changes.

Make a list of all medications, as well as any vitamins or supplements, that you're taking.

Take a family member or friend along, if possible. Sometimes it can be difficult to absorb all the information provided during an appointment. Someone who accompanies you may remember something that you missed or forgot.

Write down questions to ask your doctor.

Your time with your doctor is limited, so preparing a list of questions will help you make the most of your time together. List your questions from most important to least important in case time runs out. For colon cancer, some basic questions to ask your doctor include:

Where is my colon cancer located in my colon?

What is the stage of my colon cancer?

Can you explain my pathology report to me?

Can I have a copy of my pathology report?

Has my colon cancer spread to other parts of my body?

Will I need more tests?

What are the treatment options for my colon cancer?

Will any of the treatments cure my colon cancer?

What is the chance that my colon cancer will be cured?

How much does each treatment increase my chances that my colon cancer will be cured?

What are the potential side effects of each treatment?

How will each treatment affect my daily life?

Is there one treatment you feel is best for me?

What would you recommend to a family member or friend in my same situation?

How much time can I take to make my decision about treatment?

Should I seek a second opinion?

Should I see a specialist? What will that cost, and will my insurance cover seeing a specialist?

Are there any brochures or other printed material that I can take with me? What Web sites do you recommend?

In addition to the questions that you've prepared to ask your doctor, don't hesitate to ask questions during your appointment at any time that you don't understand something.

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
What is non-Hodgkin lymphoma?
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (also known as non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, NHL, or sometimes just lymphoma) is a cancer that starts in cells called lymphocytes, which are part of the body's immune system. Lymphocytes are in the lymph nodes and other lymphoid tissues (such as the spleen and bone marrow). These will be described in more detail in the section "The lymph system and lymphoid tissue."

Some other types of cancer -- lung or colon cancers, for example -- can spread to lymph tissue such as the lymph nodes or bone marrow. But cancers that start in these places and then spread to the lymph tissue are not lymphomas.

There are 2 main types of lymphomas.

Hodgkin lymphoma (also known as Hodgkin's lymphoma, Hodgkin disease, or Hodgkin's disease) is named after Dr. Thomas Hodgkin, who first described it.
non-Hodgkin lymphoma
These 2 types of lymphomas differ in how they behave, spread, and respond to treatment.

Doctors can usually tell the difference between them by looking at the cancer cells under a microscope. In some cases, sensitive lab tests may be needed to tell them apart.
The lymph system and lymphoid tissue
To understand what lymphoma is, it helps to know about the body's lymph system.

The lymph system (also known as the lymphatic system) is composed mainly of lymphoid tissue, lymph vessels, and a clear fluid called lymph. Lymphoid tissue is made up of several types of immune system cells that work together to help the body fight infections. Lymphoid tissue is found in many places throughout the body (described below).

LymphocytesMost of the cells in lymphoid tissue are lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell. The 2 main types of lymphocytes are B lymphocytes (B cells) and T lymphocytes (T cells). Both types can develop into lymphoma cells, but B-cell lymphomas are much more common than T-cell lymphomas in the United States. Normal T cells and B cells do different jobs within the immune system.

B lymphocytes: B cells normally help protect the body against germs (bacteria or viruses) by making proteins called antibodies. The antibodies attach to the bacteria or viruses and attract other immune system cells that surround and digest the antibody-coated germs. Antibodies also attract certain blood proteins that can kill bacteria.

T lymphocytes: There are several types of T cells, each with a specialized job. Some T cells help protect the body against viruses, fungi, and some bacteria. For example, they recognize specific substances found in virus-infected cells and destroy these cells. T cells can also release substances called cytokines that attract certain other types of white blood cells, which then digest the infected cells. T cells are also thought to destroy some types of cancer cells. Some types of T cells play a role in either boosting or slowing the activity of other immune system cells.

Different types of lymphoma can develop from these different types of lymphocytes. Treatment for each lymphoma depends on which type it is, so determining the exact type of lymphoma is important.

Organs that contain lymphoid tissueBecause lymphoid tissue is in many parts of the body, lymphomas can start almost anywhere. The major sites of lymphoid tissue are:

Lymph nodes: Lymph nodes are bean-sized organs throughout the body that are connected by a system of lymphatic vessels. These vessels are like veins, except that instead of carrying blood, they carry lymph and immune system cells.

Lymph nodes get bigger when they fight infection. Lymph nodes that grow in reaction to infection are called reactive nodes or hyperplastic nodes and are often tender to the touch. An enlarged lymph node is not always a sign of a serious problem. Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck are often felt in people with sore throats or colds. But a large lymph node is also the most common sign of lymphoma. Lymph node enlargement is discussed more in the section, "How is non-Hodgkin lymphoma diagnosed?"

Spleen: The spleen is an organ under the lower part of the rib cage on the left side of the body. An average adult spleen weighs about 5 ounces. The spleen makes lymphocytes and other immune system cells to help fight infection. It also stores healthy blood cells and filters out damaged blood cells, bacteria, and cell waste.

Thymus gland: The thymus lies behind the upper part of the breastbone and in front of the heart. Before birth, the thymus plays a vital role in development of T lymphocytes. The thymus shrinks and becomes less important over the first 20 years of life. Despite this, it continues to play a role in immune system function.

Adenoids and tonsils: These are collections of lymphoid tissue located at the back of the throat. They help make antibodies against germs that are breathed in or swallowed. They are easy to see when they become enlarged during an infection or if they become cancerous.

Digestive tract: The stomach and intestines as well as many other organs also contain lymphoid tissue.

Bone marrow: The bone marrow (the soft inner part of certain bones) makes red blood cells, blood platelets, and white blood cells. Red blood cells carry oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. Platelets plug up small holes in blood vessels caused by cuts or scrapes. White blood cells' main job is fighting infections. The 2 main types of white blood cells are granulocytes and lymphocytes. Bone marrow lymphocytes are primarily B cells. Lymphomas sometimes start from bone marrow lymphocytes.

Types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma
Classifying non-Hodgkin lymphoma can be quite confusing (even for many doctors) because there are so many types and because several different systems have been used. The most recent system is the World Health Organization (WHO) classification. The WHO system groups lymphomas based on how they look under a microscope, the chromosome features of the lymphoma cells, and the presence of certain chemicals on the surface of the cells. (Older systems classified lymphomas based only on how they looked under a microscope.)

The more common types of lymphoma are listed below according to whether they are B-cell or T-cell lymphomas. Some rarer forms of non-Hodgkin lymphoma are not discussed here.

B-cell lymphomas
B-cell lymphomas make up most (about 85%) of non-Hodgkin lymphomas in the United States.

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma This is one of the more common types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in the United States, accounting for about 1 out of every 3 cases. The cells are fairly large when viewed under the microscope.

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) can affect any age group but occurs mostly in older people (the average age is mid-60s). It usually starts as a quickly growing mass in an internal lymph node, such as in the chest or abdomen or in a lymph node that you can feel, such as in the neck or armpit. Although this lymphoma usually starts in lymph nodes, it can grow in other areas such as the intestines, bone, or even the brain or spinal cord.

About 1 out of 3 of these lymphomas is confined to one part of the body (localized) when it is found. Localized lymphomas are easier to treat than when they have spread to other parts of the body. Genetic tests have shown that there are different subtypes of DLBCL, even though they look the same under the microscope. These subtypes seem to have different outlooks (prognoses) and responses to treatment.

This is a fast growing lymphoma, but it often responds well to treatment with chemotherapy. Overall, about 3 out of 4 people will have no signs of disease after initial treatment, and about half of all people with this lymphoma are cured with therapy.

Follicular lymphomaAbout 1 out of 5 lymphomas in the United States is follicular lymphoma. The term follicular is used because the cells tend to grow in a circular, or nodular, pattern in lymph nodes.

The average age for people with this lymphoma is about 60. It is rare in very young people. Most of the time, this lymphoma occurs in many lymph node sites in the body, as well as in the bone marrow.

Follicular lymphomas are often slow-growing, but they are hard to cure. The 5-year survival rate (the percentage of people surviving at least 5 years) is around 70%. Often these lymphomas are not treated when they are first diagnosed if the patient has no symptoms of the disease. Over time, about 1 out of 3 follicular lymphomas changes (transforms) into a fast-growing diffuse B-cell lymphoma.

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia /small lymphocytic lymphoma These are closely related diseases. In fact, many doctors consider them to be different versions of the same disease. The same type of cell (known as a small lymphocyte) is involved in both chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and small lymphocytic leukemia (SLL). The only difference is where the cancer occurs. In CLL it is mostly in the blood and bone marrow; in SLL, it is mainly in the lymph nodes. SLL accounts for about 5% to 10% of all lymphomas.

Both CLL and SLL are slow-growing diseases, although CLL, which is much more common, tends to grow slower. CLL and SLL are treated the same way. They are usually not considered curable with standard treatments, but depending on the stage and growth rate of the disease, most patients live longer than 10 years. Occasionally over time, these slow-growing lymphomas may transform into a more aggressive type of lymphoma.

For more detailed information, see our document, Leukemia -- Chronic Lymphocytic.

Mantle cell lymphomaOnly about 5% of lymphomas are of this type. The cells are small to medium in size.

Men are affected most often. The average age of patients is in the early 60s. The lymphoma is usually widespread when it is diagnosed, involving lymph nodes, bone marrow, and, very often, the spleen.

This isn't a very fast growing lymphoma, but it is hard to treat. Newer, more aggressive treatments may be more effective than those used in the past, and may offer a better chance for long-term survival for patients now being diagnosed.

Marginal zone B-cell lymphomasMarginal zone lymphomas account for about 5% to 10% of lymphomas. The cells in these lymphomas look small under the microscope. There are 3 main types of marginal zone lymphomas.

Extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphomas, also known as mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphomas: These lymphomas start in places other than the lymph nodes (hence the name extranodal) and are the most common type. Most MALT lymphomas arise in the stomach and are thought to be related to an infection by the bacteria Helicobacter pylori, which is also the cause of stomach ulcers. Other possible sites of MALT lymphomas include the lung, skin, thyroid, salivary glands, and tissues surrounding the eye. Usually it is confined to the area where it begins and is not widespread. Many of these other MALT lymphomas have also been linked to infections with bacteria or viruses.

The average age of patients with MALT lymphoma is about 60. It is a slow-growing lymphoma and is often curable in its early stages. Doctors often use antibiotics as the first treatment for this type of lymphoma, especially MALT lymphoma of the stomach, as they may get rid of the Helicobacter pylori infection.

Nodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma: This is a rare disease, found mainly in older women. Mostly lymph nodes are involved, although the lymphoma cells can also sometimes be found in the bone marrow.

This tends to be a slow-growing lymphoma (although not usually as slow as MALT lymphoma), and many patients are cured if they are diagnosed in the early stages.

Splenic marginal zone B-cell lymphoma: This is a rare lymphoma. Most often the lymphoma is found only in the spleen and bone marrow.

Patients are often elderly and male and have fatigue and discomfort caused by an enlarged spleen. Because the disease is slow-growing, treatment may not be needed unless the symptoms become troublesome.

Primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma This type accounts for about 2% of all lymphomas. The cells are large and resemble those of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas.

This lymphoma starts in the mediastinum (the area around the heart and behind the chest bone). It usually is localized when it is found and rarely involves the bone marrow. It can cause trouble breathing because it often presses on the windpipe (trachea) leading into the lungs. It can also block the superior vena cava (the large vein that returns blood to the heart from the arms and head). This can cause the arms and face to swell.

About 2 out of 3 people with this lymphoma are women. Most are young -- in their 30s. It is a fast growing lymphoma but it is treatable. About half of patients can be cured.

Burkitt lymphomaThis type makes up about 1% to 2% of all lymphomas. It is named after the doctor who first described this disease in African children and young adults. The cells are medium sized. Another kind of lymphoma, called Burkitt-like lymphoma, has slightly larger cells. Because this second kind of lymphoma is hard to tell apart from Burkitt lymphoma, the WHO classification combines them.

This is a very fast-growing lymphoma. In the African variety, it often starts as tumors of the jaws or other facial bones. In the more common types seen in the United States, the lymphoma usually starts in the abdomen, where it forms a large tumor mass. It can also start in the ovaries, testes, or other organs, and can spread to the brain and spinal fluid.

Close to 90% of patients are male, and the average age is about 30. Although this is a fast-growing lymphoma, over half of patients can be cured by intensive chemotherapy.

Lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia)This type is not common, accounting for 1% to 2% of lymphomas. The cells are small and found mainly in the bone marrow, lymph nodes, and spleen.

Most of the time the lymphoma cells make an antibody called immunoglobulin M (IgM), which is a very large protein. This antibody circulates in the blood in large amounts, and causes the liquid part of the blood to thicken, like syrup. This can lead to decreased blood flow to many organs, which can cause problems with vision (because of poor circulation in blood vessels in the back of the eyes) and neurological problems (such as headache, dizziness, and confusion) caused by poor blood flow within the brain. Other symptoms can include feeling tired and weak, and a tendency to bleed easily.

This lymphoma is slow growing. Although it isn't usually considered to be curable, most patients live longer than 5 years.

For more information, see our document, Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia.

Hairy cell leukemiaDespite the name, this is sometimes considered to be a type of lymphoma. Hairy cell leukemia (HCL) is rare -- about 1,000 people in the United States are diagnosed with it each year. The cells are small B lymphocytes with projections coming off them that give them a "hairy" appearance. They are typically found in the bone marrow and spleen and circulating in the blood.

Patients with HCL tend to be older in general. Hairy cell leukemia is slow-growing, and some patients may never need treatment. An enlarging spleen or dropping blood counts (due to cancer cells invading the bone marrow) are the usual reasons to begin treatment, which is highly effective. Hairy cell leukemia is also described in our document, Leukemia--Chronic Lymphocytic.

Primary central nervous system (CNS) lymphomaThis lymphoma usually involves the brain (called primary brain lymphoma), but it may also be found in the spinal cord and in tissues around the spinal cord and the eye. Over time, it tends to become widespread in the central nervous system. Primary CNS lymphoma is more common in people with immune system problems, such as those infected with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. Most people develop headaches and confusion. They can also have vision problems, paralysis of some facial muscles, and even seizures in some cases.

The outlook for people with this condition has always been thought to be fairly poor, but about 30% to 50% of people can live at least 5 years with today's treatments.

T-cell lymphomas
T-cell lymphomas make up less than 15% of non-Hodgkin lymphomas in the United States.

Precursor T-lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukemiaThis disease accounts for about 1% of all lymphomas. It can be considered either a lymphoma or leukemia, depending on how much of the bone marrow is involved (leukemias have more bone marrow involvement). The cancer cells are small-to-medium sized immature T-cells.

It often starts in the thymus gland (where many T cells are made) and can develop into a large tumor in the mediastinum (the area around the heart and behind the breast bone). This can cause trouble breathing if it presses on the windpipe (trachea) leading into the lungs. It can also block the superior vena cava (the large vein that returns blood to the heart from the arms and head), which can cause the arms and face to swell.

Patients are most often young adults, with males being affected more often than females.

This lymphoma is fast-growing, but if it hasn't spread to the bone marrow when it is first diagnosed, the chance of cure with chemotherapy is quite good. Once it is in the bone marrow, only about 40% to 50% of patients can be cured.

Peripheral T-cell lymphomasThese types of lymphomas develop from more mature forms of T cells. They are rare, accounting for about 5% of all lymphomas.

Cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (mycosis fungoides, Sezary syndrome): These lymphomas start in the skin. They are described in our document, Lymphoma of the Skin.

Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma: This lymphoma tends to occur in the lymph nodes and may affect the spleen or liver. Patients usually have fever, weight loss, and skin rashes and often develop infections. This lymphoma often progresses quickly.

Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type: This type often involves the upper airway passages, such as the nose and upper throat, but it can also invade the skin and digestive tract. It is much more common in parts of Asia and South America. All ages can be affected.

Enteropathy type T-cell lymphoma: This lymphoma occurs in people with sensitivity to gluten, the main protein in wheat flour. The disease, called gluten-sensitive enteropathy, can progress to this lymphoma, which typically invades the walls of the intestines.

Subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma: This rare lymphoma invades the deep layers of the skin, where it causes nodules to form. It is described further in our document, Lymphoma of the Skin.

Anaplastic large cell lymphoma: About 1% to 2% of lymphomas are of this type. The cells appear large under the microscope. The type of lymphoma is more common in young people (including children), but it does occur in patients in their 50s and 60s. It usually starts in lymph nodes and can also spread to skin. This type of lymphoma tends to be fast-growing, but many patients with this lymphoma are cured.

Peripheral T-cell lymphoma, unspecified: This name is given to T-cell lymphomas that don't readily fit into any of the groups above. They make up about half of all T-cell lymphomas. The tumor cells can be small or large. Most patients are in their 60s. As a group, these lymphomas tend to be widespread and grow quickly. Some cases respond well to chemotherapy, but long-term survival is not common.

Useful Links

NCSM Related Links

Cancer Hub

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Central Region

Breast Cancer Welfare Association (BCWA)

Cancer Education (KANWORK)

Cancerlink Foundation

Cancer Research Initiatives Foundation (CARIF)

College of Radiology Malaysia

Hospis Malaysia

Kasih Hospice Care Society

Majlis Kanser Nasional (MAKNA)

Malaysian Oncological Society

PRIDE Foundation

Southern Region

Breast Cancer Support Group Johor Bharu (BCSGJB)

Segamat Breast Cancer Support Group

OASIS Melaka Cancer Society

Malacca Breast Cancer Support Group
Tel: 019-6573608

Northern Region

National Cancer Society Malaysia (Penang Branch) / Penang Hospice Society

Persatuan Pink Champion Perak
Tel: 05-5484333 ext 3821/3822

Penang Breast Care Society
Tel: 04-6587108

Eastern Region

Kelantan Family Planning Association (for breast cancer support)
Tel: 09- 743 2407

Terengganu Rakan Cakna
Tel: 09 622 1763

Kuantan IIUM Breast Centre
Tel: 09- 513 2797

Pahang Breast Cancer Support Group
Tel: 09-3556895

East Malaysia

Sabah Family Planning Association (Breast Cancer Support Group)
Tel: 088- 217 553/230 179

Sarawak Breast Cancer Support Group (Matahari)
Tel: 082 414 994


Union for International Cancer Control (UICC)

National Cancer Institue (NIC)

Komen Foundation

Cancer Foundation of Western Australia

American Cancer Society | Celebrate. Remember. Fight Back!

The Lancet

Cancer Backup

Mesothelioma Cancer Network

Cancer Council Victoria



Describes an illness that arises suddenly, then subsides after a short period of time. Brief and severe.

A cancer that involves the cells lining the walls of many different organs of the body. It starts in glandular tissue or has a gland-like appearance.

A benign tumour (not a cancer) that starts in gland tissue or has a gland-like appearance.

adjuvant treatment
A treatment given with, or shortly after, another treatment to enhance its effectiveness.

adrenal glands
Triangular glands, which cover the top of each kidney. The glands produce adrenaline and some other hormones.

advanced cancer
Cancer that has spread and/or is unlikely to be cured.

Tissue from a matched donor.

Loss of hair from the head or body. Alopecia often occurs as a result of chemotherapy. Hair lost in this way usually regrows after treatment is completed.

A drug given to stop a person feeling pain. A ‘local’ anaesthetic numbs part of the body; a ‘general’ anaesthetic causes temporary loss of consciousness.

A drug that relieves pain.

The formation of new blood vessels to support tissue. Angiogenesis enables tumours to develop their own blood supply, which helps them to survive and grow.

An x-ray of blood vessels. A dye is injected which makes the blood vessels show up on the x-rays, and any abnormal vessels can be seen.

A drug, for example, penicillin, used to treat infection caused by bacteria or fungi.

Antibodies are proteins made by the blood to destroy or help destroy invaders (antigens) in the body.

A substance that prevents blood clotting.

A drug that helps to control nausea and vomiting.

A drug used to treat or prevent fungal infections.

A substance that causes the immune system to respond. Common antigens include viruses, bacteria, foreign cells, pollen, and dust.

The process in which blood is collected, one or more parts of it removed, and the blood transfused back into the body.

arterial embolism
Blocking an artery to stop the flow of blood, for example to stop a tumour growing.

A blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart.

A slowly progressing lung disease caused by asbestos. It is not cancer.

A build-up of fluid in the abdomen, making it swollen and bloated, which can be caused by the presence of cancer within the abdominal cavity.

Removing fluid from the body with a needle and syringe.

The wasting away of an organs and tissues.

atypical ductal hypertrophy (ADH)
A non-cancerous condition of the cells in the lining of the milk ducts in the breast. Cells have abnormal features and are increased in number.

Tissue from oneself.

axilla (adj. axillary/ axillary lymph nodes)
Armpit. Axillary lymph nodes are located in and near the armpit.

axillary dissection
Removal of some lymph nodes in the armpit, to check whether cancer has spread.

bacteria (sing. bacterium)
Single-cell microorganisms which live in soil, water, air, plants, animals and humans. Many do not harm us, and some are helpful. But some cause disease by producing poisons.

barium enema
Barium sulphate is passed into the lower bowel through the anus. X-rays are then taken and the barium clearly outlines the bowel, showing up any abnormalities.

basal cell carcinoma (BCC)
Cancer affecting basal cells of the skin.

Bacillus Calmette-Guerin, a bacterium similar to the one responsible for tuberculosis, which is used to treat some bladder cancers.

Not cancerous. Benign cells do not spread like cancer cells.

benign fibrocystic changes
Non-cancerous changes within the breast that can cause lumpiness, thickening or tenderness.

benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
A non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland.

In clinical trials, means human choices or other factors beside the treatments being tested can affect a study’s results. Clinical trials use many methods to avoid bias, because biased results may not be correct.

bilateral salpingo oophorectomy
Surgical removal of both ovaries and Fallopian tubes.

A fluid made in the liver and stored in the gall bladder. Also known as ‘gall’. It helps the digestion of fats.

bile duct
The duct through which bile from the liver passes to the duodenum.

The removal of a small sample of tissue from the body for examination under a microscope to help diagnose a disease.

Drugs that help to make weak bones stronger and less likely to break and treat the pain caused by some bone cancers.

bladder reconstruction
The surgical creation of a new ‘bladder’ from part of the bowel.

blind study
A method used to prevent bias in treatment studies. In a single blind study, the patient is not told whether he or she is taking the best standard treatment or the new treatment being tested. Only the doctors know. In a double blind study, neither the patient nor the doctor knows.

bone marrow
The soft, spongy tissue in the centre of your large bones that produces white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets.

bone marrow biopsy
The removal of a small amount of bone marrow for examination under the microscope.

bone marrow transplantation
see stem cell transplantation.

bone scan
Images that can show cancers, other abnormalities and infection in bone. When a mildly radioactive substance is injected, cancerous areas in the bone show up on pictures taken with a special camera. Most of the radioactive material is gone from the body within a few hours.

A form of radiotherapy where the radiation source is placed in the area being treated.

breast implant
A silicone gel-filled or saline-filled sac placed under the chest muscle to restore breast shape.

breast reconstruction
The surgical rebuilding of a breast after mastectomy (removal of the breast). This may be done at the time of the original mastectomy operation or some time later.

The tiny tubes that carry air to the outer parts of the lungs.

bronchiolo-alveolar cell carcinoma
A type of lung cancer which begins in the bronchioles.

An examination in which a tube is passed through the nose or mouth into the lungs to look for disease and sample tissue, if necessary.

bronchus (pl. bronchi)
Any of the larger tubes that carry air in the lungs.

CA 125
A substance sometimes produced by a tumour. The level of this ‘tumour marker’ in the blood can show whether a treatment is working.

Small deposits of calcium seen as dots on a mammogram.

carcinogen (adj. carcinogenic)
Any substance that can cause cancer.

Cancer that starts in epithelial tissue, that is, the tissue that forms the base of the skin and the lining of the body’s inner surfaces (lungs, bowel, reproductive organs, etc).

carcinoma in situ
Cancer that involves only the cells in which it began and has not spread to nearby tissues.

A flexible tube inserted into a narrow opening so that fluids can be introduced or removed.

Destroying tissue by burning.

The ‘building blocks’ of the body. A human is made of millions of cells, which are adapted for different functions.

central line
A catheter placed into a vein in the chest. Also called a venous access device.

central nervous system (CNS)
The brain and spinal cord.

Of either the neck or the cervix, the ‘neck’ of the uterus.

cervical smear
see Pap Test.

The lower part of the uterus that extends into the vagina.

A combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy.

Describes an illness that continues over a long time, with slow changes.

chronic lymphoid leukaemia (CLL)
A leukaemia that affects the lymphocytes. Develops more slowly than acute lymphoid leukaemia.

clinical trial
Research studies that involve people. Each study tries to answer scientific questions and find better ways to prevent or treat disease.

A test to examine the bowel. A long, slim, flexible tube, with a light attached, is inserted through the anus and examines the bowel.

colorectal cancer
A cancer that starts on the inside wall of the bowel, usually affecting the colon or rectum (large bowel).

An opening into the colon from the outside of the body. A colostomy provides a new path for waste material to leave the body after the colon has been removed.

The examination of the vagina and cervix with a magnifying instrument, called a colposcope, to check these tissues for abnormal cells.

Existing from birth. Congenital diseases or deformities may have been contracted in the womb or may have been passed on genetically by either or both parents.

control group
In a clinical trial, the group of people that receives the best standard treatment for their cancer.

core needle biopsy
Removal of tiny pieces of tissue using a needle, under local anaesthetic, so the tissue may be examined under a microscope.

A type of surgery to the skull where pieces of bone are removed so the surgeon may gain access to the brain. The pieces of bone are not replaced.

The surgical removal of a portion of the skull.

CT scan
The technique for constructing pictures from cross-sections of the body, by x-raying the part of the body to be examined from many angles.

An abnormal sac or closed cavity in the body filled with liquid or semi-solid material.

Surgical removal of the bladder.

An instrument that allows the doctor to see inside the bladder. It also allows removal of tissue samples or small tumours. Cystoscopy is the name for this procedure.

cytotoxic drugs
Drugs that damage or destroy cells. Cytotoxic drugs are used in chemotherapy, to treat cancer.

Describes the discovery of an abnormality or disease in the body. ‘Early detection’ is the discovery of an abnormality at an early stage when it is more likely to be cured.

The identification and naming of a person’s disease.

digestive system
The organs that are responsible for getting food into and out of the body and for making use of food to keep the body healthy. These include the stomach, liver, gall bladder, pancreas, small bowel, colon and rectum.

digital rectal examination (DRE)
A way to diagnose prostate abnormalities: the doctor places a gloved finger into your rectum and feels the prostate through the rectum wall.

A substance that increases the volume of urine produced.

In tissue transplantation, the person giving tissue or organ for transplanting. The person receiving it is the host.

A small tube in the body, usually one that carries the substances secreted from glands.

ductal carcinoma
The most common type of breast cancer, beginning in the cells that line the milk ducts in the breast. Also called intraductal carcinoma.

ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS)
Abnormal cells in the breast ducts, which over time could develop into breast cancer.

The first part of the small bowel. It receives bile from the gall bladder and pancreatic juice from the pancreas.

An alteration in size, shape and arrangement of normal cells. Dysplastic cells are abnormal but are not cancerous. They may progress into cancer.

dysplasic moles
A mole whose appearance is different from that of a normal mole.

early prostate cancer
Also known as localised prostate cancer. Cancer which is confined to the prostate, and has not started to spread.

The use of electrodes, which are devices (like wires) that conduct electricity, to remove diseased tissue, like tumours.

endocrine tissue
Tissue that secretes hormones

A doctor specialising in the diagnosis and treatment of hormone disorders.

endometrial cancer
see uterine cancer.

Glandular lining of the inside of the uterus that is stimulated by the hormones oestrogen and progesterone and shed each month as the ‘period’.

Using a thin, lighted tube, inserted into a body opening, to look at tissues inside the body. [Many endoscopes can also be used to take a sample of tissue for biopsy, or to remove small growths.

endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography (ERCP)
A procedure using an endoscope which allows the doctor to see the pancreas and bile duct. Some dye is injected into these organs so that they will show up on x-ray pictures.

When transplanted bone marrow begins to produce red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets.

Cutting out tissue, an organ or a tumour from the body.

Refers to the process of secreting outwardly through a duct to the surface of an organ or tissue. The exocrine pancreas is the tissue that secretes enzymes which help digest food.

false positive
A test result that wrongly indicates that a particular disease or condition is present.

Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP)
A hereditary condition that causes hundreds of small growths (polyps) in the bowel of the person affected. If left untreated, FAP always turns into bowel cancer.

A solid, benign lump (not a cancer).

fibrocytic breast disease
see benign fibrocystic changes.

A benign tumour (not a cancer) that forms in connective tissue.

A malignant tumour (a cancer) that starts in connective tissue.

fine needle biopsy
A procedure in which a fine needle is used to suck up a few cells from a tumour, for biopsy.

frozen section
A sample of fresh tissue is quickly frozen until it is hard enough to cut into sections. These can be stained so that a rapid diagnosis can be made, for example, while a patient is under anaesthetic.

gamma rays
A form of radiation, different from x-rays. Gamma rays are commonly used in radiotherapy and also in some radioisotope scans to treat cancer.

A surgical operation that removes all or part of the stomach

An instrument for examining the inside of the stomach. It is a long, hollow tube with a light attached. It can project magnified pictures of the inside of the stomach, and instruments can be inserted through the tube, if needed.

The tiny factors that control the way the body’s cells grow and behave. Each person has a set of many thousands of genes inherited from both parents. Genes are found in every cell of the body.

gland (adj. glandular)
An organ or group of cells that makes certain fluids (hormones, saliva, sweat) that are used in the body or excreted.

gleason score
A system for grading prostate cancer tumours according to size and severity, depending on how the tumour cells look under a microscope.

A type of malignant brain tumour.

Any tumour that starts in the connective tissue (the glia) of the nervous system.

Healthy tissue taken from one part of the body to replace diseased or injured tissue. The transplantation may come from one part of a person’s body to another, or from another person.

granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF)
A substance that stimulates the growth and maturation of granulocytes, a type of white blood cell.

growth factor
A substance that stimulates cells to reproduce and rapidly multiply.

The branch of medicine that studies the blood. A doctor specialising in diseases of the blood is called a haematologist.

blood in the urine.

heliobacter pylor
A bacteria that causes inflammation and ulcers in the stomach.

hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC)
A condition in some families where the tendency to develop bowel cancer is inherited. About 1% of all bowel cancer is due to HNPCC.

The study cells and tissues using a microscope.

hormone (adj. hormonal)
A substance made by a gland, which helps to regulate and coordinate growth, metabolism and reproduction. Carried in the bloodstream.

hormone receptors
I ndicators on the surface of some cancer cells that suggest the cancer depends on hormones to help it grow, and it may thus respond to hormone therapy: see oestrogen receptor test, progesterone receptor test.

hormone therapy
Treatment that changes hormone levels.

In tissue transplantation, the person receiving a transplanted tissue or organ.

A building up of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain.

An abnormally high level of calcium in the blood.

The increased production of normal cells in a part of the body.

1. Greatly increased body temperature. 2. The use of heat to kill cancer cells.

The surgical removal of the uterus and the cervix.

ileal conduit
A small ‘pouch’ created from a piece of the bowel to hold urine. It takes the place of the bladder. A stoma allows urine collected in the ileal conduit to flow into a bag.

Similar to a colostomy, but the operation brings part of the small bowel to an opening in the abdomen.

The lowest of the three parts of the small bowel.

immune system
A complex network of cells and organs that defends the body against attacks by ‘foreign’ invaders, like infection. It recognises the difference between normal cells and cancer cells and ‘fights’ cancer cells.

Weakening of the immune system, caused by some diseases and treatments.

Medically-induced or disease-related suppression of the immune system.

Loss of bladder or bowel control.

inflammatory carcinoma
A type of breast cancer that usually presents with a noticeable warmth and reddening of the breast skin. There may also be puckering of the skin and swelling of the breast.

informed consent
The process is which a person learns key facts about a clinical trial or research study or medical procedure and then agrees voluntarily to take part or decides against it. This process includes signing a form that describes the benefits and risks that may occur if the person decides to take part.

A slow injection of a substance into a vein or other tissue.

Substances produced by the body that can help the immune system fight cancer. Interferons can also slow the growth of cancer cells or make them act like normal cells. These substances can be made in a laboratory and used in immunotherapy.

Substances produced by the body that can help the immune system to fight cancer. Interleukins stimulate the growth of the white blood cells that can kill cancer cells. These substances can be made in a laboratory and used in immunotherapy.

internal radiation
A form of radiotherapy, where radiation in sealed applicators is put into the body at or near the cancer.

intraductal carcinoma
The most common type of breast cancer, begins in the cells that line the milk ducts in the breast. Also called ductal carcinoma.

intravenous (IV)
Into a vein. An intravenous drip gives fluids and/or drugs directly into a vein.

intravesical chemotherapy
Chemotherapy in a fluid, which is put into the bladder through a tube into the urethra.

invasive cancer
A cancer that has started to invade the tissues surrounding it.

The use of radiation in the treatment of disease.

see intravenous.

A disease caused by increased amounts of bile in the blood. This causes the skin and the whites of the eyes to turn yellow. It also causes tiredness and loss of appetite.

One of three portions of the small bowel, below the duodenum and leading into the ileum.

Operation in which a long cut is made in the abdomen to examine the internal organs; also sometimes called an exploratory operation.

large cell carcinoma
A type of lung cancer that usually develops in the airways and is characterised by large rounded cells.

laryngeal carcinoma
Cancer of the larynx.

The surgical removal of the larynx or voice box. After a laryngectomy, the person breathes through a tracheostomy, a permanent opening at the base of the neck. In a partial laryngectomy, only part of the larynx is removed.

The voice box, or Adam’s apple, which sits in the front of the neck. It contains the vocal cords. During swallowing, the vocal cords close together to prevent food and saliva entering the windpipe. They also vibrate together to produce voice.

An instrument that produces an intense beam of light used in surgical procedures. It can work on a very small area with great precision without damaging surrounding tissue. It can be used to remove abnormal cells.

laser surgery
Removal of an area of tissue using a device that produces a very thin beam of light in which high energies are concentrated.

Any abnormality in tissue of the body.

leukocyte (or leukocyte)
see white blood cell.

A reduction in the number of white blood cells in the blood.

A cancer that forms in fat cells.

liver scan
Images of the liver that can show abnormalities, including tumours. A radioactive substance is injected, and travels to the liver where it collects, especially in abnormal areas. A special camera can identify these areas.

A surgical operation to remove a lobe.

lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS)
Abnormal cells in the lobes of the breast.

localised prostate cancer
Cancer which has not spread away from the prostate. Also called early prostate cancer.

lumbar puncture
A procedure where a needle is put into the area around the spinal cord and fluid taken for examination under a microscope, or anti-cancer drugs introduced.

The removal of a breast lump and some surrounding tissue, to treat breast cancer.

lung function tests
see pulmonary function tests.

A clear fluid that flows through the lymphatic system and carries cells that help to fight disease and infection.

lymph glands
see lymph nodes.

lymph node dissection
Some lymph nodes near the site of the cancer are removed by surgery and examined to see if they contain cancer cells. Also know as lymphadanectomy.

lymph nodes
Small, bean-shaped structures which form part of the lymphatic system. The lymph nodes filter the lymph to remove bacteria and other harmful agents, such as cancer cells. The lymphatic system is part of the immune system. It is a network of small lymph nodes connected by very thin lymph vessels, which branch into every part of the body.

lymphatic system
The lymphatic system is part of the immune system, which protects the body against ‘invaders’, like bacteria and parasites. The lymphatic system is a network of small lymph nodes connected by very thin lymph vessels, which branch into every part of the body.

A type of white blood cell formed in lymphatic tissue. It is involved in immune reactions.

Swelling caused by a build-up of lymph; this happens when there is insufficient draining in lymphatic vessels or lymph nodes, and can occur following some cancer treatments.

magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
A diagnostic test that uses a combination of magnetism and radio waves to build up detailed cross-section pictures (or images) of part of a person’s body. The test involves lying on a couch inside a metal cylinder (which forms a very large magnet) that is open at both ends. It may take up to one hour to complete, but is completely painless.

Cancerous. A malignant tumour is the same as a cancer. It tends to spread, and eventually causes death if it is not treated.

An x-ray of the breast, which uses low doses of radiation. It can be used to find a cancer in the breast before it can actually be felt (screening mammogram), or to help to diagnose a breast problem (diagnostic mammogram).

The surgical removal of a breast or part of a breast to treat breast cancer. Radical mastectomy is rarely done now. The operation most frequently performed is the modified radical mastectomy in which the entire breast and some lymph nodes in the armpit are removed, but no muscle. In subcutaneous mastectomy the breast tissue is removed but the skin and nipple are left, and can later be used to reconstruct the breast: see breast reconstruction.

The area in the chest cavity between the lungs. It contains the heart and large blood vessels, the oesophagus, the trachea and many lymph nodes.

Cells in the epidermis and elsewhere that produce melanin.

Cancer of the melanocytes. The cancer usually appears on the skin, but may affect the eye and mucous membranes. Excessive exposure to ultraviolet radiation contributes to the development of melanoma.

A slow-growing tumour that arises in the meninges, the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord. Some meningiomas are malignant.

Also known as ‘secondaries’. Tumours or masses of cells that develop when cancer cells break away from the original (primary) cancer and are carried by the lymphatic and blood systems to other parts of the body.

see metastases.

Tiny flecks of calcium that may be present in the breast that will show up on a mammograms. A cluster of microcalcifications suggests that breast cancer may be present.

A term that loosely describes any pigmented (coloured), fleshy growth on the skin.

Sickness, illness.

Monoclonal protein (also known as myeloma protein). A paraprotein, which is a substance produced when plasma cells multiply abnormally, as they do in multiple myeloma. At high levels, it can be detected in the blood and urine. Doctors can monitor paraprotein levels to see if treatments are working.

see magnetic resonance imaging

see stomatitis.

multiple myeloma
Cancer that arises in plasma cells.

A change in the genetic material of a cell. This may occur spontaneously or be caused by something outside the cell (a mutagen).

Of the bone marrow.

see multiple myeloma.

neck dissection
Where the lymph nodes in the neck and some of the surrounding structures (including muscle) are removed.

Surgical removal of a kidney. A partial nephrectomy removes the part of the kidney affected by cancer; a radical nephrectomy also removes the adrenal gland, surrounding fatty tissue and nearby lymph nodes, if they have been affected by cancer.

A new growth of benign or malignant tissue.

A malignant tumour or cancer that occurs in children which starts in immature nerve cells.

A benign tumour of the cells and tissues that cover nerves.

A slow-growing benign tumour (not a cancer) growing from a nerve cell.

A swelling or lump that may be benign or malignant.

Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
Cancer of the lymphatic system.

oat cell carcinoma
see small cell carcinoma.

Swelling caused by an excessive accumulation of fluid in the tissues of the body.

oestrogen receptor test
A test to see if a cancer relies on the hormone oestrogen to grow. If so, may respond to hormone therapy: see hormone receptors. Also called oestrogen receptor assay.

A benign bone tumour (not a cancer); a bony lump or swelling most commonly found in the skull, jaw and limbs.

Cancer of the bone, that most often develops in a leg or arm bone. Also called osteogeneic sarcoma.

ovarian cyst
A swelling containing fluid in the region of the ovary. Most are benign, but a few are cancerous. An ovarian cyst may become quite large (orange or grapefruit sized) before displaying any symptoms or causing discomfort.

palliative treatment
Treatment which aims to promote comfort, relieve symptoms and maximise quality of life, when cure is no longer possible.

Part of the digestive system. It produces insulin, and enzymes which help in digestion.

The partial or total removal of the pancreas by surgery.

pancreatic cancer
Cancer of the pancreas.

pap smear
A test that can detect changes in cervical cells. Some cells are scraped off the cervix and sent to a laboratory for examination under a microscope.

A benign growth (not a cancer) that may occur on the skin or on a mucous membrane. Papillomas may also occur in the bladder and in the milk ducts of the breast. Warts are a type of papilloma.

partial nephrectomy
The surgical removal of part of a kidney.

patient-controlled analgaesia (PCA)
Pain relief that patients can control themselves. The person can press a small device that will deliver a dose of a pain-relief drug through an intravenous drip drip.

peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC)
A catheter that is inserted into a vein in the arm.

peritoneum (adj. peritoneal)
Membrane that lines the wall of the abdomen and covers the organs within it.

PET (position emission topography) scan
A technique that is used to build up clear and detailed pictures of the body. The person is injected with a glucose solution containing a very small amount of radioactive material. The scanner can ‘see’ the radioactive substance. Damaged or cancerous cells show up as areas where the glucose is being used.

The fluid portion of blood in which the blood cells and platelets are suspended.

plasma exchange
A procedure to remove some constituents or elements from the blood, when the paraprotein level is high and interfering with blood circulation.

A process to separate certain cells from the plasma, to treat complications of disease.

Components of blood involved in the blood’s ability to clot.

The removal by surgery of an entire lung.

An abnormal growth, which is usually benign, that grows from a mucous membrane.

A condition that may become a cancer if it is not treated.

primary tumour
A malignant tumour (a cancer) starts in one site of the body where it is known as the primary tumour. At a later stage, cancer cells may break away from it and be carried to other parts of the body, where they may lodge and increase to form secondary tumours or metastases.

An assessment of the possible future course and outcome of a person’s disease.

prostate gland
The gland that sits just below the bladder and opens into the urethra. It produces a fluid that forms part of semen.

Surgical removal of the prostate gland.

prostate-specific antigen (PSA)
A protein normally produced by prostate cells. Tests of PSA levels are used to diagnose prostate cancer.

An artificial replacement for a part of the body, such as an arm, leg, breast, eye, tooth and so on.

A formal, detailed treatment plan used for groups of people with similar medical problems. Doctors follow set treatment protocols so that the results of different types of treatment can be compared, and the natural course of a disease may be better understood.

see prostate-specific antigen.

Of the lungs.

pulmonary function tests
Tests that measure the amount of air moving in and out of the lungs during breathing, and evaluate the person’s ability to get oxygen from the air into the blood. The tests can also indicate whether there is an obstruction in the air passages. Also called lung function tests.

Energy in the form of waves or particles including gamma rays, x-rays and ultraviolet rays. This energy can injure or destroy cells by damaging their genetic material. This ability is ‘harnessed for good’ when it is used in radiotherapy.

radiation oncologist
A doctor who specialises in the use of x-rays and other forms of radiation to treat cancers as well as other conditions.

radical cystectomy
Surgery for people with bladder cancer. For women, the operation removes the bladder and may also remove the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, front of the vagina and urethra. In men, it removes the bladder, prostate gland and urethra.

radical mastectomy
Surgery that removes the whole breast, lymph nodes and the chest muscles under the breast. This was the favoured surgery for breast cancer until a decade or so ago, but is rarely done now.

radical nephrectomy
The main form of treatment for kidney cancer. It removes the diseased kidney and ? if they are also diseased ? the adrenal gland, surrounding fatty tissue and nearby lymph nodes.

radical prostatectomy
An operation that removes the prostate, part of the urethra, a small part of the vas deferens and the seminal vesicles. This is usually done through a cut in the lower abdomen

radical surgery
An operation that removes a tumour plus surrounding tissue and lymph nodes. The term usually refers to extensive surgery aimed at completely curing the disease.

radioactive implant
A radiation source is placed directly into or around a cancer within the body to enable the radiation it gives off to kill the cancer cells. Implants are most commonly used for cancers of the cervix, uterus (womb), breast, mouth, and prostate.

radioactive iodine
Iodine that gives off radiation.

The use of radiation and other imaging technologies to diagnose and treat disease.

The use of high-energy radiation, usually x-rays or gamma rays, to kill cancer cells or injure them so they cannot grow and multiply. Radiotherapy can also harm normal cells, but they are able to repair themselves. Sometimes called radiation therapy.

reconstructive surgery
Surgery to rebuild part of the body that has been altered or removed, for example, by previous surgery.

recurrent/ recurring cancer
A cancer that grows from the cells of a primary cancer which escaped treatment. Recurrent cancer may appear up to twenty years after the primary cancer was treated, depending on the type of cancer.

red blood cells
Blood cells that contain haemoglobin, which carries oxygen in the blood.

regional involvement
The spread of cancer from its original site to nearby areas.

Programs that help restore people to independence and a full, productive life after illness or injury. Rehabilitation may involve physical restoration such as the use of prostheses, physiotherapy, occupational therapy programs and/or speech pathology, counselling and emotional support, and employment retraining.

The return of a disease after a period of improvement or remission.

The decrease or disappearance of signs and symptoms of a disease. A patient is said to be in complete remission when there is no evidence of active disease.

renal cell carcinoma
The most common form of kidney cancer. Cancerous cells develop in the lining of the kidney’s tubules, tiny waste-carrying tubes within the kidney.

renal sarcoma
A rare form of cancer that affects the connective tissues of the kidney.

renal tissue
Kidney tissue.

The surgical removal of part of an organ or another structure.

salivary gland cancer
A cancer of the salivary glands commonly the parotid glands.

A malignant tumour (a cancer) that starts in connective tissue.

Examining and/or testing a large number of people who have no symptoms of a particular disease, to identify anyone who may have that disease. This enables the disease to be treated at an early stage, when cure is more likely. Examples include pap tests to detect precancerous changes of the cervix, and mammography, to screen women for early breast cancers.

secondary tumour
see metastases.

A cancer of the testes.

sentinel node
A lymph node that a tumour drains into through the lymphatic system.

The clear liquid portion of blood that is left if the blood cells, platelets and clotting substances (including fibrinogen) are removed. If the clotting substances are not removed, the clear fluid is called plasma.

side effects
Many drugs (medicines) or treatments may affect the patient in ways other than and in addition to those intended. These are side effects. Some side effects are not a problem, but some are unpleasant, for example, chemotherapy may cause hair loss, radiotherapy and chemotherapy may cause nausea.

Examination of the rectum and first part of the colon using a sigmoidoscope, a long flexible tube with a light at the end that is inserted gently through the anus: see endoscope.

A machine that takes x-rays that help to pinpoint where radiotherapy should be targeted.

skin cancer
The most common form of cancer in Australia . It affects all age groups from adolescence upwards. Skin cancer rates in Australia are higher than anywhere else in the world. There are three main types: basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and melanoma. All start in different parts of the outer layer of skin.

small cell carcinoma
A type of lung cancer that is strongly associated with cigarette smoking. It spreads early and causes few initial symptoms.

smear test
see pap smear.

An organ in the upper part of the abdomen on the left side, below and behind the stomach. The spleen produces lymphocytes, filters blood, stores blood and destroys cells that are ageing. It can mount an immune response to infections in the blood system.

Surgical removal of the spleen.

squamous cell carcinoma
Cancer affecting squamous cells, which cover internal and external surfaces of the body.

Investigations to find out how far a cancer has progressed. This is important in planning the best treatment.

standard treatment
The best treatment currently known for a cancer, based on results of past research.

stem cells
Immature cells from which blood cells evolve, which grow in bone marrow.

stem cell transplantation
Replaces stem cells that have been destroyed by high doses of chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy. The stem cells are replaced after treatment to help the bone marrow recover and continue producing healthy blood cells.

An artificial opening of the bowel, which is brought to the surface of the abdomen.

When the mucous membrane lining the mouth becomes inflamed and ulcers form.

subcutaneous mastectomy
Surgical removal of breast tissue from beneath the skin, in which the skin and nipple remain in place: see mastectomy.

A drug that blocks the effect of oestrogen in cancer cells, for women with oestrogen-receptive and progesterone-receptive cancers.

A disease that cannot be cured and will cause death.

A decrease in the number of platelets in the blood which causes blood to take longer than usual to clot when there is bleeding.

thyroid gland
A gland at the base of the neck. It secretes hormones that control metabolism.

A collection of similar cells.

tissue typing
Tissue typing is done when a bone marrow or organ transplant is being planned. It involves looking at the tissues of both the potential donor and the person receiving the transplant to measure how compatible they are.

total body irradiation
Radiotherapy to the entire body so that, theoretically, all cells in the body receive the same amount (or dose) of radiation.

A surgical operation in which a hole is made at the base of the neck into the windpipe (trachea), in order to create a clear airway.

transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)
A procedure in which an ultrasound probe is inserted into the rectum so that ultrasound scans of the prostate can be made.

transurethral resection (TUR)
Surgery via the urethra to remove blockages in the urinary tract.

A new or abnormal growth of tissue in or on the body.

tumour marker
A substance sometimes produced by a tumour. The level of a tumour marker in the blood can be a useful way to determine whether a treatment is working.

An operation to create an opening from inside the body to the outside, making a new way to pass urine.

vaginal cancer
Cancer of the vagina. It is uncommon, but is sometimes found in women whose mothers took the drug diethylstilboestrol (DES) during pregnancy.

venous access device (VAD)
A catheter placed into a vein for the duration of treatment. Drugs can be delivered through the VAD, and blood withdrawn.

white blood cells
Also known as leucocytes. The white blood cells play a major role in defending the body against infection.

Wilms’ tumour
A rare cancer that affects children. It can arise anywhere in the kidneys and can spread to the bowel and liver. It is one of the most curable of childhood cancers.

Women’s Cancer Detection Centre

The NCSM Women’s Cancer Detection Centre is a one stop cancer screening centre for women of all ages.

Aware of the rising incidences of breast cancer amongst younger Malaysian women, NCSM established the first Mammography Centre in the country and Southeast Asia region in 1985. It is the 1st private centre that has a full field digital mammogram in the country.

Services include digital mammography, ultrasound, pap smear, bone density tests, and supportive services such as counseling, breast prosthesis fittings and teaching of breast self examination.

How We Help Our Visitors

  • Our services are exclusively for women’s cancers, especially for detection of breast and gynaecological cancers.
  • Our waiting time is shorter as we are using digital machines that do not require development of films.
  • Our digital machines provide accurate and clear digital images for both large and small breasted women. This could lead to an even earlier detection of breast cancers.
  • Our team of qualified and experienced radiologists and female medical personnel are warm and personable and treat our patients with utmost confidentiality and care.
  • As a non-profit organisation, our services are highly subsidised, enabling more women to have a chance to undergo screenings. Charges are waived* for women in the low income status (*terms & condition apply). A sponsored screening programme is carried out once a month.
  • The centre also offers health screening packages for corporate organisations. Please call us for more information.

Our Services

Screening types available:

  1. Breast Screening
    • 2D Mammogram
    • 3D Mammogram
    • Breast ultrasound
  2. Gynaecological screening, especially for cervical cancer and ovarian cancer
    • Normal pap smear or thin prep pap smear
    • Abdominal and pelvic ultrasound
    • Blood test CA125
    • Vaccination
  3. Abdomen and Pelvis Screening
    • Abdominal and pelvic ultrasound
    • Bone density test
  4. Thyroid Screening
    • Thyroid ultrasound
    • Blood test
  5. Prostate Screening
    • Prostate specific antigen
    • Abdominal and prostate ultrasound
  6. Others
    • General blood test (including tests for cholesterol and diabetes)
    • Bone density test
    • Teaching of Breast Self Examination
    • Breast Prosthesis fitting for patients who have undergone mastectomy.


2D Digital mammogram RM150

3D Digital mammogram RM 200

(Additional Ultrasound = RM70)

(Normal Pap Smear is inclusive)

  1. Ultrasound for:
    Breast (including breast examination) : RM100
    Thyroid: RM60
    Abdomen: RM80
    Pelvis: RM80
    Combined Abdomen and Pelvis: RM120
  2. Pap Smear:
    • Normal: RM30
    • Thin Prep: RM50
    • HPV DNA: RM200
  3. Prostate specific antigen: RM50
  4. ECG: RM50
  5. Blood Test CA125 to check tumour marker: RM40
  6. Blood Test: RM120
  7. Bone Density Test (Ulna / Radius) to check for Osteoporosis: RM80
  8. General Blood Test Screening (include Diabetes) : RM120
  9. Cervical cancer vaccines
    • Gardasil
      • (given in 3 interval months, at 0, 2 and 6mths)
      • RM 280 per dose OR RM 750 per package (full upfront payment for 3 doses)
    • Cervarix
      • (given in 3 interval months, at 0, 1 and 6mths)
      • RM 200.00 per dose OR RM550 per package (full upfront payment for 3 doses)

* Package applicable for full upfront payment only.
** Pap Smear, Blood & Cytology results will be posted within 2 weeks.
*** We strongly recommend ladies at the age of 35 and above to do baseline mammogram. Women between 40 to 49 years of age are recommended to go for a mammogram every year. Those aged 50 and above are advised to do it once every two years.

How to Make an Appointment

You may Walk-in to the centre or Call us to make an appointment.
Please bring your:

  1. IC or Passport
  2. Referral letter (if any)
  3. Diagnostic history and results (x-ray, CT scans, MRI scans, etc) if any

Encourage and support your female friends to get screened by coming in a group. NCSM runs its monthly sponsored programme for mammograms and pap smears at a group promotion rate.

  • Minimum 10 ladies in a group.
  • Please bring along:
    1. IC or Passport
    2. Referral letter (if any)
    3. Diagnostic history and results (x-ray, CT scans, MRI scans, etc) if any

Kindly call us to make an appointment.

NCSM runs its monthly sponsored programme for mammograms and pap smears for ladies free of charge for women who fit these criteria:

  • Must be 40 years old and above
  • Never done a mammogram before
  • Low income group (household income of RM1,500 and below)

Kindly call us to make an appointment.

Location and Operation Hours
This centre is open from Monday to Friday, 8.30 am till 4.30 pm.

NCSM Women’s Cancer Detection Centre
Ground Floor, No. 66 Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz,
50300 Kuala Lumpur

Tel: +603-2698 7351
Fax : +603-2698 2087


Nuclear Medicine Centre

The NCSM Nuclear Medicine Centre, opened in 1998 is a centre for patients to undergo nuclear medicine imaging.

The centre is also widely recognised as medical specialists from other hospitals refer their patients to this centre for imaging procedures. Imaging assists in providing diagnosis on cancer spread (metastasis) in organs and bones before initiating surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy.

Other scanning services provided include bone scans, renal DTPA, DMSA and thyroid scans.

How We Help Our Patients

  • Our rates are highly subsidised – which means that more patients are able to undergo nuclear imaging tests. At the moment, only six hospitals have this facility and we are the only non-profit centre to provide this service.
  • We have little or no-waiting list policy which allows patients to start treatment immediately, usually on the same day.
  • We are equipped with advanced machines that provide accurate images that will enable doctors to fight the cancer more efficiently.

Our Services

Our nuclear medicine services can be used for:

  1. Oncologic Applications:
    • Tumor Localisation
    • Tumor Staging
    • Identify Metastatic Sites
    • Judge Response to Therapy
  2. Orthopedic Applications:
    • Identify Occult Bone Trauma (Sports Injuries)
    • Diagnose Osteomyelitis
    • Evaluate Arthritic Changes and Extent
    • Localise Sites for Tumor Biopsy
    • Measure Extent of Certain Tumors
  3. Renal Applications:
    • Detect Urinary Tract Obstruction
    • Diagnose Renovascular Hypertension
    • Measure Differential Renal Function
    • Detect Renal Transplant Rejection
    • Detect Pyelonephritis
    • Detect Renal Scars
  4. Other Applications:
    • Diagnose and Treat Hyperthyroidism (Graves’ Disease)
    • Detect Acute Cholecystitis
    • Chronic Biliary Tract Disfunction
    • Detect Acute Gastrointestinal Bleeding
    • Detect Testicular Torsion
    • Detect Occult Infections


  1. Bone Scan (total body): RM500
  2. Renal DTPA Function Study: RM500
  3. Renal DMSA Scan: RM500
  4. Meckel’s Diverticulum: RM300
  5. Thyroid Scan: RM200

How To Make An Appointment

Call us to make an appointment.

Please bring your:

  • IC or Passport
  • Referral letter
  • Diagnostic history and results (x-ray, CT scans, MRI scans, etc.).

Location and Operation Hours

This centre is open from Monday to Friday, 8.30 am till 4.30 pm.

NCSM Nuclear Medicine Centre
Ground Floor, No. 66 Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz,
50300 Kuala Lumpur

Tel: +603-2698 1053


Resource & Wellness Centre

The NCSM Resource & Wellness Centre is a one-stop cancer information centre.

Through education, we seek to help cancer patients, family members or caregivers with life affirming strategies and living well to cope better with the situation.

Opening its doors in 2003, it is a place with a relaxed and friendly environment so that cancer patients and caregivers can find information or attend counseling sessions in comfort.

How We Help Our Visitors

  • We have a well-stocked library with books related to cancer and an IT corner with Internet accessibility, bringing information closer to people.
  • Our friendly medical staff can explain your diagnosis in a non-clinical setting and advise on questions you can ask your doctor. We also have a counselor to provide user friendly information on mainstream medicine, complementary treatments and new developments in cancer.
  • Our warm and cosy lounge area enables visitors a place to relax, chat or do research. Patients waiting for their turn at the Nuclear Medicine Centre can also wait at the lounge area.

Our Services

Counselling & Support
Counselling can benefit individuals coping with a cancer diagnosis. Our trained counselors can assist in identifying strategies to manage fear, confusion or other related conflicts and problems. Peer counseling is also available and all sessions are carried out in confidentiality.

Research has proven that support groups help greatly during life crises. These groups can lead one to discover their inner selves, finding new resources, provide better ways of coping and make friends in similar situations who are able to understand. Newly diagnosed patients, survivors and caregivers can find a support group that they feel comfortable in.

Our nutritionist provides advice on healthy eating for managing cancer. She can also help patients manage their diets pre, during and post treatment as well as guide patients in choosing suitable alternative nutrition therapies.

We also have trained personnel to teach patients how to manage their breast prosthesis fittings.

Education & Activities
Drawing upon the knowledge of local and foreign experts, public forums are frequently held at the Centre. Our experts will discuss topics like cancer prevention, management, nutrition, overall wellness, exercise and the latest treatments. Staff at the centre also conduct talks at schools, tertiary institutions, corporations and other locations, as requested.

To empower people to better manage life with cancer, we hold activities that encourage some form of accomplishment. Activities such as cooking, craftwork, dancing, singing, computer classes, physical fitness and lifestyle changes programmes are held regularly.

Wellness Classes
Complementary therapies can help in stress and pain management. Our trained professionals are on hand to educate on therapies, which may include:

  • Massage & aromatherapy
  • Meditation & relaxation
  • Yoga
  • Qigong
  • Reiki
  • Reflexology

For full list of NCSM’s Wellness Classes, click here > NCSM’s Wellness Classes 2011

Please call the Resource & Wellness Centre for further enquiries / to make an appointment.

Cancer Resource
The library is equipped with books and materials related to cancer. Computers with Internet accessibility are also available for use.

Location and Operation Hours
The Centre is open from Monday to Friday, 8.30am till 4.30pm.

NCSM Resource & Wellness Centre
1st Floor, No. 66 Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz,
50300 Kuala Lumpur

Tel: 03- 2698 7300
Fax: 03–2698 4300


Children’s Home of Hope

The NCSM Children’s Home of Hope provides accommodation for children with cancer.

Established in 1997, at the request of the Paediatric Department, Hospital Kuala Lumpur, this "home away from home” offers children a comfortable place to stay with their caregiver while undergoing cancer treatment at nearby hospitals. The family will be provided a room with a bed, wardrobe and air-conditioning; some rooms have attached bathrooms. The home has a common kitchen, a tv room, a playroom and a washing room equipped with washing machines.

How We Help Our Patients

  • By charging a minimal rate, we enable more patients, especially the underprivileged and those from outstation to feel more comfortable and relaxed during their time of treatment, instead of being in a hospital environment all the time. Being a non-profit organisation, we are highly subsidised by the generous donation and support from the public.
  • We are centrally located in Kuala Lumpur. The Home is of walking distance for patients and their caregivers to do follow up treatment at the Paediatric Department of Hospital Kuala Lumpur. It is also easily accessible by taxi or bus.
  • The Home is run by a trained paediatric nurse who is very knowledgeable on the needs of oncology patients.

Our Services

The Home has a total of 7 Rooms:

  1. Five (5) Standard Rooms which can accommodate 2 to 3 people. Patients can utilise the communal bathroom.
  2. Two (2) En-suite Rooms for patients with special needs (e.g. bone marrow transplant). It has an attached bathroom.

All rooms are equipped with air-conditioning and families can enjoy the comforts of home including cooking and washing facilities.


Rates may range from RM10 – RM5 per day, depending on length of stay and family welfare.

The Home receives approximately 10 – 15 patients a month, who stay at varying lengths of time. The average duration of stay is 1 week for general patients, and 1 month to 6 weeks for bone marrow patients.

How To Make An Appointment

We only accept children cases referred from the Paediatric Department of Hospital Kuala Lumpur or any other government hospitals or clinics.

Please bring your:

  • IC or Passport
  • Referral letter

Location and Operation Hours

This centre is open 24 hours from Monday to Sunday.

NCSM Children’s Home of Hope
4th Floor, No. 66 Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz,
50300 Kuala Lumpur

Tel: + 603-26981676



Support Group Programmes

NCSM Resource & Wellness Centre offers a range of cancer support services to newly diagnosed patients, survivors and caregivers. Listed below is a schedule of our programmes which are free of charge conducted by qualified volunteers. (Your kind donations whether in cash, kind or time are most welcome..)


Male Support Group
Prostate cancer patients and survivors meet up once in 2 months on the 3rd Thursday at 2pm.

Pink Unity
The women’s cancer support group meet up once a month every Saturday, 10am-1pm to share their experiences and do some group activties like beading, dancing, cooking, etc. Please call to confirm attendance to join the support group.

WELLNESS CLASSES (available every day of the week)


Universal energy flows through all of us but at times this flow of energy can become blocked during periods of stress and illness. Reiki, an immensely simple yet powerful method of healing can remove these blockages and restore the flow of energy around the body. Qualified Reiki Master, Christopher John offers his services every Monday morning. By appointment.


Gua Sha Massage (Facial Massage)
Ancient traditional Chinese treatment designed to correct stagnation and promote free flow of qi throughout the body. Applied on the face, it is an effective way to rejuvenate skin and stimulate muscle movement through improved blood flow. Qualified beauty therapist, Chiali Rousmaniere, takes appointments every Tuesday. By appointment.

Physiotherapy & Post Mastectomy Exercise Classes
Physiotherapist, Margaret Durrant, will assist patients and caregivers with exercises and therapeutic massages to improve mobility and minimize inflammation related to cancer surgery. She will also teach some arm and hand exercises every Tuesday, 11am-1pm. By appointment.


Aromatherapy Massage
Natural way to help patients cope with chronic pain, depression and stress and help produce a sense of wellbeing. Fragrances from different oils used in the massages help alter mood and improve health. Qualified aromatherapist, Tatiana offers soothing massage sessions on Wednesdays and Thursdays. By appointment.


Aromatherapy Massage
As above. By appointment.


The asanas (poses) are designed to ease tensed muscles, tone internal organs and improve flexibility of body joints and ligaments based on the belief that the body and breath are connected to the mind. Classes are held every Saturday, 8am-10am conducted by the Carol Chew of the Malaysian Yoga Society.


The type of qigong taught is Zhi Nen Qigong, which involves exercises and movements designed to conserve and build life energy (qi). Classes are held every Sunday, 10am-12:30pm led by Master Yap Kien Eng.

Line Dancing
Dance your way to good health! Dancing, as a form of exercise, energizes your spirit and promotes a healthy wellbeing both physically and emotionally. Every 2nd and 4th Sunday of each month (commencing March 2011) conducted by Siew Fune, dance lover and cancer survivor.


Far Infrared (FIR) Sauna Cabin
Just sit in the cabin for 30 minutes to rid your body of toxins through sweating. The FIR rays penetrates into your skin causing blood vessels to dilate, thus promoting better blood circulation. Available every day during office hours. By appointment.

Dietary Advice
Our qualified dietitians, June Liew and Shamela D., will discuss dietary plans and tips for patients before, during and post treatment(s). By appointment.

For further details/appointments, please contact the NCSM Resource and Wellness Centre at:
Tel: 03-2698 7300 or

Palliative Care

Palliative care combines treatment, nursing, occupational therapy and / or physiotherapy for people with advanced cancer. While it does not cure one’s cancer, palliative care helps in coping with symptoms of cancer as well as with practical problems of daily life. It can also involve spiritual care and support of relatives and other carers. Palliative care considers:

  • Providing relief from pain and other uncomfortable symptoms
  • Can be provided in home, hospital or a hospice setting
  • Not prolonging treatment when it is no longer beneficial
  • Not ending a life deliberately
  • Supporting families and friends during one’s illness and bereavement

How palliative care works:

  • You may choose the worker involved and how often they visit
  • The visits depend on how you feel, what problems you experience and how your own carers are managing
  • Palliative services are most likely to coordinate your needs with your doctor and nurses from the hospital, instead of talking over all the care and treatment decisions
  • Among the areas palliative care would take note of include:
    • physical – it is common to feel pain, tiredness, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, breathlessness and insomnia. Most of these symptoms can be managed with medications. Other methods could be nutrition therapy or physical therapy.
    • practical – you may be able to ask your palliative care team to help you coordinate services such as financial advise, legal matters, insurance, employment issues and other related matters.
    • emotional – cancer and treatment can be overwhelming. Depression, anxiety and fear can occur in the patient and family member. Counseling and support groups may be suggested.
    • spiritual: cancer could increase one’s faith or cause one to question it. There are expert who can help you explore your beliefs and values so you can reach a point of acceptance and find peace.

Family members can also receive palliative care as they could be overwhelmed by how the diagnosis has changed your life and theirs. They may need to adjust their lifestyle to care for you, yet they have other responsibilities. Sometimes the stress of not understanding the disease or not being able to help much causes them to worry or fear. Palliative care is able to help families and friends cope with how cancer directly or indirectly affected them.

  • A place providing day care and long-term residential palliative care services
  • Usually equipped with hospital facilities but in a homelike atmosphere
  • Helps bring pain or other symptoms under control
  • Some cancer patients may check into a hospice care so their caregiver can take a break
  • Some patients may go into hospice to spend their last weeks in a suitable environment

Some people continue to have treatment even if it only offers a small chance of recovery while others may choose to have symptom management to maintain a better quality of life. What does quality of life mean to you? Would chemotherapy be an option if it gives you 2 good weeks every month? Or would you like to spend your time doing things you enjoy without effects that treatment brings?

There are individuals who find that treatment makes them feel sick, especially when a cure is unlikely. If you are considering stopping treatment, ask yourself, Are you feeling bad from the side effects of treatment or from advancing disease or emotionally? Some of these can be treated.

Discuss with your doctor, a counselor or a social worker who can help you weigh your options before you make a final decision.


  1. Cancer Council NSW.
  2. National Cancer Institute.

A caregiver may be a family member, relative, friend or neighbour who provides any form of assistance to a person going through cancer. It is usually not a straightforward progression in becoming a caregiver. You may even feel forced and pressured into taking up the role, have conflicting demands (family or career) or do not really feel close to the person you will be caring for.

Caring can be challenging and when you assume the responsibility, you may need time to adjust to your new role and lifestyle. It is quite natural to have strong emotions; feeling confused and stress is common. You may think the only way to cope is to put aside your own feelings and needs but it will be hard to maintain, and your health may be affected. As a caregiver you have an important role, and you must be healthy and well to perform at your best. A caregiver needs to care for themselves too.

Taking responsibility to care for someone is not an easy task and many caregivers experience strong emotions. It is normal, and acknowledging those feelings and working through them helps you carry out your caregiving commitment better. You may, or may not, go through some of these feelings:


  • Of not knowing much about the cancer, treatment or doctors
  • Of being responsible for giving medications
  • Of feeling things are out of control
  • Of not knowing how unwell the patient is feeling
  • Of the possibility the person being cared dying

Anger and frustration

  • Towards the extra responsibilities
  • At cancer for interrupting plans
  • At lack of time for personal activities
  • At family and friends for not contributing more help
  • At the patient who do not seem to appreciate your sacrifices and hard work

Being a caregiver may result in less time to socialise and do things that you enjoy. Others may think you have too much to do and visit less or they find difficulty in dealing with someone with cancer. You would likely feel that nobody understands the isolation you are experiencing. Here are some ways to help you overcome loneliness:

  • Maintain contact with family and friends
  • Contact at least someone daily
  • Be open to asking for help; in a way you won’t be alone in doing everything


  • For feeling angry
  • For being well while the person you care for is sick
  • For not doing better as a caregiver
  • For wanting a break from caring

About one in four carers are found to be experiencing depression, which can significantly affect your life. Some symptoms of depression may include:

  • Sadness or emptiness
  • Loss of interest in activities
  • Loss of appetite or weight
  • Sleep problems
  • Continuous fatigue
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Restlessness, worthlessness or guilt

Ways to deal with depression:

  • Try to do something you enjoy every day
  • Get out of bed as soon as you wake up, don’t lie in bed
  • Catch up with people by phone or in person
  • Try exercising at least 30 minutes a day
  • If necessary, seek professional help from a counsellor or doctor

Being a caregiver can be a stressful responsibility, which usually shows up in headaches, trouble sleeping, high blood pressure and some heart problems. A stressed caregiver may also feel tired, unwell and overly sensitive. Here are some ways to cope with stress:

  • Recognise signs of stress and find ways to manage it
  • Try meditating, reading, listening to music
  • Exercise regularly, if possible
  • Make sure you get enough rest
  • Keeping a diary may be helpful to acknowledge your feelings and release worries/frustrations
  • Accept that it is alright to make mistakes and try again
  • Schedule "quiet time” for yourself. The stress of everyday life can be compounded for family caregivers. You deserve to take some quality time for yourself – schedule a "day-off,” quiet time at home or a day trip to the park.
  • Take charge of your life. It’s easy to become overwhelmed by your loved one’s illness and your new responsibility as a caregiver, but be sure to care for yourself and enjoy time spent with other family members.
  • Don’t be afraid to ask for or accept help. Call on family, friends and health care professionals to support you whenever you need it. Talk about issues that concern you, and suggest specific tasks or projects that they can do to help you.
  • Get organized. Create lists – caregiving tasks, chores and household or family duties – to organize your day. You also can make a list of worries to share with someone to clear your head and get their feedback.
  • Learn, learn, learn. Make sure you are educated about your loved one’s illness – knowledge is empowering. Call us (03-2698 7300), visit us or even email us( at the NCSM Resource & Wellness Centre.
  • Make time to enjoy the pleasures of the season. Go for a walk in the park, visit the beach, attend a concert, go out for a holiday dinner or take a day to go shopping with a friend. The holidays, while stressful at times, are also full of opportunities for diversion and relaxation.
  • Talk about your feelings. Don’t be afraid to openly acknowledge your caregiving situation or discuss your feelings with family and friends. With proper support and education, caregiving can actually bring families closer together.

How I’d Like to Help. . .

  • Gather medical information about treatment options
  • Accompany to doctor appointments
  • Take notes during doctor appointments
  • Contribute to medical decisions
  • Keep loved ones informed
  • Promote a healthy diet
  • Encourage appropriate exercise
  • Look into safe, complementary therapy
  • Help with chores (or find helpers)
  • Organize and deal with medical bills
  • Provide distractions, fun and pleasure
  • Run household errands
  • Encourage open talk about the challenges we face
  • Attend a cancer support group
  • Go to a counselor
  • Deal with wills, living wills, and other legal paperwork

There are many, many books that are useful for cancer caregivers. Here are just a few to get you started.

  1. A Caregivers Survival Guide: How to Stay Healthy When Your Loved One is Sick, by Kay Marshall Strom (Intervarsity Press, 2000).
  2. Caregivers Handbook, edited by Deni Brown (Visiting Nurses Association, 1998).
  3. Caregiving, by Peter S. Houts, PhD and Julia A. Bucher, RN, PhD (American Cancer Society, 2000).
  4. Handbook for Mortals: Guidance for People Facing Serious Illness, by Joanne Lynn, MD and Joan Harrold, MD (Oxford University Press, 1999).
  5. Home Care Guide for Cancer: For Family and Friends Giving Care at Home, edited by Peter S. Houts, PhD (American College of Physicians, 1994).
  6. Share the Care: How to Organize a Group to Care for Someone Who Is Seriously Ill, by Cappy Capossela and Sheila Warnock (Simon & Schuster, 1995).
  7. Who Cares, A Loving Guide for Caregivers, by Dee Marrella (DC Press, 2000).
Ongoing Patients

For many people diagnosed with cancer, a full recovery and a cancer free life may not be possible. The cancer may have been diagnosed at an advanced stage where treatment cannot guarantee recovery or the cancer has returned. The prognosis is extremely difficult to accept and they experience a lot of mixed emotions. However, after some time, many who are in this situation eventually choose to live the best they can, focusing on the things that matter most.

Coming to terms with the news of advanced cancer brings out many emotions, and it would be healthy if you expressed them rather than hide the emotions.

  • Fear of losing control of your life, depending on others or dying. These fears are normal and talking to others may help.
  • Guilty that you caused cancer or did / did not do enough to keep it from coming back. Remember, cancer can happen to anyone. You may feel bad about having to trouble your family to take care of you, yet most family members will be willing to help out.
  • Angry because you already dealt with cancer earlier.
  • Denying that you have cancer or advanced cancer. If denial stops you from getting treatment, it becomes a problem.
  • Sadness or depression. Talking about how you feel can be helpful but if depression becomes more serious, tell your doctor as medication or counseling may help.
  • Loneliness as you feel nobody understands what you are going through or you are unable to join friends for usual activities.


Hope is important, possibly the most important element in living well with cancer. Chances of successful recovery may be slim but hope gives you the spirit to fight on. When you have hope, you are more likely to make positive changes in your lifestyle for better health.At different stages of cancer, you may hope for different things. Sometimes, you may just hope for a good day with friends and family. Or you may hope to be pain-free. Some people find hope in doing something they always wanted. Hope can also be related to religious beliefs although it may be hard to explain.

Think Positive

This is most likely to be the most common advice given to people with cancer. While positivity does help in the way you look at life, there is no evidence that positive or negative thinking will influence the outlook of cancer. It is only natural to feel scared, down or lonely when you find out you have to live with cancer. When you are being encouraged to focus on the good, you may end up feeling bad if you express negative feelings. Stopping yourself from acknowledging your true feelings may make coping even harder. Recognising positive or negative feelings does not mean you are losing hope in the journey.

Celebrating Life

People living with advanced cancer often take the opportunity to reflect on their life and all they have accomplished. There are some who want to leave some sort of special item to their family and friends as a memory of themselves – some suggestions may include; putting together a photo album, writing letters, compiling a DVD or others. While there others who take on new challenges or hobbies to simply try out new things and to enjoy the experience. You decide how best you want to lead your life.

Cancer not only changes your life, it has effects on your family and friends as well. Like you, they need time to adjust to the fact and make changes to accommodate you, especially if they are very close to you. It is important that they have adequate information and advice so that they do not feel distressed. There will be some family members or friends who may stay away from you as they are afraid of cancer and how things have changed. Their behaviour can be hurtful, but it is important that you accept that and focus on other people who are beside you through this experience.
People walking alongside you will often offer help but you may find it hard to accept their help all the time. Allow friends to help up to a level you are comfortable with, assure them you appreciate their efforts but you would like to do things on your own sometimes.

Talking to your partner

Your relationship will face some sort of changes because of cancer and studies have found that having a good relationship will benefit both parties throughout the experience. Both of you may have different feelings and attitudes. It is possible to find that as each new event occurs, one of you would be optimistic while the other less hopeful. Some partners will try to protect you and disallow you to do anything on your own, at the same time, some partners will totally ‘tune off’ from what is happening. To find a balance, you may want to work out what you need most from your partner and ask for his / her help. If both of you find difficulty in talking about cancer in your lives, a relationship counselor may be able to help.

Talking to your children

It is understandable that you may not want to let your children know about cancer as it may frighten them. Although younger children may not be able to express themselves, they can sense that something is wrong. If you do not tell them, they could start imagining the worst. Here are some tips to start a conversation with a young child:

  • Listen to the child before you begin, it will give you an idea on how much the child can handle.
  • Explain in simple terms how your situation is like. Communicate feelings as well as facts.
  • Answer their questions honestly and in simple language.
  • Give them feelings of hope, even if things may not be that positive.
  • If possible, explain what will happen next (e.g. treatment, change in routines).
  • Don’t promise anything unless you are sure you can keep it.
  • Try to keep their routine as normal as possible.
  • Your child may become clingy or withdrawn which are normal reactions to deal with their feelings.

Talking to Teenagers

Sometimes parents may think that a teen is able to take care of himself/herself. However, the teen is likely to feel neglected as the family focuses on the sick person. You may notice different behaviour or you cannot understand them. They may be reacting to feelings that are not really aware of, or cannot acknowledge, like anger, guilt or grief. Teenagers react in different ways, from withdrawing to offering to help and assure you of their love.

It is important for teenagers to keep as much of their normal routine as possible. Sometimes this may be hard to manage when you feel unwell. Even if you have a partner, he or she may need to juggle work, caring for you and the family, leaving little time to cater to a teenager’s needs.

  • If you feel upset at your teen’s behaviour, remind yourself that it does not mean that they do not care.
  • Ask them once in a while how they are coping and if they are well informed.
  • It is important to ask if your teen is willing to help with certain duties. Welcome their help but do not expect it.
  • Let them know that although cancer is difficult for them, it also matters that they are around you at times.
  • Provide information or keep them updated but understand that they may not want or need to talk about the cancer.

Talking to Adults

Adults struggle with the news that their parent has cancer. They may feel unable to meet all the needs of their own family, needs at work as well as responsibility to you. At the same time, you may feel discouraged that you are unable to carry on as the head of the family, instead now you need to rely on them. Involving your adult child in decision making or the type of activities you enjoy may help them cope with the situation.

Talking to Parents

Your parents may find it difficult to accept the news that their child has cancer. They feel that it is not natural that they may outlive their children. Sorrow and helplessness will overwhelm them at first as they slowly adjust to the situation. Explaining your condition and giving up-to-date information about treatments may help lessen their fears. You can also try attending a course together about living with cancer.

Talking to Friends

Some people may not have family who are nearby or helpful. In this case, friends are almost always people one can rely on. Some friends are able to listen without complaints, without judging you or without that extra involvement a partner or relative may feel. However, you may find some friends who choose to limit their contact with you to only phone calls or emails. If you feel hurt by them, remember there are still friends who will stand by you.

Advanced cancer usually means a new cycle of treatment, which is most likely different from primary treatment that you had. Although most advanced cancer cannot be cured, some treatments can keep it under control for months or years. In certain cases, treatment is given to control symptoms such as pain. Cancer is looked at as a chronic disease, which can be managed over some time. Types of treatment commonly given can include:


  • Using drugs to kill or slow the growth of cancer cells
  • Given over a few hours or days, followed by a rest period of 2-3 weeks
  • Usually given intravenously or as pills
  • Side effects include nausea, depression, tiredness, hair loss


  • Removal of tumours, affected organs and relieve discomfort caused by tumours that cause bleeding or obstruct organ functions


  • Using x-rays to kill or injure cancer cells to stop them from multiplying
  • Therapy is precisely targeted to the cancer area to prevent harming healthy cells
  • It can shrink tumours or relieve pain from secondary cancer in the bones
  • Side effects include tiredness, skin problems, appetite loss

Hormone therapy

  • Using drugs to surpress the growth of hormones that can cause cancer
  • Commonly given for prostate, breast or uterus cancer
  • Some hormone drugs can promote menopausal symptoms, regardless of age
  • Hormonal drugs that are given if you are past menopause may cause osteoporosis and vaginal dryness
  • For men, hormone therapy can result in hot flushes


  • Restoring physical functions with physiotherapy, prostheses, occupational therapy, speech therapy or emotional support (where necessary)
  • Returning to work is also a form of rehabilitation but if you are unable to work full time anymore, you may want to find other activities to fill up your spare time

We define ‘cancer survivor’ to be one who has been diagnosed with cancer, from the time of diagnosis through the rest of his or her life. You may be uncomfortable with the term ‘survivor’ or feel that it does not apply but it helps some people think about life beyond their cancer.

When treatment is over, you may think the worst is over and it is time to get back to your normal life. However, most survivors realise that the first few months of post-treatment is a time of change. Usually, things don’t "get back to normal” but there is a new "normal” where you are likely to find new meaning in life and look at things differently. Your new "normal” may mean changing in our ways of life (routines, activities, diet and others).

It is extremely important for all survivors to have follow-up care as knowing what to expect post-treatment helps you and people around you make plans or adjust to necessary changes. Some common questions you may have:

  • Should I tell the doctor about symptoms that worry me?
  • Which doctors should I see after treatment?
  • How often should I see my doctor?
  • What tests do I need?
  • What can be done to relieve pain, fatigue, or other problems after treatment?
  • How long will it take for me to recover and feel more like myself?
  • Is there anything I can or should be doing to keep cancer from coming back?
  • Will I have trouble with health insurance?

Your follow-up care will depend on the type of cancer and type of treatment you had, along with the state of your health. Generally, survivors have a check-up every 3 to 4 months during the first 2 to 3 years after treatment, and once or twice a year after that. During check-ups, your doctor will check for side effects from treatment and if the cancer has returned or spread to another part of your body.

Tests that may be performed during check-ups include:

  • Blood tests
  • MRI or CT scans that take detailed pictures of areas inside the body’s at different angles
  • Endoscopy which uses a thin, lighted tube to examine the inside of the body

An open communication with your doctor is crucial as both of you need as much information as possible to manage your care process. For some people, they may choose to have a different doctor for follow-up care from the doctor who provided treatment. If this is your choice, make sure you have a folder containing all the necessary information, which include:

  • When you were diagnosed
  • Type of cancer and its treatment
  • Pathology report(s) describing the type and stage of cancer
  • Places and dates of specific treatment, such as:
    • details of all surgeries
    • sites and total amount of radiation therapy
    • names and doses of chemotherapy drugs and any other drugs
    • key lab reports, x-ray reports, CT scans and MRI reports
  • Lists of symptoms to watch out for and possible long-term effects of treatment
  • Contact information for all health care professionals involved in your treatment and follow-up care
  • Any problems during or after treatment
  • Supportive care you received (special medicines, emotional support and nutritional supplements)

One of the new "normal” as a survivor would be keeping a close watch on your physical abilities or any changes to your body. At each follow-up session, tell your doctor if you are having any unusual difficulty with everyday activities or any new symptoms so that he or she can help you manage them. Some of the issues to be aware of may include:

  • New symptoms
  • Pain that troubles you
  • Problems that affect your daily life such as tiredness, weight gain or loss, trouble sleeping, sexual problems or others
  • Possible effects of medicines, vitamins, herbs or treatment you are using
  • Other health problems such as heart issues, diabetes or arthritis
  • Emotional problems like anxiety or depression, that you may have now or had in the past
  • Changes in your family’s medical history, such as relatives with cancer
  • New information you want to know of, such as new research or side effects

If you experience a new symptom, it does not mean that the cancer has returned. Symptoms can be due to other problems that need to be addressed.

Many people may feel worried or anxious about a follow-up session. Here are some helpful ideas to get the most out of your visit to the doctor:

  • If possible, have someone come with you. A friend or family member can help you think and understand what was said or may be able to think of new questions to ask.
  • List down your questions before seeing your doctor.
  • Take notes or tape-record the answers, if possible.
  • Describe your problem or concern briefly and tell your doctor how this problem makes you feel. Ask the most important questions first, in case your doctor runs out of time.
  • If you feel you need more time, don’t be afraid to ask your doctor for a longer session at the next appointment.
  • Don’t hesitate to ask your doctor to explain and clarify until you are clear about something.
  • Ask your doctor if he or she has any materials you can bring home to read and understand more.

Cancer and its treatments can change the way you feel. No two people experience the same changes, although the cancer and treatment are the same. Even after treatment has ended, some survivors still cope with certain side effects over some time. Among the common effects include:


You may or may not experience pain post-treatment. Types of pain may include:

  • Painful scars from surgery
  • Pain or numbness in the hands and feet because of injured nerves, which could have been damaged by chemotherapy
  • Pain in a missing limb or breast, which doctors have yet to figure out

Tell your doctor about the pain you are experiencing. When describing the pain, you can try these methods:

  • Describe if the pain is sharp, dull, throbbing or steady?
  • Point out exactly where it hurts
  • How long does it last? does it improve or get worse at certain times or when you do certain things?
  • Use a scale of 0-10 to describe how bad the pain is
  • How much does the pain affect your daily life?
  • Tell your doctor about medicines you are taking (for any reason). If you are taking pain relief medications, are they helpful?
  • Do the pain relief medications give you side effects such as constipation, other changes in bowel habits, or feeling groggy?

Keep a record of your pain levels so you can check if it changes over time. It can help you see how you respond to any pain relief medication.

After your doctor assesses your pain levels and he / she will find ways to help you cope using:

  • Pain relief medicines. Usually you will be given low dosages / mildest medicines and work up to stronger ones if necessary. To control pain, do not skip doses or wait until you hurt before taking the medicine. Some people may be afraid of being addicted to these medicines but it rarely happens if you take the correct dose and see your doctor regularly.
  • Physical therapy using heat, cold, massage, pressure and/or exercise may help you feel better
  • Some antidepressant medicines are prescribed to reduce pain or numbness from injured nerves
  • Acupuncture which uses needles at pressure points to reduce pain
  • Braces to limit movement of a painful limb or joint
  • Relaxation skills can help relieve pain or reduce stress
  • Hypnosis, meditation or yoga
  • Nerve blocks or surgery can help if you have persistent pain but may put you at risk for other problems

Fatigue / Tiredness

The most common complaint during the first year post-treatment is fatigue or tiredness. This could be caused by cancer therapy. Fatigue can also be attributed to anaemia (lack of red blood cells), a weak immune system, poor nutrition, lack of liquids and depression. Pain can worsen fatigue.

  • The length of fatigue lasting varies from person to person. You may feel frustrated if it does not go away as soon as you thought it would.
  • Some issues may contribute to your fatigue. Do ask your doctor about:
    • Medicines you are taking or other medical problems that may affect your energy level
    • How to control pain, if you experience any
    • Relaxation exercises or other exercise routine (walking)
    • Changing your diet or drinking more fluids
    • Helpful medicines or nutritional supplements
    • Assistance from physical therapists, occupational therapists, nutritionists or mental health care providers
  • You can cope better with fatigue by making some changes in your daily life:
    • Be active at the time you feel your best.
    • Take breaks or short naps between activities.
    • Try to sleep and wake up at the same time daily.
    • Change your way of doing things to save energy e.g. sit while washing dishes.
    • Don’t be shy to get help. For example, doing the laundry, cooking, running errands.
    • Do what you enjoy but do less especially activities that can tire you.
    • You could join a support group to find more ways to cope with fatigue.

Memory / Concentration Changes

  • One in four survivors experience memory and attention problems after chemotherapy, presented in difficulty finding the right word or remembering new things.
  • Research found that people who had chemotherapy or radiation to the head area have higher risk of experiencing memory problems.
  • Sometimes, these issues may be attributed to other factors. Talk to your doctor if:
    • you are still having memory and thinking problems. You can see a specialist about this.
    • you think a medicine could be the reason or contributing to the problem.
    • you think you have depression or anxiety which can affect attention, concentration and memory.
    • you are going through menopause as memory and concentration problems can be related.
  • If you are experiencing memory and concentration issues, here are some ideas to manage:
    • write down your daily "to-do” list. Plan out the whole day, keeping it simple and realistically achievable
    • put notes or signs around the house to remind you of tasks e.g. throwing out rubbish
    • group longer numbers into chunks e.g. 7227 9923 (seventy-two, twenty-seven, ninety-nine, twenty-three)
    • whisper each step of a task to yourself
    • go over once of few times what you plan to say such as names, dates, events etc.
    • repeat to yourself what you want to remember
    • manage stress as learning how to relax can help you remain calm in stressful moments

Nervous System Changes (Neuropathy)

Your nervous system may be affected by the cancer treatment you had. The problem can if you have conditions like diabetes, kidney failure, alcoholism and malnutrition. Common symptoms of neuropathy:

  • Tingling in the hands or feet, starting with the fingertips and toes
  • Burning, weakness, numbness in the hands and feet
  • Sudden, sharp, stabbing or electric shock sensations
  • Loss of touch sensation
  • Loss of balance or difficulty walking
  • Trouble picking up things or buttoning clothes
  • Hearing loss
  • Jaw pain
  • Constipation
  • Decreased sensitivity to hot and cold

Treatment for neuropathy includes medications, topical creams and pain patches. Other methods may be acupuncture, physical therapy and exercise. Here are some ways to manage neuropathy:

  • To avoid falling, hold onto handrails and put no-slip bath mats in the tub or shower area. If you find difficulty balancing, use a cane or other device to steady yourself.
  • Wear tennis shoes or footwear with rubber soles
  • Be careful when handling knives, scissors and other sharp objects
  • Use thermometer and gloves when you need to check water temperatures

Lymphoedema / Swelling

A part or parts of the body swells due to buildup of lymph fluids. It can be caused by cancer or its treatment and often occurs in the arm, leg, face or neck. Some types of lymphoedema happens right after surgery and do not last long while others occur months or years after cancer treatment and can be painful. Risk of lymphoedema is present in people who have had:

  • Breast cancer – if radiation therapy was done, or underarm lymph nodes removed, or had radiation in the underarm area after removal of lymph nodes.
  • Prostate cancer – if surgery or radiation therapy was done on the whole pelvis.
  • Cancer of the female or male reproductive organs – if surgery was done to remove lymph nodes or radiation therapy was given.
  • Melanoma of the arms or legs – if lymph nodes was removed and / or had radiation therapy.
  • Other cancers that spread to the lower abdominal area- pressure from a growing tumour can cause difficulty for the body to drain fluid

Ways to relieve and manage lymphoedema:

  • Keep your skin clean and use lotion to keep it moist
  • Ask your doctor about exercises to help the body drain lymph fluid and types of exercise that you should avoid
  • Wear special elastic sleeves and clothing that enable lymph fluid to drain
  • Have special massages that can help move the lymph fluid away from where it settled
  • Keep the affected arm or leg raised above the chest for periods of time
  • Avoid having injections in the affected area
  • Eat a well-balanced, protein-rich, low-salt diet
  • Watch the area for signs of swelling or infection
  • Keep the affected area free from cuts, insect bites and sunburn
  • Try not to use affected arm or leg to figure out temperatures such as bath water as you may be less able to feel hot and cold

Mouth or Teeth Problems

Radiation treatment or surgery to the head and neck are prone to cause problems to the teeth and gums. It also affects the soft, moist lining of the mouth, glands that make saliva and jawbones. Some related effects from chemotherapy include:

  • Dry mouth
  • Loss of or change in sense of taste
  • Painful mouth and gums
  • Infections in the mouth
  • Dry mouth
  • Cavities and other tooth problems
  • Jaw stiffness or jawbone changes

Managing mouth or teeth problems:

  • Keep your mouth clean (brush after every meal and before bedtime, use an extra soft toothbrush and a mild fluoride toothpaste)
    • Make it a habit to floss your teeth everyday. If there are areas that bleed or hurt, avoid those spots. If you wear dentures, clean, brush and rinse them after meals.
    • Keep your mouth moist (drink a lot of water, suck on ice chips, chew sugarless gum or suck on sugar-free hard candy)
    • If your mouth is sore, stay away from:
  • Hot and spicy food, acidic food and drinks
  • Sharp, crunchy food like chips that may scrape your mouth
  • Sugary food as they cause cavities
  • All tobacco products and alcoholic drinks
  • Toothpicks as they can cut the mouth

Bladder or Bowel Control Problems

Loss of bowel and / or bladder control is very common after treatment for bladder, prostate, colon, rectal, ovarian or other cancers. Some people still have some control but may need to visit the bathroom more often than usual. At the same time, medication can also cause constipation. If you experience these problems, tell your doctor. He / she can teach you Kegel exercises or prescribe medications that may help.

Weight Loss / Gain and Eating Habits

Some chemotherapy drugs or other medicines results in weight gain and these extra pounds stay on even when treatment ends. Breast cancer treatment can cause muscle loss but survivors are likely to gain fat tissue. Take your time in losing the extra weight. Avoid going on crash diets for fast results, but eat healthy and exercise regularly. In time the weight will go off.
At the same time, some survivors lose their appetite, resulting in weight loss which affect their strength and ability to perform daily tasks.

Tips to regain a lost appetite:

  • Eat small meals – 6 small meals a day is easier to manage than 3 large ones
  • Eat your favourite foods – you do not really have to worry about a balanced diet at this time
  • Take a short walk before eating to work up an appetite

Trouble Swallowing

Radiation therapy or chemotherapy may cause you to have difficulty in swallowing, particularly if therapy was given to the head, neck, breast or chest. Surgery involving the larynx may also contribute to this problem. Tips to manage:

  • Process solid foods with a blender
  • Take a sip of water every few minutes to help you swallow and talk more easily
  • Tilt your head back or forward while you are eating
  • Add sauces or gravies to soft, bland food for more flavour. Soups, puddings, bananas an other soft fruits are good options.

Menopause Symptoms

Chemotherapy and certain medications can cause a woman’s period to become irregular or stop altogether. Although you would have known of this possibility, it is alright to feel grief at losing your fertility. Common signs of menopause include:

  • Hot flushes which often occur a night. It can affect sleep or cause mood changes. Try these tips to manage hot flushes:
    • Keep yourself hydrated, especially with water
    • A healthy weight through a balanced diet and regular exercise helps you maintain an optimum condition
    • Quit smoking
    • Sleep in a cool room to avoid waking up because of hot flushes
    • Wear clothing that lets your skin ‘breathe’
    • If you feel a hot flush coming, try having a cold drink
    • Limit alcohol, caffeine and spicy foods
  • Irregular periods which is the first sign of menopause. Periods become lighter or very heavy bleeding occurs in short spurts of time, or it may stop all of a sudden.
  • Tissues in the vagina and bladder become drier and thinner, exposing you to vaginal infections. You may also have difficulty holding your urine or have urinary tract problems
  • Lack of interest in sex as menopausal symptoms makes it hard for you to become aroused
  • Fatigue and sleep problems where you find difficulty sleeping or getting back to sleep after waking up in the middle of the night. You may also get up earlier than usual.
  • Difficulty remembering things
  • Depression, mood swings and irritability
  • Other changes such as losing muscle, gaining fat around the body or thinning and loss of skin’s elasticity

Menopause can affect your bone strength, putting you at risk for osteoporosis (weakened and brittle bones). Ask your doctor about medicines, supplements or other solutions to keep your bones healthy and strong. Menopause can also increase cholesterol, which raises your risk of diseases affecting your heart and blood vessels.

Changes in Body and Intimacy

Cancer and its treatment may leave some short-term or permanent changes to your body. Effects can include scars, skin changes, loss of limbs or changes in weight. You may fear that your appearance has changed and your loved ones, especially children, are afraid of you. If you experience changes in the way you look, these tips may help you cope:

  • Acknowledge your grief if you lost a limb or any part of your body.
  • Find new ways to boost your confidence- a new haircut, hair colour, makeup or clothing may help.
  • If you have a breast form (prosthesis), make sure it fits you well.
  • If radiation caused changes to your skin, ask your doctor how to care for it.
  • Try to recognize that coping with cancer has made you stronger and wiser, and know that you are worth more than how you look or how cancer affected you.

Your relationship and intimate life could be affected by cancer and treatment (surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy or medications). About half of women who underwent long-term treatment for breast and reproductive organ cancers and many men who had treatment for prostate cancer experience sexual problems. Even emotional issues contribute to sexual problems as survivors may feel anxiety, depression, guilt for having cancer, changes in body image post surgery and stress between you and your partner.
Among the issues involving intimacy include:

  • Struggle with body image after treatment and feeling stressed at being seen without clothes
  • Worry that sex will be painful, unable to perform or feel less attractive
  • Some cancer treatments cause changes in sex organs, which directly changes sex life:
    • unable to maintain an erection after treatment for prostate cancer, penile cancer or testicular
    • women may find it difficult or painful to have sex or experience loss of sensation in their genital area.
  • Women who have menopausal symptoms experience hot flushes, dryness, and tightness in the vagina and / or other problems affecting their desire to have sex.
  • Infertility. If you want children, ask your doctor about possibilities of doing so after treatment.

Sexual issues do not go off on their own. You will require some form of treatment or management methods to improve the situation:

  • Muscle weakness – Kegel exercises strengthen muscles in the genital area. Practice the exercise by controlling your muscles as though you are stopping the flow of urine.
  • Erection problems – certain devices, medications, counseling or surgery may help. There are other approaches but consult your doctor before trying out anything.
  • Vaginal dryness – water based lubricants, vaginal dilators or hormone pills or creams may help.
  • Talking with a counselor/psychologist/sex therapist – if your sexual problems are related to emotions such as stress or body image, talking with professionals may help you and your partner improve intimacy in your relationship.

Being open with your partner on the issues affecting your sex life is the most important step to improve the situation. Talk about your concerns, why you are feeling this way about your sex life and what can possibly help you feel better. If you’re not sure how to start the conversation, you may say something like this:
"I understand that cancer may have affected our sex life and I would really like to know how you feel. Maybe we can work this out together?” It is important that you are open minded to your partner’s point of view.

  • Focus on what your partner said, not what you plan to say in response.
  • Ask questions to help you understand your partner’s views better.
  • Acknowledge that your partner’s views matter.

Tips to feel good about intimacy:

  • Think about what makes you feel confident and attractive
  • Focus on the positive and learn to appreciate your body
  • Be open to changing the ways of being intimate
  • Kisses, hugs, cuddles and touching are small steps towards rediscovering intimacy


Being diagnosed with cancer and going through tests and treatments will surely change the way you feel about yourself. Many survivors worry about cancer returning, especially in the first year post-treatment. As time goes by, they usually think of cancer less often. If you find yourself feeling anxious, here are some ways that may help you cope:

  • Acknowledge and express your feelings of worry, sadness, anger or fear. You can talk to someone close, a counselor or write a journal if you prefer not to share.
  • Choose to look at the positive even if it’s a bad time. Focus on keeping yourself as healthy as possible.
  • It’s alright to feel down at times and if you do, let your family or carer know so that they will not worry.
  • Learn and understand as much as possible about your cancer. Studies show that those who are well-informed are more likely to follow treatment plans and recover faster.
  • Find activities that can help you relax and be active as much as you can.

Many survivors have feelings of sadness, tense or anger even after treatment is over. It could be the knowledge of change, going back to life before treatment. This could be a stressful time as they struggle to adjust. For most people, these feelings go away over time but some people have it worse, and it may become depression. Here are some signs of depression:

  • Feeling overwhelmed and out of control
  • Feeling sad, worried and anxious
  • Feeling hopeless or helpless
  • Short-tempered or moody
  • Feeling emotionally numb
  • Difficulty in concentrating
  • Often focusing on worries or problems
  • Feeling guilty or unworthy
  • Difficulty in enjoying everyday things like being with friends or eating
  • Trying to avoid situations that you know are harmless
  • Thinking of hurting yourself

If you find yourself experiencing these feelings for more than 2 weeks, talk to your doctor immediately to improve your situation.

You may feel stress at certain issues such as family, work or finances because you could put them aside during treatment. Now that you are feeling better, you may need to handle these issues. There may be other reasons for your stress and it would be advisable you find ways to manage the stress for a healthier life.

  • Meditation or relaxation can help lower stress as you quiet down your mind. You can also try hypnosis or yoga.
  • Exercising is proven to reduce stress and tension. Ask your doctor what exercises you can do in your condition.
  • Creative outlets such as music, art, dance or writing helps you express yourself in different ways.
  • Sharing experiences and hearing from people helps strengthens your knowledge that you are not alone.
  • Laughter helps you relax (watch a comedy, read funny jokes etc)

You might also feel lonely post-treatment as your health care team who were with you during treatment is no longer beside you. You may even feel somewhat separated from your family and friends post-treatment. Although they want to help, they may not know how. There are also people who may be scared of cancer and cut off contact with you. If you feel overwhelmed by loneliness, these suggestions may help:

  • Find new support partners (family, friends, other survivors)
  • Ask one of your treatment nurses or doctors if you could call sometimes
  • Join a cancer support group. Find a support group near you here

Reference: Information on this section was adapted from National Cancer Institute.


Gleneagles Hospital (Kuala Lumpur)
Medical Specialties
Anaesthesiology is the science of sedation, of having sensation and pain being block or temporarily. Anaesthesiologists, the doctor who is trained in anaesthesia and peripoperative medicine, ensures that anaesthesia is delivered safely to patients in virtually all health care settings.

This includes preoperative evaluation, consultation with the surgical team, creating a plan for the anaesthesia tailored to each individual patient, provision of pain control and proper post-operative management of patients.

During surgery, the anaesthesiologist monitors the patient’s vital signs – heart rate, blood pressure and body temperature, amongst others. When surgery is complete, the anaesthesiologist oversees the patient’s recovery and manages pain as the patient awakens from general anaesthesia.
  1. Anaesthesiology
  2. Allergy & Immunology
  3. Breast & Endocrine Surgery
  4. Cardiology
  5. Cardiothoracic Surgery
  6. Cytopathology
  7. Dermatology
  8. Dental Surgery
  9. Ear, Nose & Throat Surgery (ENT)
  10. Endocrinology
  11. Gastroenterology
  12. General Surgery
  13. General & Vascular Surgery
  14. Geriatric
  15. Haematology
  16. Hand & Microsurgery
  17. Maxillofacial/Facial Cosmetic Surgery
  18. Neurology
  19. Neurosurgery
  20. Nephrology
  21. Obstetrics & Gynaecology (O&G)
  22. Ophthalmology
  23. Oncology
  24. Orthopaedics & Trauma Surgery
  25. Paediatrics
  26. Paediatric Surgery
  27. Pathology
  28. Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery
  29. Psychiatry
  30. Psychology
  31. Radiology
  32. Rehabilitation Medicine
  33. Respiratory Medicine
  34. Rheumatology
  35. Urology
1. Anaesthesiology "麻醉科"
The anaesthesiologist is an important team member to every surgical procedure.
2. Allergy & Immunology "过敏与免疫科"
Allergies happen when we react to something that our body’s natural immune mechanism is not resistant to, which are normally not harmful to the human body. A person can be allergic to many things – house dust, pollens, moulds, foods and pets. An allergic reaction can come in many forms – itchy, watery eyes (hay fever), itchy inflamed skin (hives and eczema), breathing difficulties (asthma) and more severely the dangerous fall of blood pressure and breathing problems (anaphylaxis).

Allergies can affect anyone of all ages. Sufferers should get it treated and managed.

Immunology is the study of the relationship between the body’s system and its immunity. Disorders of the immune system include lupus, rhematoid arthritis, and different hypersensitivities like asthma and allergies.


3. Breast & Endocrine Surgery "乳腺癌与内分泌手术科"
General surgeons at Gleneagles Hospital Kuala Lumpur (GKL) also treat patients with breast and endocrine diseases.Breast surgery usually involves the removal of lumps or growths that patients have, or other procedures that involves medical prosthesis.

Endocrine surgery refers to operations on one or more of the endocrine glands. There are a number of other endocrine glands and different surgeons treat different problems. Endocrine surgeons work closely with their medical colleagues (endocrinologists) who are often the docotrs who will be responsible for both the initial diagnosis and investigation of endocrine disorders.


4. Cardiology"心血管病科"
Cardiology is a medical specialty dealing with disorders of the heart. The field includes diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects and diseases. Cardiologists are physicians who specialize in this field of medicine.

5. Cardiothoracic Surgery "心胸外科"
Cardiothoracic surgery involves surgical treatment of disease affecting organs inside the thorax (chest) where the surgeon would generally treating condition of the heart (for heart diseases) and lungs (for lung diseases). These would include operations such as heart by-pass and open-heart surgeries.
6. Cytopathology "细胞病理诊断科"
7. Dermatology "皮肤科"
Dermatology deals with the skin and its diseases.
A dermatologist takes care of diseases, in the widest sense of the word – problems of the skin, scalp, hair and nails, and also cosmetic problems relating to it. They diagnose and manage these diseases, which could be as common as acne and warts to rare diseases too.
8. Dental Surgery "口腔外科"
Your dentist is the doctor who takes care of your teeth when you go for your annual check-up. A dental surgery can also provide other medical procedures that involve your teeth like root canals, crowns, implants and dentures, and other orthodontic treatment.
General Dental Surgeon"普通牙科医生"

Orthodontic Surgeon "牙齿矫正医生"

9. Ear, Nose & Throat Surgery (ENT) "耳,鼻和喉手术"
ENT specialists diagnose and treat disorders of the head and neck, which covers ailments and problems the ear, nose and throat, as well as allergies and facial plastic and reconstructive surgery.
10. Endocrinology "内分泌科"
The endocrine system is a complex group of glands that controls your hormones that controls reproduction, metabolism (food burning and waste elimination), growth and development. The glands that make up the endocrine system include the thyroid, parathyroid, pancreas, ovaries, testes, adrenal, pituitary and hypothalamus.The endoconologist is the doctor who specialises in this field of medicine, who diagnose and treat diseases that affect your glands. Endocrinologists treat diseases like diabetes, thyroid diseases, metabolic disorders, menopause, osteoporosis, hypertension, cholesterol (lipid) disorders and intertility, to name a few.

11. Gastroenterology "胃肠病 / 消化内科"
Gastroenterology deals with diseases of the digestive system and those affecting the gastrointestinal tract, which includes the organs from mouth to anus. This could be anything from indigestion, abdominal pain, appendicitis, jaundice, gallstones, lactose intolerance, hepatitis, reflux, ulcers, to hemorrhoids.

Gasteroenterologists, the doctors who practice this in field of medicine, would examine, diagnose and treat the diseases.

12. General Surgery "普通外科"
General surgery is a surgical specialty that focuses on abdominal organs like intestines, esophagus, stomach, small bowel, colon, liver, pancreas, gallbladder, bile ducts and thyroid.While surgeon may sub-specialise into one or more of these areas using various methods like laparoscopic surgery, they are still part of the general surgical team. Our surgeons are experts in treating ailments and diseases in the major body systems including cardiovascular, digestive, endocrine, excretory, skin, muscular, nervous, reproductive, respiratory and skeletal functions.
13. General & Vascular Surgery "普通 /血管外科"
Vascular surgery is a specialty surgery in which diseases of the vascular system (arteries and veins) are managed by medical therapy, minimally-invasive procedures and surgical reconstruction. These procedures are often associated with angiograms, surgery for installing stents and dialysis grafts, and organ transplantation.
14. Geriatric "老年医学科"
Geriatric medicine focuses on health care of elderly people. Geriatric physicians, or geriatricians, are doctors who help the elderly care for their health by preventing and treating diseases that are unique to the needs of the aged. During old age, the decline of various organ systems and functions become more apparent.
Geriatricans treat any diseases that are present and find solutions of the effects of aging on the body.In geriatric medicine, doctors also look at functional abilities, independence and the quality of life. Some diseases and situations are commonly seen in the elderly, like dementia, delerium, and falls. Frail elderly people may need certain types of medical care that is different from others.
15. Haematology "血液科"
Haematology is a branch of medicine that deals with the study of blood, blood-forming organs, and blood diseases like hemophilia and anemia. The haematologist would diagnose, treat and manage prevention of blood diseases.
16. Hand & Microsurgery "手部及显微外科"
The field of hand surgery deals with both surgical and non-surgical conditions and problems of the hand and arm.The doctor would assess and evaluate, diagnose and manage the problem, which could by anything from hand, wrist or arm injury to arthritis, swelling of tendon or nerve compression.
17. Maxillofacial/Facial Cosmetic Surgery "口腔颌面/面部整容手术科"
Maxillofacial surgery corrects a wide spectrum of diseases, injuries and defects in the head, neck, face, jaws and the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial region.A patient may be referred to a maxillofacial surgeon if he or she has suffered severe facial injuries. Surgery can help to correct cosmetic and other damages to the face as a result of the accident. The surgeon may also address nerve damage, which if treated quickly, may reduce long-term effects of accident damages.
18. Neurology "神经内科"
Neurology is a medical specialty that deals with disorders of the nervous system, including their coverings, blood vessels and connective tissues like muscles. The neurologist is the doctor who assesses the patient, investigate, diagnose and treat neurological disorders. He will also help the patient manage his condition.If a surgery is required, he may refer the patient to a neurosurgeon.

Neurologists would usually treat diseases or disorders such as epilepsy and seizures, dementia, head injury, migrain and multiple sclerosis, and much more.

19. Neurosurgery "神经外科"
Neurosurgery is the medical specialty concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of disorders and diseases that affect any portion of the nervous system, from the brain, spinal cords peripheral nerves and extra-cranial cerebrovascular system.Conditions treated by neurosurgery range from spinal disc problems, hydrocephalus, head trauma, tumors and trauma to the head or spine, some forms of drug-resistant epilepsy and many others.
20. Nephrology "肾脏科"
Nephrology is a branch of internal medicine dealing with the functions and diseases of the kidney. The nephrologist would diagnose and treat kidney diseases like renal failure, kidney stones and hypertension.Specialists:
Obstetrics and gynaecology are two surgical medical specialties dealing with female reproductive health and organs in their pregnant (obstetrics) and non-pregnant state (gynaecology).O&G specialists cover both areas of specialties, which include childbirth and delivery, as well as women’s general health of the female reproductive system when they are not pregnant.
22. Ophthalmology "眼科"
Ophthalmology deals with the eyes – from the anatomy, physiology and diseases. The ophthalmologist diagnose and treat patients with eye problems and diseases, and may also perform eye surgeries.Specialists:
23. Oncology "肿瘤科"
Oncologists deal with cancer – from diagnosis, therapy, treatment and palliative care.The GKL team of oncologists, nurses medical physicist and radiation therapists are always ready to assist and advise on the various aspects related to cancer care such as treatment options, side effects of treatment, lifestyle changes, during and post treatment care.
24. Orthopaedics & Trauma Surgery "骨科, 矫形外科及创伤手术"
These are two areas of specialisations that are often related as they can be caused by trauma, accidents, sports injuries, degenerative diseases, infections, tumors and congenital disorders.Orthopaedic specialists deal with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system that may use both surgical and non-surgical means to correct the problem.
25. Paediatrics "小儿科"
Paediatrics deals with infants, children and adolescents. The paediatrician is often the primary care physician from the birth of the child, caring for his/her health, growth and well-being, including administering inoculations and vaccinations necessary.Specialists:
26. Paediatric Surgery "小儿外科"
Paediatric surgery is a subspecialty surgery that deals with diseases, trauma and disorders for fetuses, infants, children, adolescents and young adults. Common paediatric diseases that may require paediatric surgery include congenital malformations, imperforate anus, undescended testes, abdominal wall defects and tumors, amongst others.Specialists:
27. Pathology "病理科"
Pathology is the study and diagnosis of disease through examination of organs, tissues, bodily fluids and whole bodies (autopsies).Pathologists are doctors who diagnose and examine samples and biopsies, and interpret medical laboratory tests to diagnose, treat or prevent illness. They work together with other doctors and specialists.


Plastic surgery is a medical specialty that deals with the correction or restoration of form and function. Plastic surgery is often thought of as just cosmetic surgery, but plastic surgery actually includes many types of reconstructive surgery like hand surgery and the treatment of burns.
30. Psychology "心理科"
Psychologists treat emotional and mental suffering in patients, and have training in psychological research and personality assessment. They treat patients through the use of psychological means such as counseling, psychotherapy and relaxation methods.
31. Radiology "放射科"


32. Rehabilitation Medicine "康复医学科"
At Gleneagles Kuala Lumpur Rehabilitation Centre, we are dedicated to helping people with different levels of impairment, functional limitation, disability and other health related conditions.

The rehabilitation physician works in close collaboration with other medical colleagues (neurologist, paediatrician, orthopaedic surgeon, urologist etc) as well as allied health professionals (physiotherapist, occupational therapist, speech language therapist, prosthetist & orthotist etc) in the development of rehabilitation program and also regular review of rehabilitation goals. Some of our specialized programs include neurological rehabilitation, spinal rehabilitation, paediatric rehabilitation and amputee rehabilitation.


33. Respiratory Medicine "呼吸系统科"
Respiratory medicine mainly deals with diseases of the lungs like asthma and other respiratory diseases like pulmonary hypertension, sleeping disorders, and infections and lung tumours.
34. Rheumatology "风湿病科"
Rheumatology involves the diagnosis and therapy of rheumatic disease involving joints, soft tissues, autoimmune diseases and other tissue disorders.

A Rheumatologist is a doctor who would examine the patient, diagnose and recommend treatments.


35. Urology "泌尿外科"
Urology is the medical and surgical specialty that focuses on the urinary tracts of men and women, and the male’s reproductive system.

Urologists are doctors who are trained to diagose, treat and manage patiens with urological disorders like problems of the kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters and bladder, as well as those of the male’s reproductive organs.

Gleneagles Hospital (Kuala Lumpur) Sdn. Bhd.
Gleneagles Hospital (Kuala Lumpur) Sdn. Bhd.
282 & 286 Jalan Ampang
50450 Kuala Lumpur

Technology and Equipment

  1. STEMI ProgrammeSTEMI Clinical Pathway is another service that Gleneagles Cardiac has to offer to cardiac patients. It is the main tool used to manage acute myocardial infarction. We are prepared and equipped to offer immediate attention and modern technology to patients who are diagnosed with heart attack. We have added this protocol to our Emergency Department to provide patients suffering from this deadly condition of heart disease.

    We have a standby cardiac catherisation laboratory as well as the STEMI programme where if you had a heart attack we could put a catheter into you within 30 minutes. This cath lab operates 24-hours.

  2. 3Teslar MRI Machine For Neurology and Cardiology InvestigationsThis multi-million dollar machine is the Gleneagles Kuala Lumpur’s investment and commitment to medical excellence. The breakthrough technology in imaging will significantly increase productivity, which means that we are equipped to do more neurological studies and less invasive neurosurgical works on patients. The clarity of images taken will ensure that the diagnostic workout that we do actually support the clinical treatments that are provided in the areas of cardiac and musculoskeletal work.
  3. 128-Slice CT ScannerThis is another of the hospital’s investment and commitment to our patients. With the sophisticated software, we can do morphology studies, which were previously the domain of private, specialist hospitals or university hospitals.

    This means that investigations requiring such high-end technology is now available in the country.

  4.  Digital Mammography with New Image Dimension & DetectionMammogram is probably the most common tool to help diagnose breast cancer amongst women, however digital mammogram is today’s new wave in technological advancement for bringing safe and high quality images and more accurate results that are generated within seconds. Digital mammogram is now most often used to provide better overall care that assist to earlier detection, more accurate diagnoses and better patient care.

The advantages of this machine are:

  1. Patient-centered careA more comfortable MRI system with a larger and shorter bore.
  2. Expert-level scansBetter image quality for a better diagnosis.
  3. Transform the dayFaster scan that can reduce patient’s anxiety.

Accident & Emergency

In case of an emergency, call us at 603-41413017 / 2718.
If you need ambulance service, call 03-4141 3131.

The A&E Department of Gleneagles Kuala Lumpur attends to your emergencies and accidents. It is managed and run by a full-time dedicated professionals who have been trained in emergency care, backed up by facilities that can provide you with comprehensive care.

Gleneagles Kuala Lumpur is a also tertiary referral hospital that has a full complement of services including pediatrics, obstetrics and general medicine. We also have facilities for certain specialties like cardiac care with sophisticated equipment and intensive care units.

This department also runs as a clinic 24-hours should you require medical attention. There is always a Nurse Manager and Resident Medical Officer(s) on duty around the clock. It is located on the ground floor of the main hospital building, immediately adjacent to the radiology suites.

Our A&E department has:

  • Triage area
  • Private Consultation Rooms
  • Observation area
  • Resuscitation area
  • Orthopedic Procedure Room
  • Minor operating theatre (OT)
  • Adjacent imaging department
  • Exclusive room for treating eye-related problems
  • 24-hour Outpatient Clinic
  • 24-hour Specialists on Call
  • 24-hour Pharmacy, Imaging& Laboratory Services
  • Comprehensive Blood Examinations
  • Spacious waiting area

Cardiac Centre

Our Cardiac Care Centre is a one-stop centre that is equipped with modern technology and investigative medicine. We offer cardiac care from its early stages of detection, diagnosis and treatment, covering adult, paediatric and neonatal cases.

This centre has a standby cardiac catherisation laboratory as well as the STEMI programme where if you had a heart attack we could put a catheter into you within 30 minutes. This cath lab operates on a 24-hour basis.


Critical Care Centre

At Gleneagles Kuala Lumpur, we have the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and Critical Care Units (CCU) that are specially equipped with and designed for the treatment of patients with sudden, life-threatening conditions. The unit is located on the First floor of the hospital block with 20 beds where patients receive 1-to-1 care from the nursing staff.

Our Intensive Care Unit (ICU) contains highly technical and sophisticated monitoring devices and equipment, and is staffed by personnel specially trained and skilled in recognizing and immediately responding to cardiac and other emergencies.

The ICU/CCU is fully equipped with advanced invasive and non-invasive equipment designed to support the highly specialized care that’s essential for the recovery of critical conditions such as Adult and Pediatric Cardiovascular, Neurosurgical, Renal, Trauma, Medical and Surgical cases.

We also have a High Dependency Unit (HDU) located on the First floor for patients who still need close monitoring, observation, treatment and nursing, but not under critical or intensive care.  

Diabetes Care Centre

The Diabetes Care Center, located next to the Accident & Emergency Department, was officially launched in year 2002 to empower diabetics and their caregivers with self-management skills via education, counseling and practical help. With what learn from our experts and specialists, diabetics will enjoy better health and help prevent complications as they learn to take control of their health and well-being.
This Centre also serves as a Diabetes Resource Centre. It helps educate and train Gleneagles Kuala Lumpur nurses so that they are more proficient in the management of diabetic patients. Skill training in diabetic care is also offered.

Diabetes Education covered:

  • Diabetes-the disease
  • Basic diet/healthy eating
  • Exercise
  • Medication / Insulin
  • Self Care-Blood glucose monitoring/Foot care
  • Sick days management/problem solving skills
  • Psychosocial adaptation to diabetes  


Eating healthy and eating right is quite as easy as it seems, but plays a major role in our health and well-being. This is why we, at Gleneagles Kuala Lumpur, place an importance on this aspect of health.

Dietetics is the science of applying nutritional principles to the planning and preparation of foods, and the regulation of the diet in relation to both health and disease. Once you have gone for your check-up, you may wish to see go to our Diet Counseling Centre where they can receive professional dietary advice from qualified dietitians

Types of diet advice or medical nutrition therapy include those for:

  • Diabetes
  • Weight Management
  • Hypertension
  • High Blood Cholesterol
  • Gout
  • Renal Fail
  • Eating Disorder
  • Healthy Eating
  • Others

This procedure involves looking and examining the inside of a person’s body using an endoscope. Unlike other medical imaging devices, endoscopes are inserted directly into the body or organ. It can be used for investigative procedure for the gastrointestinal tract, rectum, and respiratory tract (nose and ear and throat), amongst others.

Gleneagles Kuala Lumpur’s Endoscopy Centre is equipped with modern equipment and technology, managed and run by certified specialists and nurses. 


Health Screening Centre

Your healthy is our concern. Our Health Screening Centre is one of the most comprehensive health examinations available. We offer individualized health assessments and consultations by a competent team of doctors, nurses, dieticians, and reporting by relevant consultants.

The individual health programmes that we offer focus on identifying any risk factors that may be detrimental to your health.

The Health Screening Centre consulting hours being from Monday to Friday between 9am to 5pm, and 9am to 1pm on Saturday.

Aims Of Screening Programs

    • To identify potential health risk factors.
    • To identify asymptomatic persons with early signs of the disease.
    • To evaluate your health status & early prevention of disease
    • To provide our clients the highest level of personalized healthcare

Why Screen In The First Place?

Early detection and prevention will reduce the incidence of diseases and ensure better chances of a full recovery. This enables appropriate intervention to prevent complications and improve survival.

One-on-One Attention

Tailored specifically for each person’s age, sex and lifestyle behaviour, these thorough examinations are especially valuable in uncovering medical problems that may otherwise may go undetected.

Our programme offers personalized services, as we are essentially a one-stop center providing quality healthcare. At this centre, you will be given a detailed report as well as a referral to see a Consultant, if so required.

When To Screen?

Generally, individuals are encouraged to undergo a full medical screening as advised by their doctors.

Health Screening Centre (HSC) is newly appointed as the Vaccination Centre for Yellow Fever

For more details on HSC Packages available in Gleneagles Kuala Lumpur, click here 



The Diagnostic Imaging Department of Gleneagles Kuala Lumpur is located on the ground floor of the hospital. We provide a diverse range of radiographic services and modern equipment

  1. General Radiography
  2. Ultrasound Examination
  3. Computed Tomography Scan (C.T. Scan)
  4. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  5. Fluoroscopy
  6. Angiography
  7. Non-vascular Interventional Radiology
  8. Mammography
  9. Bone Mineral Densitometry
01. General Radiography "普通放射诊断" 
This examination uses X-rays to image virtually any body part like a photograph. The X-rays pass through the body and is captured on a film. The equipment may be static or mobile, allowing X-rays to be done by the bedside. 
02. Ultrasound Examination  "超声波检查"
Ultrasound is a technique of imaging that uses high frequency sound waves to produce an image of the internal organs and structures of the body. It uses no X-rays. 
03. Computed Tomography Scan (C.T. Scan) "电脑断层扫描"
C.T. Scan provides an excellent anatomical examination to obtain a comprehensive cross-sectional image of the body, such as head, chest, abdomen and spine. A C.T. scan is an X-ray procedure enhanced by a computer. This results in a two- or three-dimensional view (referred to as a slice or a cross-section) of a particular part of the body.
The MRI system utilizes magnet with a high field super-conducting system and radio-frequency pulses to examine the body’s internal organs. It is the technique of choice for imaging of the brain, spine (Central Nervous System) and musculoskeletal region. No radiation is involved in this procedure.Gleneagles Kuala Lumpur has the 3T MRI so advanced that it means more neurological studies and less of invasive procedures can be done for our patients.

The devices/conditions listed below might prohibit you from having an MRI examination. If you have any of these devices, make sure your physician and the MRI staff are informed. If you have any doubts or questions, be sure to ask.

  • Pacemakers
  • Artificial heart valves
  • Neuro-stimulators
  • Metallic clips used in brain surgery
  • Implanted hearing aids
  • Metal implants
  • Metal shrapnel in your body
  • Metal fragments in your eyes
  • Intra-uterine contraceptives devices
  • Claustrophobia 
05. Fluoroscopy  "X线透视"  
Fluoroscopy is a mode of imaging any part or organ of the body in a moving form. A continuous X-ray beam is passed through the body part being examined, and is transmitted to a TV-like monitor so that the body part and its motion can be seen in detail. The images can be captured on hard copies.
06. Angiography    "血管造影"
Angiography is the study of blood vessels which involves the injection of a radio-opaque ‘dye’ into a vessel via a specially shaped tube called a catheter, and taking X-ray images in rapid succession. Abnormal vessels and tumours can be studied this way. Abnormally formed vessels (malformation) such as stenotic vessels and aneurysms are some of the examples of blood vessel diseases.
07. Non-vascular Interventional Radiology  "非血管介入放射科"
Non-vascular interventional radiology has come to play an increasingly important part in the day-to-day work of the department. This trend is expected to continue with current developments in patient management. It is a "minimally invasive technique” that involves the treatment of conditions such as drainage of abscess, blocked urinary system and biliary tracts. The radiologists perform these procedures using X-rays, ultrasound or C.T. to guide them. 
08. Mammography "乳房X光检查"  
This examination uses low dose X-rays to produce internal images of the breasts. It is usually used in breast cancer screening to detect tumours.
09. Bone Mineral Densitometry  "骨质密度"  
Bone densitometry is an enhanced form of X-ray technology that is used to measure bone loss. This examination is most often used to diagnose osteoporosis, a condition that involves a gradual loss of calcium. It is also used to detect structural changes which may cause the bone to become thinner, more fragile and more likely to break. This test is also effective in tracking the effects of treatment for osteoporosis and other conditions that cause bone loss. 


The Laboratory Department is situated on Level 2 of the Hospital. Equipped by professionally trained personnel and modern instrumentation, our laboratory offers a comprehensive range of laboratory tests for diagnosis, management and prevention of a wide variety of diseases.

The services provided by our laboratory include routine and specialist tests in:

  • anatomic pathology, including both the cytology and histology
  • biochemistry
  • blood transfusion
  • clinical microbiology
  • haematology

Once a test has been performed in the laboratory and the completed result validated, a hard-copy result will be sent to the requesting site.

Anatomic Pathology

We provide a comprehensive service in histopathology and general cytology to hospital patients as well as those externally referred in specimens from other private hospitals and private practices. The special tests we offer include frozen sections, Fine Needle Aspiration, Immunofluorescence, special stains and Immunohistochemistry.


Chemical pathology is the branch of pathology that deals with the analysis and interpretation of biochemical tests for diagnosis and management. It is also known as clinical chemistry, clinical biochemistry or medical biochemistry.
Common biochemistry testing includes lipids, enzymes, metabolites which includes serum glucose, urea, endocrine hormones, therapeutic drugs, etc.

Blood Transfusion

The blood transfusion service we offer includes blood grouping, antibody screening as well as cross-matching.


Along with Biochemistry, this laboratory provides a major input to our vital 24-hour service with blood counts, coagulation results, peripheral blood smears and bone marrow morphology. We work closely in cognizance of clinical history and diagnosis provided.

Clinical Microbiology

The scope of microbiology testing includes bacterial and fungal culture and identification as well as antibiotic susceptibility testing.

Phlebotomy Services

Phlebotomy service is available for referred patients from registered medical practitioners. Request forms issued by a registered medical practitioners are required for the service. The Phlebotomy Centre is located next to the Laboratory.


Maternity Services

One our pride and joy at Gleneagles Kuala Lumpur is our Maternity services and suites. Since the upgrade, the four delivery suites are designed to be private, spacious, comfortable and convenient. Many facilities have been built-in for that homely feel. Each suite comes with an attached bathroom, a couch and an armchair for the patient’s companions.

Nursery is located on the same floor as the maternity wards. Mothers may request for rooming-in for complete breastfeeding. Lactation assistance is also available for new mothers.

The hospital is equipped and managed by experienced, qualified staff to handle complications and emergencies should they arise.


Oncology – Cancer Centre

Established in 1997, Gleneagles Oncology- Cancer Centre (GOC) is committed to providing Malaysians and patients around the region with cost-effective, safe and high quality cancer care in a pleasant and compassionate atmosphere.

Our team of oncologists, nurses, medical physicist and radiation therapists are all experienced and well-skilled in their respective fields. They are always ready to assist and advise on the various aspects related to cancer care such as treatment options, side effects of treatment, lifestyle changes, during and post treatment care.

The centre is located on the ground floor at the rear of the Hospital Complex to ensure privacy when you visit the Centre. Our services include consultation, chemotherapy and external beam radiotherapy.



Our Pharmacy Department provides comprehensive pharmaceutical services to meet the needs of the hospital. The department consists of an Inpatient Pharmacy, Outpatient Pharmacy, Satellite Pharmacy at A& E Department, Oncology Pharmacy, Retail Pharmacy and Gleanie’s Baby and Gift Shop.

With the objective "To Ensure the Optimization of Pharmaceutical Care to all Patients of Gleneagles Kuala Lumpur”, the department ensures excellence in quality through our products as well as our qualified and well-trained staff of Pharmacists and Pharmacy Assistants.

Our Inpatient Pharmacy supplies medication to the hospital’s inpatients as well as the wards. Pharmacy personnel check the patients’ prescriptions for accuracy and appropriateness of treatment at the point of dispensing as well as before the administration of medications. Upon discharge, patients are counseled on their discharged medications before leaving the hospital.

Our Outpatient Pharmacy is located inside the Retail Pharmacy on the ground floor of the Medical Office Building. Prescriptions from both internal and external doctors are accepted here. A wide range of medications are available at the Outpatient Pharmacy including limited and controlled medications as well as customised preparations.

Our Oncology Pharmacy unit is located inside the Oncology unit. It is staffed by personnel trained in chemotherapy drug reconstitution techniques. This ensures patients’ chemotherapy drugs are prepared correctly and are safe to use by both the patients and the nurses administering the oncology treatment.

Our Retail Pharmacy, located on the ground floor of MOB, carries a wide range of products including personal care, toiletries, skin and healthcare, cosmetics, health education books, baby products, health aids as well as convenience products.



Proper, adequate therapies and rehabilitation can reverse many disabling conditions or can help patients cope with deficits that cannot be reversed by medical care.
At Gleneagles Kuala Lumpur Rehabilitation Centre, we are dedicated to helping people with different levels of impairment, functional limitation, disability and other health related conditions.
Our Centre offers some of the best rehabilitation services in the Klang Valley and the immediate region.
We have a setup that ensure both clients and therapists enjoy a warm, lasting relationship and effective partnership to sustain the highest level of patient care.
Our Centre provides treatments which are designed to facilitate the process of recovery from injury, illness or disease. We aim to enable our patients to reach the fullest physical, psychological, social, vocational, leisure and educational potential consistent with their physiological or anatomical impairment, functioning, environmental limitations, and desires of life plans.
All patients are referred by a registered medical and dental practitioner. On receiving a referral, an assessment will initially be carried out by a therapist or a team before a treatment program is designed to accommodate the needs of the patient, either as an outpatient or inpatient.
The patient and his family may also participate in determining realistic goals for the patient’s rehabilitation. Our services include:
  1. Physiotherapy
  2. Occupational Therapy
  3. Speech
  4. Rehab

At Gleneagles Kuala Lumpur, we believe that every individual is unique. Our therapists are always open to discuss your needs and work with you to tailor a treatment program to your specific requirements. We can be easily reached at 03-4141 3093 and 03-4141 3133.


Handbook on Stroke Education (Rehabilitation Centre)

01. Physiotherapy
Physiotherapy is usually prescribed to relieve pain, restore normal function and strength, prevent further injury and promote healthy living and lifestyles. It uses physical approaches to promote, maintain and restore physical, psychological and social wellbeing, taking into account variations in health status.
The treatment is science-based; committed to extending, applying, evaluating and reviewing the evidence that underpins a condition. It aims to ensure maximum recovery and early independence of clients. At Gleneagles Kuala Lumpur, the majority of our clients are referred from inpatient disciplines and outpatient specialities. Our scope of services includes: Inpatients
  • Physiotherapy and rehabilitation to non-operative cases such as musculoskeletal, neurological, cardiovascular, respiratory etc disorders
  • Pre- & post-operative physiotherapy and rehabilitation


  • Therapeutic management and rehabilitation to patients with musculoskeletal, neurology, cardiovascular, respiratory, urogynae, E.N.T and other conditions that result in functional limitations, disabilities and handicaps
  • Early intervention rehabilitation program to high risk and fitness conscious clients

Therapy and rehabilitation services include

  1. Treatment modalities Electrophysical modalities, manual & exercise therapy
  2. Rehabilitation program: Special regime/protocol, sport, vestibular, diabetic, cardiac, hypertension, pulmonary, rheumatology, neurology (Adult and Paediatric), spinal, amputee, etc
  3. Fitness and exercises: Obesity, geriatric, preventions of fall, osteoporosis, early intervention and preventive exercise programs for fitness conscious individuals
  4. Special client management: Antenatal & postnatal, urogynae prolapse, incontinence, lymphoedema
  5. Consultation & education: Ergonomic, back & neck care, prevention and early intervention exercise regime
Occupational Therapy
Occupational Therapy is the assessment and treatment of people of all ages with physical and mental health problems through specifically selected and graded activities. The therapy is offered in conjunction and collaboration with other professional workers in health and social services.
The aim of the therapy is to help patients reach their maximum level of functioning and independence in all aspects of daily life, including their personal independence, employment, social, recreational and leisure pursuits and their interpersonal relationships. Therapy and rehabilitation services include:
  1. Cognitive-Perceptual Training Cognitive assessment, activities to improve memory, attention span and perceptual problems.
  2. Home Visits Evaluation And Modification Visits are made to the patient’s home to ensure safety and comfort, and to his work place to ensure accessibility and safety. Advice is offered on modification if and when required.
  3. School Visits Visits are made to the patient’s school to discuss with the school authority on any modification necessary. Patients will be reintegrated to the community with visits to public places.
  4. Self Care Training And Retraining Activities to improve grooming, hygiene, bathing, dressing and eating skills as well as on work and home skills, e.g. cooking, gardening and others. The patient and carer are taught to use assistive devices to achieve the above.
  5. Joint Protection Technique And Energy Conservation Education Program Discuss and teach technique/principles to help persons with arthritis cope with the demands of daily activities.
  6. Hands/Upper Limbs Performance Retraining Program Active or assisted therapeutic activities to improve hand and upper limbs task performance
  7. Rehabilitation & Home Support Equipment and Aids Assessment, supply, training and maintenance of this equipment.
Speech language pathologists help patients correct speech disorders or restore speech. Speech therapy may be prescribed to rehabilitate a patient after a brain injury, cancer, neuromuscular diseases, stroke, and other injuries / illnesses.
The duration of the speech therapy program varies, depending on the injury / illness being treated and the patient’s response to therapy. Performed by a speech pathologist, speech therapy involves regular meetings with the therapist in an individual or group setting and home exercises. For example:
  • To strengthen muscles, the patient might be asked to say words, smile, close his mouth, or stick out his tongue.
  • Picture cards may be used to help the patient remember everyday objects and increase his vocabulary.
  • The patient might use picture boards of everyday activities or objects to communicate with others.
  • Workbooks might be used to help the patient recall the names of objects and practise reading, writing, and listening.
  • Computer programs may be used to help sharpen speech, reading, recall, and listening skills.

At Gleneagles Kuala Lumpur, our speech–language pathologists work collaboratively with patients, families and related professionals to ensure the patient’s needs are addressed holistically. They assess and treat individuals from children to adults with speech, language, voice and fluency disorders. They may also work with people who have swallowing difficulties. Therapy and rehabilitation services include:

  1. Assessment Speech, language, voice & fluency disorders and swallowing
  2. Swallowing and Feeding Training Activities to improve on feeding, chewing and swallowing.
  3. Speech and Communication Training Activities to improve speech, understanding and reading. Alternative communication, e.g. communication aids may be used
Rehabilitation Medicine involves the diagnosis, evaluation and treatment of people with limited function as a consequence of disease, injury, impairment and/or disability. It focuses on the structural and functional characteristics of people in relation to mobility, self-care and all other human activities and on the psychological responses and social consequences associated with loss of function.
At Gleneagles Kuala Lumpur, the rehabilitation physician works in close collaboration with other medical colleagues ( neurologist, paediatrician, orthopaedic surgeon, urologist etc ) as well as allied health professionals ( physiotherapist, occupational therapist, speech language therapist, prosthetist & orthotist etc ) in the development of rehabilitation program and also regular review of rehabilitation goals. Some of our specialized programs include neurological rehabilitation, spinal rehabilitation, paediatric rehabilitation and amputee rehabilitation.
Health Screening Packages
Executive Screening Programme (ESP)
01. Basic Screening (Male and Female) RM423
  • Physical Examination
  • ECG with Report
  • Lung Function Test with Report
  • Chest X-Ray with Report
  • General Screening Profile 3*
  • Review of Report
  • Physical Examination
  • ECG with Report
  • Stress ECG (Treadmill) with Report
  • Lung Function Test with Report
  • Chest X-Ray with Report
  • Ultrasound Abdomen and Pelvis
  • General Screening Profile 3*
  • Review of Report
  • Physical Examination
  • ECG with Report
  • Stress ECG (Treadmill) with Report
  • Lung Function Test with Report
  • Chest X-Ray with Report
  • Ultrasound Abdomen and Pelvis
  • PSA (for (prostate cancer)
  • CA 19.9 (for gastro-intestinal cancer)
  • Helicobacter pylori
  • Hepatitis C
  • HSCRP***
  • General Screening Profile 3*
  • Audiometry
  • Review of Report
04. Premium Plus Screening (Female) RM1,364
  • Physical Examination
  • ECG with Report
  • Stress ECG (Treadmill) with Report
  • Lung Function Test with Report
  • Chest X-Ray with Report
  • Ultrasound Abdomen and Pelvis
  • CA 19.9 (for gastro-intestinal cancer)
  • CA 15.3 (for breast cancer)
  • CA 125 (for ovary cancer)
  • Helicobacter pylori
  • Hepatitis C
  • Liquid-based Pap Test
  • HSCRP***
  • General Screening Profile 3*
  • Audiometry
  • Review of Report
05. Additional Test for Ladies Below 40 years:
  • Premium Plus With Ultrasound Both Breasts RM1,526
Women Wellness Programme (WWP)
01. WWC-300 Basic Gynaecological Screening RM115
  • Consultation/Physical/Breast examination
  • Liquid-based Pap Test (Thin Prep)**
  • Review of Report
02. WWC-305 Breast Screening RM192
  • Consultation/Physical/Breast examination
  • Ultrasound breasts
  • Review of Report
03. WWC-315 Gynaecological Screening RM315
  • Consultation/Physical/Breast examination
  • Liquid-based Pap Test (Thin Prep)
  • Ultrasound abdomen and pelvis
  • Review of Report

  • Consultation/Physical/Breast examination
  • Liquid-based Pap Test (Thin Prep)**
  • Chest X-ray
  • ECG
  • General Screening Profile 3*
  • Ultrasound abdomen and pelvis
  • Mammogram
  • Bone Mineral Densitometry
  • Review of Report
  • Consultation/Physical/Breast examination
  • Liquid-based Pap Test (Thin Prep)**
  • Chest X-ray
  • General Screening Profile 3*
  • Ultrasound abdomen and pelvis
  • Ultrasound breasts
  • Review of Report

  • Physical examination
  • ECG with Report
  • Stress ECG (Treadmill) with Report
  • Lung Function Test with Report
  • Chest X-Ray with Report
  • Ultrasound abdomen and pelvis
  • CA 19.9 (for gastro-intestinal cancer)
  • CA 15.3 (for breast cancer)
  • CA 125 (for ovary cancer)
  • Helicobacter Pylori
  • Hepatitis C
  • Liquid-based Pap Test
  • HSCRP***
  • General Screening Profile 3*
  • Audiometry
  • Review of Report
  • Premium Plus With Ultrasound Both Breasts RM1,526
08. Additional Test(s) for Ladies Above 40 years:
  • Premium Plus with Mammogram RM1,601
  • Premium Plus with Ultrasound Breast with Mammogram RM1,640


Malaysia Emergency Telephone Numbers         

Emergency Services

Police and Ambulance …… 999

Fire …… 994

Civil Defense …… 991

From Mobile Phone …… 112


Private Ambulance Services

Lifecare (24 Hours; service to any hospitals) …… 1-300-88-1919 or 03-77851919

St.John’s …… 03-92851576

Red Crescent …… 03-21647919



Central …… 03-22626222

PJ (24 hours) …… 03-79562222



General …… 03-22821144


Water Supply

(External) …… 03-22822742



 Installations …… 03-42560622

Fault / breakdown …… 100

Directory Enquiries …… 103

Telegram Services …… 104

International Assistance …… 108


Pests and Associated Flooding …… 03-92843434


SPCA …… 03-42565312



Ampang Medical Practise …… 03-42532768

Ampang Puteri Specialist …… 03-42702500

Assunta Hospital …… 03-77823433

Damansara Specialist Hospital …… 03-77222692

Gleneagles Specialist Hospital …… 03-42571300

Hospital Kuala Lumpur (GHKL) …… 03-26921044

Hospital Selayang …… 03-61367788

National Heart Institute …… 03-26178200

Pantai Medical Centre …… 03-22960888

Subang Medical Centre …… 03-56341212

Sunway Medical …… 03-74919191

Tawakal , Jalan Pahang …… 03-70233599

Tung Shin …… 03-20721655

Twin Towers Medical Centre …… 03-23823500

University Hospital …… 03-79574422 /



Public Complaints
Biro Pengaduan …… 03-88887777
FOMCA …… 03-78762009
MCA …… 03-21632305
MM Hotline …… 03-22821002

KLIA Arrivals …… 03-87778888
Air New Zealand …… 03-21421199
British Airways / Qantas …. 1-800-88-1260
MAS …… 03-78463000
Singapore Airlines …… 03-26923122

Railway Station ……03-22747435

Tourist Info
 …… 03-26935188
Australian High Commission
6 Jalan Yap Kwan Seng …… 03-21465555

New Zealand High Commission
Level 21, Menara IMC,
8, Jalan Sultan Ismail …… 03-20782533
E-mail :

Alice Smith School …… 03-21483674
Australian International School …… 03-89430622
ELC International School …… 03-61565001
Fairview International School …… 03-42532233
Garden School International …… 03-62018988
International school of KL …… 03-41083566
Mont Kiara International School …… 03-20938604
Mutiara International Grammar School …… 03-42521452
Sayfol International School …… 03-42568781
Tuanku Ja’afar College , Seremban …… 06-7582561
Utama International School …… 03-40244135

Cinema Booking
GSC Mid Valley …… 03-83123456
TGV …… 03-74922929

Radio Taxi Service
Comfort …… 03-80242727
Sunlight Cab …… 03-90575757 / 1111
Public Cab …… 03-62592020
Supercab …… 03-78757333
Hotline …… 03-20953399

Malaysia International School  (Search by A - Z)

Alice Smith International School 
2 Jalan Bellamy, 50460 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2148 3674, Fax: 03 2148 3418 

Australian International School 
22 Jalan Anggerik, The MINES Resort City, 43300 Sri Kembangan, Selangor 
Tel: 03 8943 0622, Fax: 03 8948 4522 

Cempaka International School 
Persiaran Awana, Taman Cheras Permata Dua, 43200 Selangor
Tel: 03 9076 8400, Fax: 03 9076 8194 

Chong Hwa Kuala Lumpur Independent High School 
Jalan St Thomas, Batu 3 1/2 off Jalan Ipoh, 51100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 6258 7946 

Dalat International School 
Tanjung Bunga, 11200 Penang
Tel: 04 899 2105, Fax: 04 890 2141

Deutsche Schule Kuala Lumpur - DSKL 
Lot 5, Lorong Utara B, 46200 Petaling Jaya
Tel: 03 7856 6557, Fax: 03 7956 7557 

ELC International School 
Lot 3664, Jalan Sierramas Barat, Sierramas, Sungai Buloh, 47000 Selangor 
Tel: 03 6156 5001, Fax: 03 6156 5003 

Lycée Français de Kuala Lumpur - French College of Kuala Lumpur 
8A Jalan Tun Ismail, 50480 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2693 3850, Fax: 2693 6450 

Fairview International School 
260 Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 4253 2233, Fax: 03 4253 2223 

Garden International School Kuala Lumpur 
16 Jalan Kiara 3, Off Jalan Bukit Kiara, 50480 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 6209 6888, Fax: 03 6201 2468

International School of Kuala Lumpur - ISKL (Middle/High School) 
Jalan Kerja Air Lama, Ampang Jaya, 68000 Ampang 
Tel: 03 4259 5600, Fax: 03 4257 9044 

International School of Kuala Lumpur - ISKL (Elementary School) 
Jalan Melawati 3, Taman Melawati, 53100 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 4104 3000, Fax: 03 4108 4166 

International School of Penang Uplands 
Jalan Kelawei, 10250 Penang
Tel: 04 227 1764, Fax: 04 227 8972 

Ipoh International School - IIS 
9 Jalan Watson, 30350 Ipoh, Perak 
Tel: 05 253 8530, Fax: 05 241 8406 

Japanese School of Kuala Lumpur - JSKL 
Saujana Resort Seksyen U2, 40150 Shah Alam, Selangor 
Tel: 03 7846 5939, Fax: 03 7846 5949 

Kota Kinabalu International School 
Off Jalan Khidmat, Bukit Padang, 88300 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah 
Tel: 088 24 5325, Fax: 088 24 4203 

Melaka International School 
1 Jalan Kubu, 75300 Melaka 
Tel: 06 286 2573, Fax: 06 286 2575

Mont Kiara International School 
22 Jalan Kiara, Mont' Kiara, 50480 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2093 8604, Fax: 03 2093 6045 

Mutiara International Grammar School 
Lot 707, Jalan Kerja Ayer Lama, 68000 Ampang Jaya, Selangor 
Tel: 03 4252 1452, Fax: 03 4252 3452 

Sayfol International School 
261 Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 4256 8781, Fax: 03 4257 9464 

Sri Garden School 
9 Jalan 1/75C, Off Jalan Pria, Taman Maluri, 55100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 9286 2668, Fax: 03 9284 5199 

Sri KDU Smart School, Kota Damansara 
5 Jalan Teknologi 2/1, Kota Damansara, 47810 Daerah Petaling, Selangor 
Tel: 03 6157 8123, Fax: 03 6156 9011 

Sri Kuala Lumpur School - Sri KL 
1 Jalan SS 15/7A, 47500 Subang Jaya, Selangor. 
Tel: 03 5634 3491, Fax: 03 5634 3489 

Sri Sedaya, Sekolah 
Lot 4891, Jalan SS 13/4, 47500 Subang Jaya, Selangor 
Tel: 03 5637 7108, Fax: 03 5637 7109 

Sri Utama International School 
Lot 27, Jalan Usahawan 5, Setapak, 53200 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 4021 2490, Fax: 03 4021 2527 

St Christopher International Primary School Penang 
10 Nunn Road, 10350 Penang 
Tel: 04 228 0752, Fax: 04 226 4340 

Tun Dr Ismail International School of Johor 
9 Jalan Skudai, 80200 Johor 
Tel: 07 221 8112, Fax: 07 224 6770

Malaysia Healthcare   (Search by A - Z)      

Malaysia Private Hospitals


Ampang Puteri Specialist Hospital 
1 Jalan Mamanda 9, Taman Dato Ahmad Razali, 68000 Ampang
Tel: 03 4270 2500, Fax: 03 4270 2443 

Assunta Hospital 
Jalan Templer, Petaling Jaya
Tel: 03 7782 3433 (General), 03 7780 6118 (Casualty & Ambulance), Fax: 03 7781 4933 

Cheras Geriatric Centre
4th Floor, No. 1, Jalan 1/96A, Taman Cheras Makmur, 56100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 9132 5223, Fax: 03 9132 4435 

Chinese Maternity Hospital
106 Jalan Pudu, 55100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2078 2055, Fax: 03 2072 5250 

City Specialist Centre
413-425 Jalan Pudu, 55100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 9221 1255, Fax: 03 9222 04l3 

Columbia Pacific Hospital
292 Jalan Haruan 2, Oakland Commercial Park, 70300 Seremban
Tel: 06 601 1988, Tel: 06-6011848 

Damai Service Hospital 
115 - 119, Jalan Ipoh, 51200 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Tel: 03 4043 4900, Fax: 03 4043 5399 

Damansara Fertility Centre DFC - Damansara Women's Specialist Centre - DWSC 
55 Jalan SS 21/56B, Damansara Utama, 47400 Petaling Jaya, Selangor 
Tel: 03 7729 3199, Fax: 03 7727 8066 

Damansara Specialist Center 
119 Jalan SS20/10, Damansara Utama, 47400 Petaling Jaya
Tel: 03 7722 2692, Fax: 03 7722 2617 

Gleneagles Intan Medical Centre
282 & 286, Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 4257 1300 (General), 03 4255 2880 (Emeregency Only), 03 4255 2705 (Admissions) 

Gleneagles Medical Centre 
1 Jalan Pangkor, 10500 Penang
Tel: 04 227 6111 (General), 04 220 2108 (Accident & Emergency) 

Heart Scan - Medical check-up programs, health screening, cardio scanning, ECG, laboratory & x-ray services 
107 & 109 Jalan Maarof, Bangsar, 59000 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2287 0988, Fax: 03 2287 0968

Hospital Fatimah Ipoh 
1 Leboh Chew Peng Loon, Off Jalan Dato' Lau Pak Khuan, Ipoh Garden, 31400 Ipoh, Perak
Tel: 05 545 5777, Fax: 05 547 7050 

Hospital Pusrawi (Pusat Rawatan Islam) 
149 Jalan Tun Razak, 50400 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2687 5000, Fax: 03 2687 5092 

HSC Medical Center 
Lot 3.6, Level 3, PNB Darby Park, 10 Jalan Binjai, 50450 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2712 0866, Fax: 03 2712 0766 

Institut Jantung Negara IJN - National Heart Institute NHI 
145, Jalan Tun Razak, 50400 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2617 8200 

Ipoh Specialist Hospital 
26 Jalan Raja Dihilir, 30350 Ipoh, Perak
Tel: 05 241 8777, 03 241 5106, Fax: 05 254 1388 

Island Hospital 
308 MacAlister Road, 10450 Penang
Tel: 04 228 8222, 04 226 8527 (Emergency), Fax: 04 226 7989 

Johor Specialist Hospital 
39-B Jalan Abdul Samad, 80100 Johor Bahru
Tel: 07 223 7811, Fax: 07 224 8213 

Kedah Medical Centre 
Pumpong, 05250 Alor Setar, Kedah
Tel: 04 730 8878, Fax: 04 733 2869 

Kelana Jaya Medical Centre - KJMC 
1 FAS Business Avenue, Jalan Perbandaran SS7, 47301 Kelana Jaya, Petaling Jaya, Selangor 
Tel: 03 7805 2111, Fax: 03 7806 3505 

Kuantan Specialist Centre
51 Jalan Alor Akar, 25250 Kuantan, Pahang
Tel: 09 567 8588, Fax: 09 567 8098 

Lam Wah Ee Hospital 
141 Jalan Tan Sri Teh Ewe Lim, 11600 Penang
Tel: 04 657 1888, Fax: 04: 657 0940 

Mahkota Medical Centre 
3 Mahkota Melaka, Jalan Merdeka, 75000 Melaka
Tel: 06 281 3333 (general), 06 281 4068 (Accident & Emergency), Fax: 06 281 0560 

Megah Medical Specialists Group 
79 Jalan SS 23/15, Taman SEA, 47400 Petaling Jaya 
Tel: 03 7803 1212, Fax: 03 7803 8090 

Mount Miriam Hospital
Jalan Bulan, Fettes Park Tanjong Bunga, 11200 Penang
Tel: 04 890 7044, Fax: 04 890 1583 

NCI Cancer Hospital (formerly known as Nilai Cancer Institute) 
PT 137/7, Jalan BBN 2/1, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan 
Tel: 06 850 0999, Fax: 06 850 0733 

Negeri Sembilan Chinese Maternity Hospital
Lot 3900, Jalan Tun Dr Ismail, 70300 Seremban
Tel: 06 762 2104, Fax: 06 763 0105 

Normah Medical Specialist.Centre
P.O.Box 3298, 93764 Kuching, Sarawak
Tel: 082 44 0055, Fax: 082 44 2600 

Pantai Cheras Medical Centre 
1 Jalan 1/96A, Taman Cheras Makmur, 56100 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 9132 2022, Fax: 03 9132 0687 

Pantai Group of Hospitals - Pantai Putri Ipoh, Pantai Cheras, Pantai Klang Specialist, Hospital Pantai Ayer Keroh 

Pantai Medical Centre 
8 Jalan Bukit Pantai, 59100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2296 0888, Fax: 03 2282 1557 

Pantai Mutiara Hospital 
82 Jalan Tengah, Bayan Baru, 11900 Bayan Lepas, Penang 
Tel: 04 643 3888, 04 643 8799 (24 hour Accident and Emergency), Fax: 04 643 2888 

Penang Adventist Hospital 
465 Burma Road, 10350 Pulau Pinang
Tel: 04 226 1133, Fax: 04 226 3366 

Perak Chinese Maternity Hospital
277 Kampar Road, 30250 Ipoh, Perak
Tel: 05 254 8918, Fax: 05 255 4288 

Perdana Specialist Hospital
Lot PT37 & 600, Seksyen 14, Jalan Bayam, 15200 Kota Bharu, Kelantan
Tel: 09 745 8000, Fax: 09 747 2877 

Pusat Rawatan Islam An-Nisa
JKR 284, Jalan Sultan Ibrahim, 15050 Kota Bharu, Kelantan
Tel: 09 744 6023, Fax: 09 747 8197 

Roopi Medical Centre
88 Jalan Dato Haji Eusoff Damai Complex, 50400 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 4042 3766, Fax: 03 4042 5644 

Sabah Medical Centre 
P.O.Box 13393, 88838 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah
Tel: 088 42 4333, Fax: 088 42 4334 

Selangor Medical Centre
Lot 1, Jalan Singa 20/1 Section 20, 40300 Shah Alam
Tel: 03 5543 1111, Fax: 03 5543 1722 

Sentosa Medical Centre 
36 Jalan Chemur, Kompleks Damai, 50400 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 4043 7166, Fax: 03 4043 7761 

Strand Hospital & Retirement Home
1 Persiaran Cempaka, Bandar Amanjaya, 08000 Sungai Petani, Kedah
Tel: 04 442 8888, Fax: 04 442 8889 

Subang Jaya Medical Centre - SJMC 
1 Jalan SS 12/1A, 47500 Petaling Jaya
Tel: 03 5634 1212 

Sambhi Clinic & Nursing Home
19 Medan Tuanku Abdul. Rahman, 50100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2692 4594, Fax: 03 2692 9245 

Sunway Medical Centre 
No.5, Jalan Lagoon Selatan, Bandar Sunway, 46150 Petaling Jaya
Tel: 03 7491 9191, 03 6201 3211 (ambulance service), Fax: 03 7491 8181 

Tawakal Medical Center
202A Jalan Pahang, 53000 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 4023 3599 (general), 03 4023 0733 (Accident and Emergency), Fax: 03 4022 8063 

Timberland Medical Centre
Lot 5164-5165, Block 16, KCLD 2 1/2 Mile Rock Road, Taman Timberland, 93250 Kuching, Sarawak 
Tel: 082 23 4466, Fax: 082 23 2259

Tun Hussein Onn National Eye Hospital - THONEH 
Lorong Utara B, P.0.Box 514, Jalan Sultan P.O. 46760, Petaling Jaya
Tel: 03 7956 1511, Fax: 03 7956 1741 

Tung Shin Hospital 
102 Jalan Pudu, 55100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2072 1655, Fax: 03 2070 0345 


Airport Travel Clinic & Surgery 
Aras II Bangunan Terminal, Lapangan Terbang Antarabangsa, 88740 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah 
Tel: 088 26 8723 

City Medical Centre 
1A Nosmal Court, Jalan Sagunting, 88300 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah 
Tel: 088 24 6898 

Daya X-Ray Centre 
Ground Floor, Wisma PKNS, Jalan Raja Laut, 50350 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2698 0981, Fax: 03 2694 4740 

Drs Young Newton & Rakan-Rakan 
Level 2-1 Tower Block Menara Milenium, Jalan Damanlela, Pusat Bandar Damansara, 50490 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2093 3651 

Health Clinic Putrajaya 
1 Jalan P9E, 62250 Putrajaya 
Tel: 03 8888 3057, Fax: 03 8888 3054 

K Catterall, Khoo & Raja Malek 
2nd Floor, Wisma Sime Darby, Jalan Raja Laut, 50350 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2693 7670, Fax: 03 2693 7669 






Klinic Alam Medic 
41 Jalan Makmur 25/64, Taman Sri Muda, 40400 Shah Alam 
Tel: 03 5121 4177, Fax: 03 5124 9286 

Klinik Daiman 
Taman Sri Tebrau, 105 Jalan Keris Satu, Taman Sri Tebrau, 80050 Johor Bahru 
Tel: 07 332 5531, Fax: 07 334 6318 

Klinik Dr Rahim Omar & Rakan-Rakan 
Lot 108, 1/Flr Podium Bloc Dayabumi, Jalan Sultan Hishamuddin, 50050 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2274 7608 

Kelinik Genting Kelang 
191 Jalan Genting Kelang, Setapak, 53300 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 4021 6088, Fax: 03 4024 6643 

Klinik Famili & Surgeri Lim 
6G/F, Jalan 1/32, Batu 6 Off Jln Kepong, 52000 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 6250 4268 

Klinik Imbi
90 Jalan Imbi, 55100 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2142 4011 

Klinik Kanak Kanak Abraham 
2nd Floor Bangunan UMNO Selangor, 142 Jalan Ipoh, 51200 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 4042 9991, Fax: 03-4041 9879 

Klinik Malaysia 
97 Main Road, 81750 Masai, Johor 
Tel: 07 251 1369, Fax: 07 252 0872 

Klinic MediCare 
S-075, Level Two, Mid Valley Megamall, 59200 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03-2938 3381, Fax: 03 2938 3298 

Klinic MediCare 
15 Jalan Bangsar, 59200 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2282 1646, Fax: 03 2287 8310 

Klinic MediCare 
135M, Jalan Maharajalela, 50150 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2141 1306, Fax: 03 2141 0215 

Klinik Mediviron 
7G Jalan Pandan Indah 4/8, Pandan Indah, 55100 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 4296 1282 

Klinik Ng & Lee 
345-347 Jalan Pudu 55100 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 9222 5989, Fax: 03 9222 2219 

Klinik Rakan Medik 
19 Ground Floor, Jalan 4/11A, Seksyen 4 Tambahan, 43650 Bandar Baru Bangi, Selangor 
Tel: 03 8925 6566 

Klinik Rakan Medik 
25G Jalan Bandar Sepuluh, Pusat Bandar Puchong 47100 Puchong, Selangor 
Tel: 03 5882 8467, Fax: 03 5882 5384 

Klinik Salak 
30 Jalan Besar, Salak, 43900 Sepang, Selangor 
Tel: 03 8706 1105 

Klinik Syed Alwi & Chandran 
6466 Kampong Gajah Road, 12200 Butterworth, Penang 
Tel: 04 333 0789, Fax: 04 333 1340 

Klinik Thomas 
58 Persiaran Silibin Utara, Silibin, 30020 Ipoh, Perak 
Tel: 05 526 4667, Fax: 05 526 4667 

Klinik Wanita Wanita
77A & B, Changkat Bukit Bintang, off Jalan Bukit Bintang, 50200 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2142 9326 

Klinik Waqaf An-Nur 
L4-87, Aras Timbalan Tkt. 3, Plaza Kotaraya, 80000 Johor Bahru, Johor 
Tel: 07 222 7952 

Kumpulan Medic 
47 Ground. Floor, Bagunan Ghee Hong, Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2078 1532, Fax: 03 2071 5214 

Kumpulan Medic
78 Jalan SS 21/35, Damansara Utama, 47400 Petaling Jaya, Selangor 
Tel: 03 7728 4955, Fax: 03 7725 8955 

Lourdes Polyclinic 
244 Jalan Ipoh, 51200 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 4042 5335 

Nathan Klinik & Rakan-Rakan 
8 Jalan Bangsar, 59200 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2282 5767 

Perdana Polyclinics 
Lot 21 G/F Block C, Sedco Complex, 88000 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah 
Tel: 088 25 6100 

Pusat Pakar Mata Manjit Singh 
236 Ground Floor Jalan Ipoh, 51200 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 4044 3033 

Poliklinik Kumpulan City 
Lot 1.02, Ground Floor, Wisma Central, Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2161 7105 

Pusat Perubatan Taqwa 
3A Jalan Jelatek Satu, Pusat Perniagaan Jelatek, 54200 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 4257 4642 

Poliklinik Pertama
61 Jalan 2/90, Taman Pertama 3 1/2 Miles, Cheras, 50100 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 9284 3793 

Poliklinik Puteri & Surgeri 
37 Jalan Besi 1, Taman Sri Putri, Skudai 81300, Johor Bahru, Johor 
Tel: 07 557 8266, Fax: 07 556 8969 

Qualitas Pharma 
18 Ground Floor, Jalan SS 25/22, Taman Mayang, 47301 Petaling Jaya, Selangor 
Tel: 03 7805 2911, Fax: 03 7804 8704 

Reddy Klinik 
121 Jalan Ipoh, 51200 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 4041 2611 

Salam Medical Centre 
4-12, Jalan Nelayan, Jalan 19/B, Seksyen 19, 40300 Shah Alam
Tel: 03-5548 5161, Fax: 03 5541 0503 

Vicky Clinic 
18 Jalan 3/50C, Taman Setapak Indah Jaya, Jalan Genting Kelang, 53300 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 4023 1200 




Bright Smile Dental 
61A (1st.Floor) Jalan SS 3/29, 47300 Petaling Jaya, Selangor 
Tel: 03 7873 1111 

Dental Pro 
8 Lengkok Abdullah, Bangsar Utama, 59000 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2287 3333, Fax: 03 2287 9999 

Chhoa Dental Clinic 
Lot 3, 1st Floor, Block G, Segama Shopping Complex, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah 
Tel: 088 23 2196 

Eva Dental Surgery 
7 Jalan Yeoh Guan Seok, 10360 Penang 
Tel: 04 227 5848, Fax: 04 226 9835 

Foo Dental Surgery 
528 Batu Complex, Jalan Ipoh, 51200 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 6252 2011, Fax 03 6252 2009 

Hu's Dental Surgery 
1st Floor, 1-B Brooke Drive, 96000 Sibu, Sarawak 
Tel: 084 33 2226, Fax: 084 32 7310 

Klinik Pergigian Semarak 
4752A Jalan 7S 1/19, Taman Semarak, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan 
Tel: 06 799 3118, Fax: 06 799 9409 

Klinik Pergigian Wong 
261A Jalan Gunung Rapat, Taman Ipoh Jaya, 31350 Ipoh, Perak 
Tel: 05 313 4117, Fax: 05 313 4078 

NH Tan Dental Specialist Clinic 
75A Jalan Harimau Tarum, Taman Century, 80250 Johor Bahru 
Tel: 07 331 7878, Fax: 07 333 7879 

Pristine Dental Clinic 
Lot F-074, Second Floor, Mid Valley Megamall, Mid Valley City, Lingkaran Syed Putra, 59200 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2287 3782, Fax: 03 2284 3482 

Pusat Pakar Pergigian & Ortodontik Sarah 
17 Jalan Wan Kadir 2, Taman Tun Dr Ismail, 60000 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 7726 7916, Fax: 03 7722 5152 

Utama Dental Surgery 
Lot F34 & F35, 1 Utama Shopping Centre, 1 Lebuh Bandar Utama, Bandar Utama Damansara, 47800 Petaling Jaya 
Tel: 03 7725 5227, Fax: 03 7725 5221


Malaysia Government  (Search by A - Z )       


Accountant General's Department - Jabatan Akauntan Negara Malaysia 
Aras Eksekutif, Tingkat 8, Blok 2G1A, Precint 2, Kompleks Kewangan, 62594 Putrajaya 
Tel: 03 8882 1002, Fax: 03 8889 5821 

Armed Forces - Angkatan Tentera Malaysia 
Tel: 03 2692 1333 

Atomic Energy Licensing Board - Lembaga Perlesenan Tenaga Atom 

Bahagian Hal Ehwal Undang-Undang - Legal Affairs Department 
Jabatan Perdana Menteri 
Aras 3, Blok B7, Parcel B, Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan, 62502 Putrajaya 
Tel: 03 8888 1011, Fax: 03-8888 3731 

Bahagian Pengurusan Hartanah - Property & Land Management Division, Prime Minister's Department 
Jabatan Perdana Menteri 
Aras 7, Blok B3, Komplek Jabatan Perdana Menteri, Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan, 62502 Putrajaya 
Tel: 03 8888 1957, Fax: 03 8888 3031

Biro Bantuan Guaman - Legal Aid Bureau 
Jabatan Perdana Menteri 
Aras 1, Blok B7, Parcel B, Pusat Pentadbiran, Kerajaan Persekutuan, 62502 Putrajaya 
Tel:03 8888 1117, Fax: 03 8888 3791 

Biro Tatanegara - Jabatan Perdana Menteri 
Tel: 03 8888 1957 

Commission of Companies - Suruhanjaya Syarikat Malaysia
Registrar of Companies & Businesses - Pendaftar Syarikat & Perniagaan
Tingkat 2, 10-18, Putra Place, 100 Jalan Putra, 50622 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 4047 6000 (General Line), Fax: Tel: 03 4047 6317

Department of Agriculture - Jabatan Pertanian Malaysia 
Tel: 03 2698 2011 

Department of Chemistry - Jabatan Kimia Malaysia 
Tel: 03 7985 3000 

Department of Civil Aviation - Jabatan Penerbangan Awam Malaysia 
Tel: 03 8886 6000 

Department of Environment - Jabatan Alam Sekitar Malaysia 
Tel: 03 8885 8200 

Department of Irrigation & Drainage Malaysia DID - Jabatan Pengairan & Saliran Malaysia JPS 
Jalan Sultan Salahuddin, 50626 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2617 5708, Fax: 03 2691 1082 

Department of Irrigation & Drainage Sarawak 
9th & 10th Floors, Wisma Saberkas, Jalan Tun Abang Haji Openg PO Box 1230, 93626 Kuching, Sarawak 
Tel: 082 24 3241, Fax: 03 82 42 6400

Department of Museums and Antiquities Malaysia - Jabatan Muzium dan Antikuiti Malaysia 
Jalan Damansara, 50566 Kuala Lumpur.
Tel: 03 2282 6255, Fax: 03 2282 7294 

Department of National Unity - Jabatan Perpaduan Negara 
Tel: 03 2693 4400 

Department of Occupational Safety and Health DOSH - Jabatan Keselamatan dan Kesihatan Pekerjaan JKKP
Level 2, 3 & 4, Block D3, Parcel D, Federal Government Administrative Centre, 62502 Putrajaya
Tel: 03 8886 5000, Fax: 03 8889 2351 

Department of Orang Asli Affairs - Jabatan Hah Ehwal Orang Asli Malaysia JEOA 
Tel: 03 2161 0577 

Department of Public Health - Jabatan Kesihatan Awam 
Tel: 03 2694 6601 

Department of Sewerage Services - Jabatan Perkhidmatan Pembetungan 
Tel: 03 2096 2605 

Department of Standards - DSM 
Tel: 03 8885 8000 

Department of Statistics - Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia 
Tel: 03 8885 7000 

Department of Survey & Mapping - Jabatan Ukur dan Pemetaan Malaysia JUPEM 
Tel: 03 2693 3618 

Department of Town & Country Planning - Jabatan Perancangan Bandar & Desa 
Tel: 03 2698 9211 

Department of Veterinary Services - Jabatan Perkhidmatan Haiwan 
Tel: 03 2094 0077 

Department of Veterinary Services, Perak 
Jalan Sultan Azlan Shah Utara, 31400 Ipoh, Perak
Tel: 05 545 9111, Fax: 05 548 2712 

Department of Wildlife & National Parks - Jabatan Perhilitan 
Tel: 03 9075 2872 

Economic Planning Unit, Prime Minister 's Department. EPU 
Tel: 03 8888 3333 

Electricity & Gas Supply Department - Jabatan Bekalan Elektrik & Gas Malaysia 
Tel: 03 4047 5400 

Examinations Syndicate - Lembaga Peperiksaan Malaysia 
Tel: 03 2094 1144 

Fire & Rescue Department - Jabatan Bomba dan Penyelamat Malaysia. 
Tel: 03 8888 0036 

Fisheries Development Authority of Malaysia (FDAM) - Lembaga Kemajuan Ikan Malaysia (LKIM) 
Tel: 03 2617 7000 

Forestry Department Peninsular Malaysia - Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia 
Tel: 03 2698 8244 

Forestry Department Sarawak 
Wisma Sumber Alam, Jalan Stadium, Petra Jaya, 93660 Kuching, Sarawak
Tel: 082 31 9102, Fax: 082 44 1377 

Immigration Department of Malaysia - Jabatan Imigresen Malaysia 
Tel: 03 2095 5077 

Inland Revenue Board Malaysia IRB - Lembaga Hasil Dalam Negeri LHDN 
Tel: 03 6201 7055, 03 6201 0066 

Industrial Court - Mahkamah Perusahaan 
Tel: 03 2691 2011, 03 2691 2121, 03 2691 2414 

Information Department of Malaysia - Jabatan Penerangan Malaysia 
Tel: 03 2698 3355 

Jabatan Agama Islam Selangor JAIS - Islamic Department of Selangor 

Jabatan Agama Islam Wilayah Persekutuan JAWI - Federal Territory Islamic Affairs Department 
Kompleks Pusat Islam, Jalan Perdana, 50519 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2274 9333 (KL), 03 8889 2971 (Putrajaya), 087 41 5311 (Labuan) 

Jabatan Hal-Ehwal Agama Islam Perlis JAIPs - Islamic Affairs Department of Perlis 
Tel: 04 976 1442, Fax: 04 976 1334 

Jabatan Insolvensi Malaysia - Department of Insolvency 
Jabatan Perdana Menteri 
Aras 3, Blok B7, Parcel B, Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan, 62502 Putrajaya 
Tel: 03 8888 1012, Fax: 8888 3717 

Jabatan Kehakiman Syariah Malaysia JKSM 
Aras 2 & 3, Blok D7, Parcel D, Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan, 62677 Putrajaya 
Tel: 03 8886 4800, Fax: 03 8889 1627

Jabatan Kemajuan Islam Malaysia JAKIM - Department Of Islamic Development Malaysia 
Tel: 03 8886 4282 

Jabatan Kerja Raya JKR - Public Works Department PWD 
Tel: 03-2691 9011 

Jabatan Mufti Negeri Selangor 
Tingkat 7 & 8, Menara Utara, Bangunan Sultan Idris Shah, 40000 Shah Alam, Selangor 
Tel: 03 5514 3738, Fax: 03 5519 7584 

Jabatan Penerangan Malaysia - Information Department of Malaysia 

Jabatan Pengangkutan Jalan Malaysia JPJ - Road Transport Department RTD 
Hotline Tel: 03 8886 6400 

Jabatan Pengangkutan Jalan Negeri Sabah - JPJ Sabah 
Jalan Bundusan, Penampang, Beg Berkunci 2013, 88620 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah 
Tel: 088 71 7777, Fax: 088 72 3366 

Jabatan Pengangkutan Jalan Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur - JPJ KL 
Lot 14264 Jalan Genting Kelang, Setapak, 53300 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 4024 1200, Fax: 03 4023 6599 

Jabatan Perkhidmatan Awam JPA - Public Service Department PSD 
Blok C1 & C2, Parcel C, Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan, 62510 Putrajaya 
Tel: 03 8885 3000 

Jabatan Perhutanan Negeri Kedah - Kedah Forestry Department 
Tingkat 8, Bangunan Sultan Abdul Halim, 05000 Alor Setar, Kedah 
Tel: 04 733 3844, Fax: 04 731 0610 

Jabatan Perhutanan Semenanjung Malaysia JPSM - Forestry Department of Peninsular Malaysia 
Jalan Sultan Salahuddin, 50660 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2616 4488, Fax: 03 2692 5657

Jabatan Perpaduan & Integrasi Nasional - Department of National Unity & Integration 
Jabatan Perdana Menteri 
Aras 7-10, Blok E2, Parcel E, Pusat Pentadbiran Persekutuan Putrajaya, 62502 Putrajaya 
Tel: 03 8883 7000

Kastam Diraja Malaysia - Royal Customs Malaysia 
(formerly Jabatan Kastam Dan Eksais Diraja Malaysia - Royal Customs & Excise Department) 
Blok 11, Kompleks Pejabat-pejabat Kerajaan, Jalan Duta, 50596 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 6201 6088, Fax: 03 6201 5125, E-mail: '; document.write( '' ); document.write( addy_text28998 ); document.write( '<\/a>' ); //-->\n 

Ketua Setiausaha Negara Malaysia - Chief Secretary to the Government of Malaysia 
Jabatan Perdana Menteri 
Blok Timur, Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan, 62502 Putrajaya 
Tel: 03 8888 1480, Tel: 03 8888 3382 

Labour Department - Jabatan Buruh Semenanjung Malaysia 
Tel: 03 8886 5000 

Landscape Department - Jabatan Landskap Negara 
Tel: 03 4045 2416 

Malaysian Meteorological Service - Perkhidmatan Kajicuaca Malaysia 
Tel: 03 7967 8000, Info Cuaca Tel: 600 82 7752 
Weather Forecast - Ramalan Cuaca: 

Malaysian Army - Tentera Darat Malaysia. TDM 
Tel: 03 2692 1333 

Manpower Department - Jabatan Tenaga Rakyat 
Tel: 03 2095 7222 

Marine Department of Malaysia - Jabatan Laut Malaysia 
Tel: 03 3167 7677 

Minerals and Geoscience Department Malaysia - JMG 
19th-22nd Floor, Bangunan Tabung Haji, Jln Tun Razak, 50658 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2161 1033, Fax: 03 2161 1036

National Audit Department - Jabatan Audit Negara Malaysia 
Tel: 03 2694 6422 

National Registration Department NRD - Jabatan Pendaftaran Negara JPN 
Tel: 03 7968 3200 (PJ), KL Tel: 03 2692 5044 (KL) 

National Security Division NSD - Bahagian Keselamatan Negara BKN 
Tel: 03 8888 2085 

Pejabat Ketua Pegawai Keselamatan Kerajaan Malaysia - Office of The Government Chief Security Officer 
Jabatan Perdana Menteri 
Aras 1 & 2, Blok B7, Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan, 62502 Wilayah Persekutuan Putrajaya 
Tel: 03 8888 1957, Fax: 03 8888 3258 

Pejabat Setiausaha Persekutuan Sabah - Office of Federal Secretary, Sabah 
Jabatan Perdana Perdana Menteri Malaysia 
Tingkat 7, Rumah Persekutuan, Beg Berkunci No. 2063, Jalan Mat Salleh, 88592 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah 
Tel: 088 24 4303, Fax: 088 21 8950 

Pejabat Setiausaha Persekutuan Sarawak - Office of Federal Secretary, Sarawak 
Jabatan Perdana Perdana Menteri Malaysia 
Tingkat 17, Bangunan Sultan Iskandar, Jalan Simpang Tiga, 93300 Kuching, Sarawak 
Tel: 082 24 4077, Fax: 082 24 3332 

Prisons Department - Jabatan Penjara Malaysia 
Tel: 03 8736 8505 

Public Complaints Bureau - Biro Pengaduan Awam 
Tel: 03 8888 7777 

Public Services Commission PSC - Suruhanjaya Perkhidmatan Awam Malaysia 
Tel: 03 8885 6000 

Registrar of Society ROS - Jabatan Pendaftaran Pertubuhan Malaysia JPPM 
Tel: 03 4041 1577 

Royal Malaysian Air Force - Tentera Udara DiRaja Malaysia. TUDM 
Tel: 03 2692 1333 (Mindef) 

Royal Malaysian Navy - Tentera Laut DiRaja Malaysia. TLDM 
Tel: 03 2692 1333 (Mindef) 

Royal Malaysian Police - Polis Diraja Malaysia PDRM 
Tel: 03 2262 6310 (Bukit Aman) 

Social Welfare Department - Jabatan Kebajikan Masyarakat Malaysia 
Tel: 03 2692 5011 

Unit Penyelarasan Pelaksanaan - Implementation & Coordination Unit - ICU 
Bangunan Perdana Putra, Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan, 62502 Putrajaya, Wilayah Persekutuan 
Tel: 03 8888 1957, Fax: 03 8888 3528 

Urban Transportion Department, Kuala Lumpur City Hall - Jabatan Pengangkutan Bandar 

Valuation & Property Services Department - Jabatan Penilaian Dan Perkhidmatan Harta JPPH 
Tel: 03 8882 4600 


Federal Goverment



Prime Minister's Office 
Pejabat Perdana Menteri Malaysia
Prime Minister: Dato’ Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi 
Federal Government Administration Center, Bangunan Perdana Putra, 62502 Putrajaya 
Tel: 03 8888 8000, Fax: 03 8888 3444 

Deputy Prime Minister's Office
Pejabat Timbalan Perdana Menteri Malaysia 
Deputy Prime Minister: Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib Bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak 
Aras 4, Blok Barat, Bangunan Perdana Putra, Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan, 62502 Putrajaya 
Tel: 03 8888 1950, Fax: 03 8888 0035 

Ministers in the Prime Minister's Department:
Minister: Tan Sri Bernard Giluk Dompok 
Minister: Dato’ Seri Mohamad Nazri Bin Abdul Aziz 
Minister: Senator Dato' Sri Mohd Effendi Bin Norwawi 
Minister: Prof Datuk Dr Abdullah Bin Mohd Zin 
Minister: Datuk Dr Maximus @ Johnity Ongkili 

Deputy Ministers Ministers in the Prime Minister's Department:
Deputy Minister: Datuk Dr M Kayveas 
Deputy Minister: Encik Joseph Entulu Anak Belaun 
Deputy Minister: Senator Dato' Abdul Rahman Bin Suliman 

Parliamentary Secretary of the Prime Minister's Office
Dato' Dr Mashitah Binti Ibrahim 

Ministry of Agriculture & Agro-Based Industry 
Kementerian Pertanian & Industri Asas Tani 
Minister: Tan Sri Dato' Hj. Muhyiddin Bin Hj Mohd Yassin 
Deputy: Dato' Seri Mohd Shariff Hj Omar 
Deputy: Datuk Mah Siew Keong 
Wisma Tani, Jalan Sultan Salahuddin, 50624 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2617 5000, Fax: 03 2691 3758 

Ministry of Arts, Culture & Heritage 
Kementerian Kesenian, Kebudayaan & Warisan - KeKKWa 
Minister: Datuk Seri Utama Dr Rais Yatim 
Deputy: Dato' Wong Kam Hoong 
Tingkat 26, 27, 30, 34 & 35, Menara TH Perdana, Maju Junction, 1001 Jalan Sultan Ismail, 50694 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2612 7600, Fax: 03 2693 5114 

Ministry of Defence 
Kementerian Pertahanan 
Minister: Dato' Sri Mohd Najib Bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak 
Deputy: Dato' Hj Zainal Abidin Bin Hj Zin 
Jalan Padang Tembak, 50634 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2071 1333, Fax: 03 2691 7217 

Ministry of Domestic Trade & Consumer Affairs 
Kementerian Perdagangan Dalam Negeri & Hal Ehwal Pengguna 
Minister: Dato’ Shafie Bin Haji Apdal 
Deputy: Dato’ S. Veerasingam 
Deputy: Encik Hoo Seong Chang 
Lot 2G3, Presint 2, Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan, 62623 Putrajaya 
Tel: 03 8882 5500, 1 800 866 800 (Aduan Harga), 1 800 882 002 (Anti Piracy), Fax: 03 8882 5762 

Ministry of Education 
Kementerian Pendidikan 
Minister: Dato’ Hishammuddin Bin Tun Hussein 
Deputy: Dato’ Hong Choon Kin 
Deputy: Dato' Haji Noh Bin Omar 
Aras 5, Blok E8, Parcel E, Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan, 62604 Putrajaya 
Tel: 03 8884 6000 

Ministry of Energy, Water & Communications 
Kementerian Tenaga, Air & Komunikasi 
Minister: Dato’ Seri Dr. Lim Keng Yaik 
Deputy: Dato’ Shaziman Bin Abu Mansor 
Block E4/5, Kompleks Kerajaan Parcel E, Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan, 62668 Putrajaya 
Tel: 03 8883 6000, Fax: 03 8889 3712 

Ministry of Entrepreneur & Cooperative Development 
Kementerian Pembangunan Usahawan & Koperasi 
Minister: Dato’ Mohamed Khaled Bin Nordin 
Deputy: Dato’ Khamsiyah Binti Yeop 
2 (Lot 2G6), Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan, Putrajaya 
Tel: 03 03 8880 5000, Fax: 03 8880 5106 

Ministry of Federal Territories 
Kementerian Wilayah Persekutuan 
Minister: Dato' Haji Zulhasnan Bin Rafique 
Deputy: Datuk Wira Abu Seman Bin Haji Yusop 
Aras 1-4, Blok 2, Menara PjH, Presint 2, 62100 Putrajaya 
Tel: 03 8889 7888, Fax: 03 8888 9140 

Ministry of Finance 
Kementerian Kewangan 
Minister: Dato’ Seri Abdullah Bin Haji Ahmad Badawi 
Minister: Senator Tan Sri Nor Mohamed Bin Yakcop 
Deputy: Datuk Dr Ng Yen Yen 
Deputy: Dr. Awang Adek Bin Hussin 
Kompleks Kementerian Kewangan, Precinct 2, 62592 Putrajaya 
Tel: 03 8882 3000, Fax: 03 8882 3892 

Ministry of Foreign Affairs 
Kementerian Luar Negeri 
Minister: Datuk Seri Syed Hamid Bin Syed Jaafar Albar 
Deputy: Datuk Joseph Salang Gandum 
Wisma Putra, 1 Jalan Wisma Putra, Precinct 2, 62602 Putrajaya 
Tel: 03 8887 4000, 03 887 4570 (After Hours/Emergency), Fax: 03 8889 1717 

Ministry of Health 
Kementerian Kesihatan 
Minister: Datuk Dr Chua Soi Lek 
Deputy: Datuk Dr Abdul Latiff Bin Ahmad 
Blok E7, Parcel E, Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan, 62510 Wilayah Persekutuan 
Tel: 03 8883 2539, Fax: 03 8889 5245 

Ministry of Higher Education 
Kementerian Pendidikan Tinggi 
Minister: Datuk Mustapa bin Mohamed 
Deputy: Datuk Ong Tee Keat 
Blok E3, Parcel E, Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan, 62505 Putrajaya 
Tel: 03 8883 5000, Fax: 03 8889 3921 

Ministry of Home Affairs 
Kementerian Dalam Negeri 
Minister: Datuk Seri Mohd. Radzi bin Sheikh Ahmad 
Deputy: Dato Tan Chai Ho 
Blok D1, Parcel D, Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan, 62546 Putrajaya 
Tel: 03 8886 8000, Fax: 03 8889 1613 

Ministry Housing & Local Government 
Kementerian Perumahan & Kerajaan Tempatan 
Minister: Dato' Seri Ong Ka Ting 
Deputy: Dato' Hjh Azizah Binti Datuk S.P. Hj Mohd Dun 
Deputy: Datuk Robert Lau Hoi Chew 
Paras 5, Blok K, Pusat Bandar Damansara, Peti Surat 12579, 50782 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2094 7033, Fax: 03 2094 7380 

Ministry of Human Resources 
Kementerian Sumber Manusia 
Minister: Datuk Wira Dr Fong Chan Onn 
Deputy: Datuk Abdul Rahman Bin Bakar 
Level 6-9, Block D3, Parcel D, Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan, 62502 Putrajaya 
Tel: 03 8886 5000, Fax: 03 8889 2381 

Ministry of Information 
Kementerian Penerangan 
Minister: Datuk Zainuddin Bin Maidin 
Deputy: Datuk Ahmad Zahid bin Hamidi 
Deputy: Encik Chia Kwang Chye 
Angkasapuri, Bukit Putra, 50610 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2282 5333, Fax: 03 2282 1255 

Ministry of Internal Security 
Kementerian Keselamatan Dalam Negeri 
Minister: Dato’ Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi 
Deputy: Dato' Mohd Johari Bin Baharum 
Deputy: Dato' Fu Ah Kiow 
Blok D1 & D2, Parcel D, Pusat Pentadbiran & Kerajaan Persekutuan, 62546 Putrajaya 
Tel: 03 8886 8000, Fax: 03 8889 1613 

Ministry of International Trade & Industry 
Kementerian Perdagangan Antarabangsa & Industri 
Minister: Dato' Seri Rafidah binti Aziz
Deputy: Dato` Hj Ahmad Husni Mohamad Hanazlah 
Deputy: Encik Ng Lip Yong 
Block 10, Government Offices Complex, Jalan Duta, 50622 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 6203 3022, Fax: 03 6203 2337 

Ministry of Natural Resources & Environment 
Kementerian Sumber Asli & Alam Sekitar 
Minister: Dato’ Seri Hj Azmi Khalid 
Deputy: Sothinathan a/l Sinna Gaundar 
Tingkat 13, Wisma Tanah, Jalan Semarak, 50574, Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2692 1566, Fax: 03 2691 9426 

Ministry of Plantation Industries & Commodities 
Kementerian Perusahaan Perladangan & Komoditi 
Minister: Dato’ Peter Chin Fah Kui 
Deputy: Datuk Anifah Bin Hj Aman 
Aras 6-13, Lot 2G4, Precint 2, Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan, 62654 Putrajaya 
Tel: 03 8880 3300, Fax: 03 8880 3422 

Ministry of Rural & Regional Development 
Kementerian Kemajuan Luar Bandar & Wilayah 
Minister: Dato’ Abdul Aziz Bin Shamsudin 
Deputy: Dato' Haji Zainal Abidin Bin Haji Osman 
Deputy: Datuk Dr. Tekhee @ Tiki Anak Lafe 
Blok D9, Parcel D, Kompleks Kerajaan Persekutuan, 62606 Putrajaya 
Tel: 03 8886 3500, Fax: 03 8889 2104 

Ministry of Science, Technology & Innovations 
Kementerian Sains, Teknologi & Inovasi 
Minister: Dato’ Dr Jamaluddin Bin Dato’ Mohd Jarjis 
Deputy: Dato' Kong Cho Ha 
1-7, Blok C5, Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan, 62662 Putrajaya 
Tel: 03 8885 8000, Fax: 03 8888 6070 

Ministry of Tourism 
Kementerian Pelancongan 
Minister: Senator Datuk Tengku Adnan Tengku Mansor 
Deputy: Dato' Donald Lim Siang Chai 
Tingkat 6, 21, 32-36, Menara Dato' Onn, Pusat Dagangan Dunia Putra, 45 Jalan Tun Ismail, 50695 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2693 7111, Fax: 03 2694 1146 

Ministry of Transport 
Kementerian Pengangkutan 
Minister: Dato’ Sri Chan Kong Choy 
Deputy: Tengku Dato’ Seri Azlan Ibni Sultan Abu Bakar 
Deputy: Datuk Douglas Uggah Embas 
Aras 5, 6 & 7, Blok D5, Parcel D, Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan, 62502 Putrajaya 
Tel: 03 8886 6000, Fax: 03 8889 2537

Ministry of Women, Family & Community Development 
Kementerian Pembangunan Wanita, Keluaga & Masyarakat 
Minister: Datuk Shahrizat Binti Abdul Jalil 
Deputy: Dato' G Palanivel a/l K Govindasamy 
Aras 1-6, Blok E, Kompleks Pejabat Kerajaan Bukit Perdana, Jalan Dato' Onn, 50515 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2693 0095, Fax: 03 2693 4982 

Ministry of Works 
Kementerian Kerja Raya 
Minister: Dato' Seri S Samy Vellu 
Deputy: Dato` Ir Mohd Zain Mohamad 
Tingkat 4, Blok B, Kompleks Kerja Raya, Jalan Sultan Salahuddin, 50580 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 03-2711 1100, Fax: 03 2711 6564 

Ministry of Youth & Sports 
Kementerian Belia & Sukan or 
Minister: Dato' Azalina Binti Dato' Othman Said 
Deputy: Dato' Liow Tiong Lai 
Lot 4 G4, Presint 4, Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan, 62570 Putrajaya 
Tel: 03 8871 3333, Fax: 03 8888 8767 


Government Bodies


Academy Of Sciences - Akademi Sains Malaysia 
Tel: 03 2694 9898 

Anti Corruption Agency ACA - Badan Pencegah Rasuah BPR 
Tel: 03 6201 1982 

Biotechcorp - Malaysian Biotechnology Corporation - Implementing agency for furthering biotechnology objectives 
Level 23, Menara Naluri, 161 Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2116 5588, Fax: 03 2116 5411 

Board of Architects Malaysia - Lembaga Arkitek Malaysia 
Tingkat 17, Block F, Ibu Pejabat JKR, Jalan Sultan Salahuddin, 50582 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2698 2878, Fax: 03 2693 6881

Communications and Multimedia Consumer Forum of Malaysia, The 

CMC - Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission 
Tel: 03 4047 7000 

DARA - Lembaga Kemajuan Pahang Tenggara 
Wisma Sultan Ahmad Shah, 26700 Muadzam Shah, Pahang
Tel: 09 452 2300, Fax: 09 452 2110 

Dasar Sosial Negara DSN - National Social Policy 
Bahagian Pengembangan & Pembangunan PINTAS, 
Tingkat 20, Wisma Bumi Raya, Jalan Raja Laut, 50562 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2692 5022, Fax: 03 2693 7353 

Dewan Bahasa & Pustaka - DBP 
Tel: 03 2148 1011 

Elections Commission - Suruhanjaya Pilihan Raya Malaysia 
Tel: 03 8885 6500 

EPF - Kumpulan Wang Simpanan Pekerja KWSP. Employees Provident Fund 
Tel: 03 2694 6566, 03 2694 7566, 03 2694 8566 

Energy Commission - Suruhanjaya Tenaga or 
13th Floor, Menara TH Perdana, 1001 Jalan Sultan Ismail, 50250 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2612 5400, Fax: 03 2693 7791

Examinations Council - Majlis Peperiksaan Malaysia 
Tel: 03 6136 9663 

FAMA - Lembaga Pemasaran Pertanian Persekutuan Malaysia (with pasar tani schedule) 
Bangunan FAMA Point, Lot 17304 Jalan Persiaran 1, Bandar Baru Selayang, 68100 Batu Caves, Selangor 
Tel: 03 6138 9622, Fax: 03 6136 5610 

FELCRA Berhad - Lembaga Penyatuan dan Pemulihan Tanah Persekutuan 
Tel: 03 4143 3646 

FELDA - Federal Land Development Authority or Lembaga Kemajuan Tanah Persekutuan 
Tel: 03 2693 5066 

Filem Negara 
Tel: 03 7968 2137 

FINAS - Perbadanan Kemajuan Filem Nasiona. National Film Development Corporation 
Tel: 03 4108 5722 

FRIM - Forest Research Institute of Malaysia 
Tel: 03 6279 7000 

Gerbang Mesra Selangor 

Halal JAKIM - Pensijilan Halal JAKIM, aduan Halal & semakan status Halal, certification, logo, food 

Highway Authority - LLM Lembaga Lebuhraya Malaysia 
Tel: 03 8737 3000 

IKIM - Institut Kefahaman Islam Malaysia. Institute of Islamic Understanding Malaysia 
Tel: 03 6204 6200 

Institut Jantung Negara IJN - National Heart Institute NHI 
145, Jalan Tun Razak, 50400 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2617 8200 

Institut Latihan Kehakiman & Perundangan - Judicial & Legal Training Institute 
Lot 5, Jalan Universiti, Seksyen 15, 43650 Bandar Baru Bangi, Selangor 
Tel: 03 8925 9088, Fax: 03 8924 3413 

Institut Penilaian Negara - INSPEN - National Institute Of Valuation 
5 Persiaran Institute Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor 
Tel: 03 8925 9377, Fax: 03 8925 8100 

Institut Sosial Malaysia - ISM - Social Institute of Malaysia 

Institute for Development Studies (Sabah) - IDS 
Suite 7CFO1, 7th Floor, Block C, Kompleks Karamunsing 88300 Kota Kinabalu
Tel: 088 246166, Fax: 088 234707 

Institute of Diplomacy and Foreign Relations, The (IDFR) 

INTAN - Institut Tadbiran Awam Negara or National Institute of Public Administration 
Tel: 03 2095 2400 

KEDA Lembaga Kemajuan Wilayah Kedah - Kedah Regional Development Authority 
Bangunan UMNO, Jalan Tunku Ibrahim, Peti Surat 195, 05720 Alor Setar, Kedah
Tel: 04 733 1966, Fax: 04 731 3966 

Kedai.Kom - Perak, Kedah 
Program Pembangunan Komunikasi Rakyat (PPKR) untuk menyalurkan akses perkhidmatan komunikasi terutamanya perkhidmatan internet jalur lebar ke kawasan luar bandar 

KEJORA - Lembaga Kemajuan Johor Tenggara 
Jalan Dato' Hj Hassan Yunos, Bandar Penawar, 81900 Kota Tinggi, Johor
Tel: 07 822 1601, Fax: 07 822 1600 

KETENGAH - Lembaga Kemajuan Terengganu Tengah 
Karung Berkunci No. 3, 23409 Al Muktafi Billah Shah, Terengganu
Tel: 09 822 3100, Fax: 09 822 3104 

Land Custody & Development Authority - LCDA 
Level 5, 8 & 12, Wisma Satok, Jalan Satok, 93400 Kuching, Sarawak 
Tel: 082 23 5944, Fax: 082 23 6001 

Lembaga Getah Malaysia LGM - Malaysian Rubber Board 
Bangunan Getah Asli (Menara), Tingkat 17 & 18, Bangunan Getah Asli, 148 Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 9206 2000, Fax: 03 2163 4492 

Lembaga Penduduk dan Pembangunan Keluarga Negara LPPKN - National Population & Family Development Board 
12B, LPPKN Building, Jalan Raja Laut, 50350 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2693 7555, Fax: 03 2692 1357 

Lembaga Pengarah Pembangunan Sumber Manusia Berhad PSMB - Human Resources Development Fund
Pendaftaran Skim Latihan Graduan - Graduate Training Scheme Registration 
Tingkat 7, Wisma Chase Perdana, Off Jalan Semantan, Bukit Damansara, 50490 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2098 4800, Fax: 03 2093 5722 

Lembaga Tabung Angkatan Tentera - LTAT 
Tingkat 9-12, Bangunan LTAT, Jalan Bukit Bintang, 50748 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2148 9777, Fax: 03 2148 0939 

Lembaga Tabung Haji - Pilgrims Fund Board 
Tel: 03 2161 2233, 03 2161 4255 

Malaysia Design Council 
SIRIM Berhad Complex, Block 25, 1 Persiaran Dato' Menteri, Section 2, 40911 Shah Alam, Selangor 
Tel: 03 5544 5621, Fax: 03 5544 5620 

Malaysia Design Innovation Centre - MDIC 
Inovasi: 2-3, Jalan Teknokrat 1/1, 63000 Cyberjaya, Selangor 
Tel: 03 8317 8888, Fax: 03 8317 8988 

Malaysian Centre for Remote Sensing - MACRES
13 Jalan Tun Ismail, 50480 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Tel: 03 26973400, Fax: 03 2697 3350 

Malaysian Cocoa Board (Industry) - Lembaga Koko Malaysia (Industri) 
Tel: 088 25 2572 

Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission - MCMC
Suruhanjaya Komunikasi & Multimedia Malaysia
Level 11, Menara Dato' Onn, Putra World Trade Centre, 45 Jalan Tun Ismail, 50480 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 1 800 888 030, 03 4047 7000, Fax: 03 2694 0943 

Malaysian Industry-Government Group for High Technology - MIGHT 
Office of the Science Advisor to Prime Minister
Level 6, Block A2, Menara PjH, Presinct 2, 62100 Putrajaya
Tel: 03 83157888, Fax: 03 8888 8232 

Malaysian Pineapple Industry Board 

Malaysian Timber Certification Council, The 
19 F, Level 19, Menara PGRM, 8 Jalan Pudu Ulu, Cheras, 56100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 9200 5008, Fax: 03 9200 6008 

Malaysian Timber Council - MTC 
Tel: 03 9281 1999 

Malaysian Timber Industry Board - MTIB 
Level 13-17, Menara PGRM, 8 Jalan Pudu Ulu, Cheras, 50728 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 9282 2235, Fax: 03 9285 1477 

MAMPU - Malaysian Administrative Modernisation & Management Planning Unit
Unit Pemodenan Tadbiran dan Perancangan Pengurusan Malaysia. 
Tel: 03 8888 1199 

Maritime Institute - MIMA 

MARA - Majlis Amanah Rakyat or Council of Trust For the Indigenous People 
21 Jalan Raja Laut, 50609 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2691 5111, Fax: 03 26913620 

MARDEC Berhad 
Tel: 03 4256 7055 

MARDI - Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute 
Tel: 03 8943 7111 

MASTIC - Malaysian Science & Technology Information Centre 
Tel: 03 8885 8000 

MDIC Malaysian Defence Industry Council - Majlis Industri Pertahanan Malaysia 
Tel: 03 2071 5675 

MIMOS - Malaysian Institute of Microelectronic Systems 
Tel: 03 8996 5000, 03 8996 1900, 03 8996 5000 (Anjung MIMOS) 

MINT - Malaysian Institute for Nuclear Technology Research
Institut Penyelidikan Teknologi Nuklear Malaysia 
Tel: 03 8925 0510 

MPOB - Malaysian Palm Oil Board 
Tel: 03 8925 9155 

MPOPC - Malaysian Palm Oil Promotion Council 

MTDC Malaysian Technology Development Corporation 
Tel: 03 2161 2000 

Multimedia Development Corporation - MDeC (formerly MDC) or 
Tel: 03 8318 8477 

Multimedia Technology Enhancement Operations - METEOR 
Post Box 132, 16th Floor, Angkasa Raya Building, Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2148 8400, Fax: 03 2141 5400 

Multimedia Super Corridor - MSC 
MSC Headquarters
2360 Persiaran APEC, 63000 Cyberjaya
Tel: 03 8315 3000, Fax: 03 8318 8519 

MyCERT - Malaysian Computer Emergency Response Team 
c/o MIMOS Berhad, Technology Park Malaysia, 57000 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 8996 1901, Fax: 03 8996 0827

MyKad - Kad Pintar Pelbagaiguna Kerajaan - Government Multipurpose ID Card 

MyNIC - Malaysian Network Information Center (.my domain name registration) 
Tel: 03 8657 7008 

National Archives - Arkib Negara Malaysia 
Tel: 03 6201 0688 

National Biotechnology Directorate 
Ministry of Science Technology & Innovation,
Level 3, Block C4, Parcel C, Federal Government Administrative Centre, 62662 Putrajaya
Tel: 03 8885 8187, Fax: 03 8888 4050 

National Biotechnology & Bioinformatics Network - NBBnet 
Aras 3, Blok C4, Parcel C, Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persekutuan, 62662 Putrajaya

National Library - Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia 
Tel: 03 2687 1700 

National Narcotic Agency (Anti-Drug) - Agensi Anti-Dadah Kebangsaan 

National Pharmaceutical Control Bureau NPCB - Biro Pengawalan Farmaseutikal Kebangsaan BPFK 
Tel: 03 7957 3611 

National Sports Council - Majlis Sukan Negara Malaysia Kompleks Sukan Negara, Bukit Jalil 
Tel: 03 8992 9600 

NIOSH - National Institute Of Occupational Safety And Health 
Tel: 03 8926 1900 

NISER - National ICT Security and Emergency Response Centre 
c/o MIMOS Berhad.
Technology Park Malaysia, 57000 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 8996 1901, Fax: 03 8996 0827, E-mail: '; document.write( '' ); document.write( addy_text26560 ); document.write( '<\/a>' ); //-->\n 

NLAC National Labour Advisory Council 

NPC - National Productivity Corporation. Perbadanan Produktiviti Negara 
Tel: 03 7955 7266 

Olympic Council Of Malaysia - OCM 
Tel: 03 2715 2802 

Parliament - Parlimen Malaysia (Dewan Rakyat & Dewan Negara) 
Tel: 03 2072 1955 

Penang Development Corporation 
1 Pesiaran Mahsuri, Bandar Bayan Baru, 11909 Bayan Lepas, Penang
Tel: 04 634 0111, Fax: 04 643 2405

Pepper Marketing Board 
Tel: 082 33 1811 

Perbadanan Harta Intelek Malaysia - Intellectual Property Corporation of Malaysia 
Aras 32, Menara Dayabumi, Jalan Sultan Hishamuddin, 50623 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2274 8671(Counter), 03 2274 2100 (Operator), Fax: 03 2274 1332

Perbadanan Putrajaya 
Tel: 03 8887 7000 

Percetakan Nasional Malaysia Berhad (PNMB) - Print Nasional Malaysia Berhad
(Privatised company which was previously the National Government Printers) 
Jalan Chan Sow Lin, 50554 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 9221 2022, Fax: 03 9222 4773 

PERDA Lembaga Kemajuan Wilayah Pulau Pinang - Penang Regional Development Authority 
1 Lorong Kampung Gajah 2, Jalan Kampung Gajah, 12200 Butterworth, Pulau Pinang
Tel: 04 310 3100, Fax: 04 3321676 

PERKESO - See SOCSO below 

PKNS Perbadanan Kemajuan Negeri Selangor 
Tel: 03 7957 2955 

PORIM - Palm Oil Reseach Institute of Malaysia 


Pusat Infrastruktur Data Geospatial Negara - Malaysian Centre for Geospatial Data Infrastructure (MaCGDI) 
Tingkat 16, Wisma Tanah, Jalan Semarak, 50574, Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2692 1566, Fax: 03-2693 4941 

Pusat Pelancongan Malaysia - Malaysia Tourism Centre MTC 
109 Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2163 3664, Fax: 03 2162 1149 

Pusat Sains Negara PSN - National Science Center 
Pesiaran Bukit Kiara, Bukit Kiara, 50662 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2092 1150, Fax: 03 2092 1250 

Pusat Tenaga Malaysia - National energy research centre 

Puspakom - Pusat Pemeriksaan Kenderaan Berkomputer. Vehicle Inspection & Safety Certification Center
553 A-E, Tkt 3&4, Batu 3 1/2, Jalan Ipoh 51200 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 6258 3233, Fax: 03 6253 6199, E-mail: '; document.write( '' ); document.write( addy_text71717 ); document.write( '<\/a>' ); //-->\n 
Jalan Genting Klang, Setapak, 53300 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 4143 3321, Fax: 03 4143 5388

Bangunan RISDA, Km 7 Jalan Ampang, 50990 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 4256 4022, Fax: 03 4257 6726 

Sabah Economic Development Corporation - SEDCO 
Tingkat 8, 9, 10, Wisma SEDCO, Lorong Plaza Wawasan, Off Coastal Highway, 88823 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah
Tel: 088 26 6777, Fax: 088 21 9179 

Sabah Energy Corporation 
1st, 2nd & 3rd Floors, Wisma Boon Siew, 9.5 KM, Tuaran Road, 88450 Inanam, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah 
Tel: 088 44 0600, Fax: 088 44 0607 

Sarawak Development Institute - SDI 
Kompleks AZAM, Jalan Crookshank, 93000 Kuching, Sarawak
Tel: 082 41 5484, Fax: 082 41 2799 

Sarawak Economic Development Corporation SEDC 
6-11th Floor, Menara SEDC, Jalan Tunku Abdul Rahman, P O Box 400, 93902 Kuching, Sarawak 
Tel: 082 41 6777, Fax: 082 42 4330

Sarawak Forestry 
Level 12, Office Tower, Hock Lee Centre, Jalan Datuk Abang Abdul Rahim, 93450 Kuching, Sarawak
Tel: 1 800 88 2526, 082 34 8001, Fax: 082 48 8654 

Selangor Industrial Corporation - SIC 
1 Jalan Singa B 20/B, Seksyen 20, 40000 Shah Alam, Selangor 
Tel: 03 5541 6499, Fax: 03 5542 3573 

Selangor State Investment Centre - SSIC 
24th Floor, Wisma MBSA, Persiaran Perbandaran, 40000 Shah Alam
Tel: 03 5510 2005, Fax: 03 5519 6403 

SERI - Penang State Government's Socio-Economic and Environmental Research Institute (Think Tank)

SIRIM Berhad - Standards and Industrial Research Institute of Malaysia 
Tel: 03 5544 6000 

SOCSO - Social Security Organization. PERKESO Pertubuhan Keselamatan Sosial Malaysia 
Menara PERKESO, 281 Jalan Ampang, 50538 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 4264 5000, 03 4257 5755 (Hotline) 

Technology Park Malaysia - TPM 
Tel: 03 8998 2020


Malaysia Association & Chamber   (Search by A - Z)      

Actuarial Society of Malaysia - Persatuan Aktuari Malaysia 

Advanced Manufacturing Institute - AMI 
A-5-5, 4th Floor, Centrepoint Business Park, 5 Jalan Tanjung Keramat 26/35, Seksyen 26, 40000 Shah Alam 
Tel: 03 5191 6060, Fax: 03 5192 7080 

All Malaysia Malayalee Association 

American Association of Malaysia - AAM 
8 Jalan Murni, 55000 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2142 0611, Fax: 03 2142 0610 

Angkatan Koperasi Kebangsaaan Malaysia ANGKASA - National Co-operative Organisation Of Malaysia 
Wisma Ungku A.Aziz, Peti Surat 8797, Kelana Jaya, 46798 Petaling Jaya 
Tel: 03 7806 1977, Fax: 03 7804 2315 

ASEAN - Association Of Southeast Asian Nations 

Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union - ABU 
PO Box 1164, 59700 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2282 3592, Fax: 03 2282 5292 

Asia-Pacific Institute for Broadcasting Development - AIBD 
Angkasapuri, Jalan Pantai Dalam, 50614 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2282-4618, Fax: 03 2282 2761 

Association of Accredited Advertising Agents Malaysia - AAAA (The 4A's) 
The 4As Secretariat, Pusat Dagangan Phileo Damansara 1, 9 Jalan 6/11, 46350 Petaling Jaya 
Tel: 03 7660 8535, Fax: 03 7660 8532 

Association of Banks in Malaysia - ABM 
34th Floor, UBN Tower, 10 Jalan P Ramlee, 50250 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2078 8041, Fax: 03 2078 8004 

Association of Consulting Engineers Malaysia - ACEM 

Association of Environmental Consultants & Contractors in Malaysia - AECCOM 
12-A Jalan PJS 10/32, Bandar Sri Subang, 46000 Petaling Jaya, Selangor 
Tel: 03 5631 3340, Fax: 03 5635 8460 

Association of Malaysian Optometrists - AMO

Association Of Post Production & Animation Companies Malaysia - POSTAM 

Association of Professional Sikhs APS - Persatuan Profesional Sikh Malaysia PPSM 
Suite 1106, Level 11, Block A4, Leisure Commerce Square, 9, PJS 8/9, 46150 Petaling Jaya 
Tel: 03 7861 1768 Fax: 03 7861 1929 

Audio Engineering Society AES - Malaysia Chapter

Malaysia Restaurant (Search A - Z)


8th - 20th Century
37 Lorong Rahim Kajai, Taman Tun Dr Ismail, 60000 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 7725 5875 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Fusion, French, Asian

1901 Hot Dogs 
12 Jln Kartunis U1/47, Seksyen U1, Temasya Industrial Park, 40150 Shah Alam
Tel: 03 5569 1727, Fax: 03 5569 1737
Halal, Type: Fast Food Chain, Cuisine: Hot Dogs 

1957 Bistro
22-3, Jalan 25/70A, Desa Sri Hartamas, 50480 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2300 1178, 03 2300 0801 
NPS, Type: Bistro Bar, Cuisine: Fusion, Western, Local 

Halal, Type: Fast Food Chain, Cuisine: Burgers, Fried Chicken, Root Beers 

Alexis Bistro

29 Jalan Telawi 3, Bangsar Baru, Bangsar, 59100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2284 2880 
Halal, Type: Bistro, Cuisine: Malay, Local, Desserts 

All Stars Sports Cafe
Lot E11, Ground Floor, Mid Valley Megamall, 59200 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2938 3885
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: American, Western.

American Chili's
Lot G(E) 012, Mid Valley Megamall, Lingkaran Syed Putra, 59200 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2287 6788
Suria KLCC, Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2164 1400 
Halal, Type: Casual Dining Chain, Cuisine: American, Tex-Mex, Western

Lot G(E) 017, Ground Floor, Mid Valley Megamall, 59200 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2284 3799 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Indian, Vegetarian 

National Art Gallery, 2 Jalan Temerloh, Off Jalan Tun Razak, 53200 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 4025 2315 
NPS, Type: Bistro, Cuisine: Fusion 

Aunty Nat 
5G Signature Office, The Boulevard, Mid Valley, Lingkaran Syed Putra, 59200 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2283 5339 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Chinese, Nyonya, Local

B Happy Vegetarian Restaurant
35 Jalan Medan Midah, Taman Midah, 56000 Kuala Lumpur (Behind Cheras MAKRO) 
Tel: 012 943 9123 
Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Chinese Vegetarian

Bangkok Jam
GL-10, BB Park, Plaza Low Yat, 7 Jalan 1/77, Off Jalan Bukit Bintang, 55100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2142 3449
NPS, Type: Bistro Bar, Cuisine: Thai, Local 

Bangles Restaurant 
270 Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur. (opposite/near Great Eastern Mall)
Tel: 03 4252 4100, 03 4252 4300
Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Indian, Moghul 

Bangsar Seafood Garden Restaurant 
One Bangsar, Jalan Ara, Bangsar Baru, 59100 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2282 2555 
Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Chinese

Barn Thai Jazzaurant
Kampung Belanga Pecah, Mukim Kisap, 07000 Langkawi, Kedah
Tel: 04 966 9099 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Thai

Barn Thai Restaurant. 
Lot E7, 1st Floor, 1 Utama Shopping Complex , Lebuh Utama, 47800 Petaling Jaya
Tel: 03 7726 6699 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Thai 

Baskin Robbins 
Office: 115 Jalan Sibu, Taman Wahyu, 68100 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 6251 3031, Fax: 03 6251 8331 
Halal, Type: Ice Cream Stores, Cuisine: Ice Cream, Ice Cream Cake 

Basque Lane Mediterranean Restaurant & Pub
Plaza Mont Kiara, Jalan 1/70C, 50480 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 6201 6028 
NPS, Type: Bistro Bar, Cuisine: Western

Beijing Wok
25, Low Yat Plaza, Jalan Bukit Bintang, 55100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2141 2998 
Non-Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Chinese.

Bombay Palace
215 Jln Tun Razak, 50400 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2145 4241 
Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Indian, Moghul 

Bon Bon's Cafe 
22 Jalan SS22/21, 47400 Petaling Jaya
Tel: 03 7728 6357 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Western, Local, Pastries 

Bon Ton 
4 Jalan Ceylon, 50200 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2031 3848, Fax: 03 2031 4798 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Fusion, Western, Local, Nyonya 

Bread Story. 
G-022, MidValley Megamall, 59200 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2282 5155 
Halal, Type: Boutique Confectionery, Cuisine: Pastries, Breads

Café Café
175 Jalan Maharajalela, 50150 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2141 8141
NPS, Type: Parisian-Style Brasserie, Cuisine: Fusion 

Cafe Citron 
3 Lorong Stonor, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2141 5323, 03 2145 7460 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Fusion, Western 

Caffé 1920 
Office: 11A Bangunan Sin Yan, Jalan Pinggir (off Jalan Ipoh), 51200 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 4044 1920, Fax: 03 4044 1921 
Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Italian, pizzas, pastas, ice-cream 

California Pizza Kitchen (international site)
Lot 140, Level 1, Suria KLCC, 50088 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2382 0512 (restaurant), 03 2382 0802 (office), Fax: 03 2382 0516 , E-mail: '; document.write( '' ); document.write( addy_text38401 ); document.write( '<\/a>' ); //-->\n 
Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: American, Pizzas, Pastas 

Ground Floor, Wisma Lim Foo Yong, Jalan Raja Chulan, 50200 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2143 4567 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Western, Steaks

19 Jalan Universiti, Section 16, Petaling Jaya
Tel: 03 7955 0532 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Western, Steaks

Castell Grill
81, 1st Floor, Jalan Bukit Bintang, 55100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2141 6371
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Western, Steaks

Cato's Restaurant and Bar
Ground Floor, Wisma Chinese Chamber Of Commerce, Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 4257 9487 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Western, Local

Cavallini’s Italian Restaurant.
Palace of the Golden Horses, Jalan Kuda Emas, The Mines Resort City, Seri Kembangan
Tel: 03 8943 2333.
Halal, Type: Fine Dining, Cuisine: Italian

Chakri White House
15-1-1 Jalan 1/70C, Mont' Kiara, 50480 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2092 1122, Fax: 03 2092 1120 
Rohas Perkasa, Jalan P Ramlee, 50250 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2711 3000 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Thai 

Chalet, The 
Hotel Equatorial Jalan Sultan Ismail, Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2161 7777 ext 8333
Halal, Type: Fine Dining, Cuisine: Swiss, Continental

Champ's Bistro
F10, 1st Floor, Centrepoint, Bandar Utama, 47800 Petaling Jaya
Tel: 03 7722 5800 
NPS, Type: Bistro Bar, Cuisine: Local 

Charlie's Place
6 Jalan Tangsi, 50480 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2693 3975 
NPS, Type: Bistro Bar, Cigar Room & Pool, Cuisine: Fusion, Western

Charlie's Reserve
Ground Floor , Menara MAA , Jalan Dewan Bahasa, 50460 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2144 9755 
NPS, Type: Bistro Bar & Karoake, Cuisine: Fusion, Local 

Chatters' Kafe & Restoran 
15A Jalan USJ 11/3, 47620 UEP Subang Jaya, Selangor 
Tel: 03 5631 1586, Fax: 03 5631 9086 
Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Local, Western 

Chef Ken's Cafe
102 Jalan 8/62A, Bandar Menjalara, Kepong, Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 6275 8931 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Italian, Pastas, Western, Local

Chelliah's Store 
NPS, Type: Mamak Stall, Cuisine: Local 

Chennai Ponnusamy's Restaurant (Indian site)
8 Jalan Telawi, Bangsar, 59100 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2283 6161, Fax: 2283 4614 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Chettinad 

Chicken Rice Shop, The 
Mid Valley Megamall: LG-082, Lower Ground Floor, Mid Valley Megamall 
Tel: 03 2287 9290 
Halal, Type: Casual Dining Chain, Cuisine: Chinese, Hainanese Chicken Rice

Chow Yang (aka Cheow Yang)
157 Jalan SS 2/6, 47300 Petaling Jaya
Non-Halal, Type: Kopitiam, Hawkers, Cuisine: Local 

Chopstik Noodle House
Lot G (E) - 009, Ground Floor, Mid Valley Megamall, 59200 Kuala Lumpur
Tel:03 936 8311 
Non-Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Chinese 

Chulan Square - Eden, Bangkok Jazz Thai Bistro, Rakuzen Japanese Restaurant, Nawab Authentic Moghul Restaurant, O’ Briens Irish Sandwich Bar, Fine Circle Chinese Cuisine, Viet Passion Vietnamese Cuisine & Phoenicia Authentic Lebanese Restaurant 
92 Jalan Raja Chulan, 50200 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2716 1088, Fax: 03 2711 6288 

428 Jalan Tun Razak, 50400 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 9285 4827 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Italian

Cintamani Restoran 
37 & 39 Jalan Hang Lekiu, 50100 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel : 03 2161 3332, Fax: 03 2161 2305 
Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Fusion Health, Vegetarian 

Coca Restaurant
F15-16, 1st Floor, KL Plaza, 179 Jalan Bukit Bintang, 55100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2145 9600, Fax: 03 2145 6606 
Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Thai Steamboat 

Coconut House
28-30 Jalan Pudu Lama, Kuala Lumpur (Behind the Hindu temple, opposite Puduraya)
Tel: 03 2031 2830 
Non-Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Pasta, Pizzas 

Coffee Bean & Tea Leaf, The 
Halal, Type: Bistro & Coffee Chain, Cuisine: Snacks 

Coliseum Cafe
98-100 Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman, Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2692 6270 
NPS, Type: 'Colonial-Style' Dining, Cuisine: Western 

Cungdinh Vietnam
One Bangsar, Jalan Ara, Bangsar Baru, 59100 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2283 5088 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Vietnamese 

Decanter Restaurant Pub 
7 Jalan Setiakasih 5, Bukit Damansara, 50490 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2095 2507, Fax: 03 2094 2335 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Western, Local 

Decanter PJ Restaurant Pub 
5 Jalan 17/56, 46400 Petaling Jaya 
Tel: 03 7968 1300 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Western, Local 

Deutsches Haus Pub & Restaurant
46 Changkat Bukit Bintang, Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2143 2268, Fax: 03 2143 4268
Non-Halal, Type: Casual Dining & Bar, Cuisine: German, Sausages 

Dome Cafe - DÔME 
G46, Ground Level, Suria KLCC, 50088 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2166 1948, Fax: 03 2166 1916 
Halal, Type: Bistro & Coffee Chain, Cuisine: Fusion, Western, Local

Tel: 1 300 888 333 (Delivery) 
Halal, Type: Take Out Chain & Delivery, Cuisine: Pizzas 

Dusit Villa
53 Jalan Mamamda 9, Ampang Point, 68000 Ampang
Tel: 03 4252 5824 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Thai

Du Viet Vietnamese Restaurant
76 Jalan SS22/25, Damansara Jaya, 47400 Petaling Jaya
Tel: 03 7728 9262 
Non-Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Vietnamese

Renaissance Kuala Lumpur Hotel, Corner Of Jalan Sultan Ismail & Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2163 6888 
Halal, Type: Fine Dining, Cuisine: Chinese

Eden Seafood
260 Jalan Raja Chulan, 50200 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2141 4027 
Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Seafood, Western 

El Cerdo 
52 Jalan Tengkat Tong Shin, 50200 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03-2145 0511, Fax: 03 2053 9648 
Non-Halal, Type: Fine Dining, Cuisine: Pork Specialities, Pig Dishes 

Euro Deli Grill Restaurant
29 Jalan Yap Kwan Seng, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2162 6991
Non-Halal, Type: Deli & Casual Dining, Cuisine: Ham, Sausages, Western

Euro Steakhouse 
32 Changkat Bukit Bintang, 50200 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2144 4337 
NPS, Type: Steak House & Wine Bar, Cuisine: Steaks, Western 

Famosa Chicken Rice Ball 
28-30 Jalan Hang Kasturi ( Off Jonker Street ), 75200 Melaka
Tel: 06 227 7668 
Non-Halal, Type: Kopitiam, Cuisine: Chinese, Chicken Rice 

Fatty Crab
2 Jalan SS24/13, Taman Mega, 47301 Petaling Jaya
Tel: 03 7804 5758 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Seafood 

Fei Fei Kopitiam
32-1, Jalan Telawi 2, Bangsar Baru, 59100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2283 2872, Fax: 03 2284 5768 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Nyonya, Local

Fish Shop, The 
Halal, Type: Fast Food Chain, Cuisine: Seafood 

Foh San Restaurant
Jalan SS2/24, 47300 Petaling Jaya
Tel: 03 7873 6501 
Non-Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Chinese, Dim Sum

Four Seasons
235 Jalan Bukit Bintang, 55100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2142 6166 
NPS, Type: Fine Dining, Cuisine: Chinese 

Gerai Karipap Panas - Kueh Melayu seperti karipap, onde-onde, cucur badak, serimuka, talam ubi . 
Bahu Jalan Wangsa Melawati 3, Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 4149 8418 (Tempahan), 013 423 0117
Halal, Type: Stall, Cuisine: Curry puffs, pastries, local delicacies 

Gloria Jean's Coffees 
Halal, Type: 'Coffee Chain', Cuisine: Coffees, Pastries

Golden Phoenix Restaurant
Hotel Equatorial Kuala Lumpur, Jalan Sultan Ismail , 50250 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2161 7777 ext 8222 
Halal, Type: Fine Dining, Cuisine: Chinese, Dim Sum

1 Jalan Telawi 5, Bangsar Baru, 59100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2287 1080 
NPS, Type: Fine Dining, Cuisine: Italian

Grappa Soho
Ground & 1st Floor, Wisma Peladang, Jalan Bukit Bintang, 55100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2145 0080 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Italian

Gulai House, The 
Carcosa Seri Negara, Taman Tasik Perdana, 50480 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2282 1888 
Halal, Type: Fine Dining, Cuisine: Malay 

Hai Tien Lo
Pan Pacific Hotel, Jalan Putra, 50746 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 4149 4501 
Non-Halal, Type: Fine Dining, Cuisine: Chinese 

Hakka Restaurant 
6 Jalan Kia Peng, 50450 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2143 1908 
Non-Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Chinese 

Happy Valley Seafood Village
239 Jalan Bukit Bintang, 55100 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2142 2625 
Non-Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Chinese, Japanese, Seafood 

Hee Lai Ton Restaurant
6 & 8 Jalan SS 23/11, Taman SEA, 47600 Petaling Jaya
Tel: 03 7803 2822, Fax: 03 7803 8993
Non-Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Chinese. 

Heng Kee Bak Kut Teh (Old Town)
16 Jalan 1/10, Petaling Jaya. 
Non-Halal, Type: Stall, Cuisine: Chinese, Bak Kut Teh 

Hideki Japanese Restaurant 
One Bangsar, Jalan Ara, Bangsar Baru, 59100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2282 1111 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Japanese 

Hor Poh Kitchen
148 Jalan Changkat Thambi Dollah, Off Jalan Pudu, 55100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2145 2232 
Non-Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Chinese, Hakka 

House of Sundanese
412, Level 4, Suria KLCC, 50088 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2166 2272 
Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Indonesian 

Hungarian Paprika 
3 Jalan Telawi 3, Bangsar Baru, 59100 Kuala Lumpur.
Tel: 03 2283 2128 
NPS, Type: Bistro Bar, Cuisine: Hungaraian, Continental 

Imperial Chakri Palace.
417B, Level 4, Suria KLCC, 50088 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2382 7788 
NPS, Type: Fine Dining, Cuisine: Thai 

Jakes's Charbroil Steaks - Jake 
21 Jalan Setiapuspa, Medan Damansara, 50490 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2094 567 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Western 

Janbo Group Of Restaurants 
Seri Petaling, Puchong, Cheras 
Non-Halal, Type: Banquet, Casual, Cuisine: Chinese Seafood, Hong Kong Dim Sum 

Johnny's Restaurants - Johnny 
Halal, Type: Chain, Cuisine: Local, Thai-Style Steamboat 

16 Lorong Yap Kwan Seng, 50450 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2161 0616 
NPS, Type: Fine Dining, Cuisine: Kerala, South Indian 

B3 Ground Floor, Federal Bowl, Federal Hotel, 35 Jalan Bukit Bintang, 55100 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2142 0153 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Japanese

Kampachi Restaurant
Hotel Equatorial Kuala Lumpur, Jalan Sultan Ismail , 50250 Kuala Lumpur.
Tel: 03 2161 7777
Halal, Type: Fine Dining, Cuisine: Japanese.

Kapitan's Club, The - Kapitan 
35 Jln Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2031 0242 
Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Fusion, Chinese, Malay, Nyonya 

Kelana Seafood Center 
Tel: 03 7803 8118 
Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Local, Chinese, Malay, Seafood 

Kenny Rogers Roasters 
Halal, Type: Fast Food Chain, Cuisine: Chicken, Salads, Soups

KFC - Kentucky Fried Chicken 
Tel: 03 2026 3388 (Office) 
Halal, Type: Fast Food Chain, Cuisine: Fried Chicken, Burgers 

LL2.38A, Sunway Pyramid, 46150 Petaling Jaya
Tel: 03 7492 9336
Non-Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Korean 

Kim Gary Restaurant
Lot G(E)-005, Ground Floor, Mid Valley Megamall, Lingkaran Syed Putra, 59200 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2287 2778, 03 2287 3778 
G083 & 084, Sungei Wang Plaza, Jalan Sultan Ismail, 55100 Kuala Lumpur
B2-G-U3, Oasis Boulevard 2, Sunway Pyramid Shopping Centre, 3 Jalan PJS 11/15, 46100 Petaling Jaya
Non-Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Hong Kong Fusion

Kimi Gallery Cafe
80 Jalan Burhanuddin Helmi, Taman Tun Dr. Ismail, 60000 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 7722 5585
Halal, Type: Bistro, Cuisine: Local, Western, Pastries

Ko Hiang
314 Jalan Ampang, Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 4251 0492 
Non-Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Korean

La Bodega 
14-16 Jalan Telawi Dua, Bangsar Baru, 59100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2287 8318, Fax: 03 2287 6318 
NPS, Type: Bistro Bar, Cuisine: Spanish, Tapas 

La Manila 
Lot T-026, 3rd Floor, Mid Valley Megamall, 59200 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2283 2122
24 Jalan SS24/13, Taman Megah, Petaling Jaya
Tel: 03 7804 5797 
Halal, Type: Bistro, Cuisine: Local, Western, Cakes, Pies 

Lafite Restaurant 
Shangri-La Hotel, 11 Jalan Sultan Ismail, 50250 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2032 2388 ext 1361
Halal, Type: Fine Dining, Cuisine: Continental 

Las Carretas 
14 JaIan USJ 10/1E UEP, Subang Jaya
Tel: 03 5637 3058, Fax: 03 5637 3059 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Mexican 

Le Francais 
One Bangsar, Jalan Ara, Bangsar Baru, 59100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2282 2510 
Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: French 

Little Penang Cafe 
F100, 1st Floor, Mid Valley Megamall, 59200 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2282 0215 
1st Floor, Tangs Department Store, Star Hill Centre, 55100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2144 0215 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Local, Nyonya 

Lotus Indian Cuisine
15 Jalan Gasing, Petaling Jaya
Tel: 03 7782 6868 
79 Lebuh Ampang, Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2026 2181 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine; South Indian

Ma Maison 
32 Persiaran Ampang, 55000 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 4256 5410 
Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: French

Madam Kwan's - Madame Kwan 
65, Telawi 3, Bangsar Baru, 59100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2284 2297
Lot 420/421, Level 4, Suria KLCC, 50088 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2026 2297
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine; Local 

Manhattan Fish Market, The 
LG-060 Lower Ground, Mid Valley Megamall, 59200 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2284 0448
Lot 10E, F&H, Lower Ground Floor, Subang Parade, Subang Jaya, 47500 Petaling Jaya
Tel: 03 5637 0121 
Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Western Seafood 

Marché Movenpick - Marche 
Lot G87, Ground Floor, The Curve, Mutiara Damansara, 47800 Petaling Jaya 
Tel: 03 7728 9200, Fax: 03 7727 5660 
Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Swiss, Pastries, Pasta, Fruit Juice, Seafood 

Marco Polo Restaurant
1st Floor, Wisma Lim Foo Yong, Jalan Raja Chulan, 50200 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2142 5595, Fax: 03 243 3117 
Non-Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Chinese 

Marriott Café
183 Jalan Bukit Bintang, 55100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2716 8550, Fax: 03 2715 7000 
Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Western, Local

Maju Palace
Suite 5. 6 to 5.11, Level 5, Menara Maju Perdana, 1001, Jalan Sultan Ismail, 50250 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2691 8822, Fax: 03 2691 3822 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Chinese 

Marrybrown Fried Chicken 
Office: 111A-B Jalan Sri Pelangi, 80400 Johor Bahru
Tel: 07-331 6590, Fax: 07 333 7899 
Halal, Type: Fast Food Chain, Cuisine: Fried Chicken 

McDonald's- McD, Mc, Mac, MacDonald's, Donald's, Donald 
Goldern Arches Restaurants Sdn Bhd 
Office: 3 Jalan SS 21/39, 47400 Petaling Jaya 
Tel: 03 7726 1888, Fax: 03 7726 1881
Tel: 1 300 13 1300 (McDelivery Nationwide) 
Halal, Type: Fast Food Chain, Cuisine: Burgers, Fried Chicken 

Milwaukee Steak Corner
13-G Jalan Kasturi 1, Plaza Kasturi, Off Jalan Balakong, Batu 11, 43200 Cheras.
Tel: 03 9076 4522 
Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Western. 

Mohd Yaseen Nasi Kandar
351 Jalan Tunku Abdul Rahman, Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2694 8927 
Halal, Type: Kopitiam, Cuisine: Malay, Local 

Monte's Restaurant & Wine Bar
Lot F112, Level 1, Bangsar Shopping Centre, 2 Jalan Maarof, Bangsar, 59000 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2094 1112 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Western 

One Bangsar, Jalan Ara, Bangsar Baru, 59100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2283 3116 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Thai 

Moussandra Mediterranean Restaurant
Sub Lot B-8, Ground Floor, KL Plaza, Jalan Bukit Bintang, 55100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2144 0728, 03 2144 0775 
NPS, Type: Bistro Bar, Cuisine: Spanish, Mediterranean, Tapas, Continental 

Mr Ho's Fine Foods 
G9B, Ground Floor (Phase 1), Bangsar Shopping Center, 285 Jalan Maarof, Bukit Bandar Raya, 59000 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2284 4601, Fax: 03 2284 4601 
Non-Halal, Type: Deli, Cuisine: Meat, Suasages, Salami, Ham, Beef, Lamb, Pork Cuts 

Muhibbah Seafood
60 & 62 Lorong Rahim Kajai 14, Taman Tun Dr Ismail, 60000 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 7727 3153
Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Chinese, Malay, Local, Seafood. 

Nando's Chicken
123 Jalan Sultan, Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2026 6555 
Halal, Type: Fast Food Chain, Cuisine: Chicken 

Nasi Lemak Antarabangsa (Chow Kit) 
4 Jalan Raja Muda Musa, Kampung Baru, Kuala Lumpur
Halal, Type: Stall, Cuisine: Local 

Nelayan Restoran
Taman Tasik Titiwangsa, Jalan Temerloh, 53200 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 4021 1284 
Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Malay, Local, Chinese, Seafood 

New Paris Restaurant (formerly Paris Restaurant)
62, 64, 66 Jalan SS2/72, 47300 Petaling Jaya
Tel: 03 7955 9180, 03 7955 0186 
Non-Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Chinese 

Nine at One Bangsar 
One Bangsar, Jalan Ara, Bangsar Baru, 59100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2166 6680 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Fusion 

Nyonya Wok
Lot 07-08-09, 2nd Floor, Bukit Bintang Plaza, 50200 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2141 9269 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Nyona, Local

O'Briens Irish Sandwich Bars 
Great Eastern Mall, Ground Floor Lot 15, 303 Jalan Ampang, 50450
Tel: 03 4253 4181, Fax: 03 4253 4182 
Halal, Type: Sandwich Bar, Cuisine: Sandwiches 

Oasis Food & Beer Garden 
Lot 61-2 & 61-3, Jalan Maarof, Bangsar, Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2282 6545 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Mixed, Cosmo 

The Regent Kuala Lumpur, 160 Jalan Bukit Bintang, 55100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2141 8000 
Halal, Type: Fine Dining, Cuisine: Italian 

E5, 1st Floor, Promenade 1 Utama, Bandar Utama, 47800 Petaling Jaya
Tel: 03 7728 0260 
Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Indonesian. 

Oliver's Super Sandwich
F66 Level 1, 1 Utama, Bandar Utama, 47800 Petaling Jaya
Tel: 03 7726 7021, Fax: 03 7726 7020 
Halal, Type: Bistro, Cuisine: Designer Sandwiches. 

Opus Bistro 
67 Jalan Bangkung, Bukit Bandaraya, Bangsar, 59100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2092 4288 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Fusion, Western, Local

Outback Steakhouse 
GL-12 BB Park, 7 Jalan 1/77, Off Jalan Bukit Bintang.
Tel: 03 2144 9919, Fax: 03 2142 3730 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Australian, Western 

Oversea, Restoran - Cheras, Amcorp Mall, Imbi, PJ, Subang Parade, Ipoh 
Office: Lot 13, Jalan Utarid U5/16, Seksyen U5, 40150 Shah Alam, Selangor 
Tel: 03 7845 9680, Fax: 03 7845 4000 
Non-Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Chinese 

Pacifica Grill & Bar
Lobby Level, Mandarin Oriental Kuala Lumpur, KLCC, 50088 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2380 8888 
Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Fusion, Western, Asian

Paris Restoran See New Paris Restaurant above 

Passage Through India
4 Jalan Delima, Off Bukit Bintang, 55100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2144 2331 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Indian. 

Pelita Nasi Kandar 
149 Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur.
Tel: 03 2162 5532 
Halal, Type: Mamak, Cuisine: Local 

Pizzeria Piccolo Mondo
Ground Flr, Wisma Peladang, Jalan Bukit Bintang, 55100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2144 7808 
NPS, Type: Bistro, Cuisine: Italian, Pasta.

Pizza Hut 
Tel: 1 300 88 2525 (Delivery: Klang Valley only) 
Halal, Type: Fast Food Chain & Delivery, Cuisine: Pizzas

Pizza vs Satay
35G, Jalan USJ 10/1D, Taipan Triangle, 47620 Subang Jaya
Tel: 03 5631 8104, Fax: 03 5621 9786 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Pizzas, Local 

Pulau Ketam Seafood & Steamboat (Restoran Pandan Indah)
M4-A-8, Jalan 4/1A, Pandan Indah, 55100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 4291 0198
Non-Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Thai, Chinese 

Purple Cane Tea 
Tel: 03 2078 4131 (Customer Hotline)
NPS, Type: Chinese Tea House, Cuisine: Speciality Teas 

Rahsia Bistro & Wine Bar 
13 Jalan Damai, Off Jalan Aman, Off Jalan Ampang, 55000 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2142 5555 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Fusion 

Rama V 
5 Jalan U Thant, Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2143 2663 
NPS, Type: Fine Dining, Cuisine: Tha 

Restoran Loon Sing, Nilai
Non-Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Chinese 

Restoran Malaysia 
Lot 14, Block B, Beaufort Jaya, 89808 Beaufort, Sabah 
Tel: 087 223 548 
Halal, Type: Kopitiam, Cuisine: Malay, Chinese 

Restoran Pulau Pinang Kayu Nasi Kandar 
23 Jalan USJ 10/1, UEP Subang Jaya 
Tel: 03 5621 2020, Fax: 03 5621 5767 
Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Malay, Local 

Ritz-Carlton Hotel, 168 Jalan Imbi, 55100 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2142 8000, Fax: 03 2143 8080
Halal, Type: Fine Dining, Cuisine: Italian 

Roti Boy (regional site) 
Halal, Type: Confectionary Outlets, Cuisine: Pastries, cakes, Mexican buns 

Sagar Restaurant 
One Bangsar, Jalan Ara, Bangsar Baru, 59100 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2284 2532 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Northern Indian 

Sakura Cafe & Cuisine 
163 - 169 Jalan Imbi, 55100 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2142 2319, Fax: 03 2142 9707 
Non-Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Western, Local 

Saloma Bistro & Theatre Restaurant 
Pusat Pelancongan Malaysia (MATIC), 139 Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2161 0122, Fax: 03 2162 9122
Halal, Type: Bistro, Cuisine: Malay, Local 

San Francisco Steakhouse 
G01, G03 & G05, Ground Floor, Block A, Damansara Intan, 1, Jalan SS20/2, 47400 Petaling Jaya 
Tel: 03 7728 2188 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Western, Steaks 

D/OG/03, Ground Floor, Plaza Mont Kiara, 2 Jalan 1/70C, Mont' Kiara, 50480 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 6203 2881, Fax: 03 6203 4881 
NPS, Type: Fine Dining, Cuisine: Italian 

Sate King 
Malaysian Satay Kajang Sdn Bhd 
Ground & Basement Level, 87 Jalan Bukit Bintang, 55100 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2142 5506, Fax: 03 2142 5512
Halal, Type: Fast Food, Cuisine: Satay 

Satellite Ipoh Chicken Rice 
103 Jalan Gasing, Petaling Jaya 
Tel: 03 7956 6830 
Non-Halal, Type: Kopitiam, Cuisine: Chicken Rice 

Scalini's Italian Restaurant 
19 Jalan Sultan Ismail, Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2145 3211 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Italian 

Secret Recipe 
Halal, Type: Bistro Chain, Cuisine: Western, Local, Cakes 

Sentidos Tapas 
Lower Ground Floor, Starhill Shopping Centre, 181, Jalan Bukit Bintang, 55100 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2145 3385 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Spanish 

Seri Melayu 
1 Jalan Conlay, 50450 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2145 1833, 03 245 1811, Fax: 03 2145 1755 
Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Malay 

Sevenatenine - Seven Ate Nine 789 
The Ascott, 9 Jalan Pinang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2162 7789, Fax: 03 2163 7789 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Fusion 

2nd Floor, JW Marriott Hotel, 183 Jalan Bukit Bintang, 55100 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2716 8537, Fax: 03 2715 7010 
Non-Halal, Type: Fine Dining, Cuisine: Chinese, Shanghainese, Dim Sum 

Ship Steakhouse, The / Captain's Cabin 
37-43, Jalan SS21/56B, Damansara Utama, 47400 Petaling Jaya 
Tel: 03 7728 9964 
102-104, Jalan Bukit Bintang, 55100 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2144 3605 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Western, Steaks 

Lower Ground Floor, Starhill Centre, 181 Jalan Bukit Bintang, 55100 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2716 8535, 03 2716 8536
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Wine Bar, Cuisine: Fusion 

139 First Floor, Suria KLCC, Kuala Lumpur City Centre, 50088 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2166 5633, Fax: 03 2166 5366 
NPS, Type: Fine Dining, Cuisine: Fusion, French Haute, Japanese, Chinese 

Sin Kee Restoran 
194 Jalan Tun Sambanthan, Brickfields, 50470 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2274 1842 
Non-Halal , Type: Kopitiam, Cuisine: Chinese, Western 

Souled Out 
20 Jalan 30/70A, Desa Sri Hartamas, 50480 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2300 1955 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining & Bar, Cuisine: Fusion, Western, Local 

Sri Melaka Nyonya Restaurant 
11 Jalan 52/8, Petaling Jaya. (near State)
Tel: 03 7956 3497 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Nyonya, Local 

Sri Siam 
58, Jalan SS2/24, 47300 Petaling Jaya 
Tel: 03 7875 3076 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Thai 

Stan’s Assam & Garam 
One Bangsar, Jalan Ara, Bangsar Baru, 59100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2282 6286 
Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Malay 

Berjaya Starbucks Coffee Company Sdn Bhd 
Office: Lot 3.05, 3rd Floor, Podium Block, Plaza Berjaya, 12 Jalan Imbi, 55100 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2142 2266, Fax: 03 2143 1266 
Halal, Type: Coffee Chain, Cuisine: Coffees 

Stars Oyster and Sushi Bar 
Lot G48, Ground Floor, Suria KLCC, 50088 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2166 5633, Fax: 03 2166 5366
Kiosk C & D, KL Plaza, Bintang Walk, 55100 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2148 7331 
NPS, Type: Bistro, Cuisine: Japanese, Fusion 

Steven's Corner (Sri Komalah Mamak Restaurant) 
18 Jalan Hujan Rahmad 2, OUG, Jalan Kelang Lama, Kuala Lumpur. Tel: 03 8191 9762 
37-39 Jalan Pandan Indah, 1/22 Pandan Indah, Kuala Lumpur. Tel: 03 9274 9018 
Halal, Type: Mamak, Cuisine: Local 

25 Lorong Ara Kiri Satu, Lucky Garden, Bangsar, 59100 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2092 4486 
Halal, Type: Bistro, Cuisine: Western, Pastries 

SugarBun Corporation Berhad
Office: Wisma Sugar Bun, Jalan Satok, 93400 Kuching 
Tel: 082 422 000, Fax: 082 415 943 

Sungei Besi Wan Tan Mee 
190H Jalan 2 1/2 Miles Sg Besi, 55200 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 9222 8177 
Non-Halal, Type: Street Dining, Cuisine: Wan Tan Egg Noodles, Yong Tau Fu 

Sushi King 
Halal, Type: Conveyor Dining, Cuisine: Japanese 

Tai Thong Restaurants 
Non-Halal, Type: Casual Dining Chain, Cuisine: Chinese 

Taj, The 
Crown Princess Kuala Lumpur, 11th Floor City-Square Centre, Jalan Tun Razak, 50400 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2162 5522 extn 5680 
Halal, Type: Fine Dining, Cuisine: Moghul, North Indian 

Taj Curry House 
32 Jalan Semangat, SS14/14, Petaling Jaya 
Tel: 03 7955 0014 
Halal, Type: Kopitiam, Cuisine: Indian, Malay, Indian, Local 

Tamarind Hill 
1 Jalan Kerja Air Lama, 68000 Ampang 
Tel: 03 4256 9100 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Fusion, Thai, Vietnamese 

Tanglin Nasi Lemak 
Gerai 3, Jalan Cenderasari, Kuala Lumpur (behind National Mosque, near Bukit Aman entrance) 
Halal, Type: Stall, Cuisine: Malay, Local 

Tarbush Restaurant 
138 Jalan Bukit Bintang, 55100 Kuala Lumpur. Tel: 03 2142 8558, E-mail: '; document.write( '' ); document.write( addy_text99866 ); document.write( '<\/a>' ); //-->\n 
GK 02, Ground Floor, Ampang Point, Ampang. Tel: 03 4251 5171 
Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Middle Eastern, Lebanese 

22-1, 1st Floor, Jalan Telawi 2, Bangsar Baru, 59100 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2287 4763, Fax: 03 2287 4471 
Halal, Type: Specialty Tea House, Cuisine: Beverages 

Teapot Cafe 
169 Jalan SS2/24, 47300 Petaling Jaya 
Tel: 03 7875 3024 
Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Western, Local, Cakes, English Tea 

Tesoro Restaurante 
14 Jalan 30/70A, Desa Sri Hartamas, 50480 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2300 0389 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Mexican, Latin American 

T.G.I.Friday's - Thank God It's Friday! , TGI Friday 
Halal, Type: Casual Dining Chain, Cuisine: American, Western 

That Indian Thing - Goa 
Asian Heritage Row, 52 Jalan Doraisamy, 50300 Kulala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2698 6357, Fax: 03 2693 2199 
Halal, Type: Bistro, Cuisine: Indian, Fusion 

Top Hat 
7 Jalan Kia Peng, 50450 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2142 8611, Fax: 03 2146 1101 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Fusion, Nyonya, Western, Local . 

3G Block A, Wisma CKL, Jalan 22A/70A, 50480 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 6203 5430
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Fusion, European, Western, Asian 

TT Resources Bhd - Four Seasons · Thai Thong · Santini · Shrooms · Stars · San Francisco SteakHouse 
101, 1st Floor, Wisma Dijaya, 1A Jalan SS20/1, Damansara Utama, 47400 Petaling Jaya 
Tel: 03 7728 2188, Fax: 03 7728 3188 

Tupai Tupai Restaurant & Cafe 
551A Jalan Bukit Petaling, Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2143 2525 
Halal, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Local, Malay 

Uncle Lim's 
Block C-106, Perdana Condominium, 15 Jalan PJU 8/1, 47820 Damansara Perdana, Selangor 
Tel: 03 7722 3358, Fax: 03 7728 8418 
NPS, Type: Cafe, Cuisine: Local, Traditional Kopi 

Viccuda Tom Yam 
24 Jalan SS21/35, Damansara Utama, 47400 Petaling Jaya 
Tel: 03 7722 3481 
Halal, Type: Kopitiam, Cuisine: Thai, Malay 

Victoria Station Damansara 
11-17, Jalan Setiapuspa, Medan Damansara, 50490 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2093 6888, 03 2094 9406, Fax: 03 2093 0932 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Western, Steaks 

Victoria Station Ampang 
243 Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 4257 3388, 03 42514997, Fax: 03 4251 6853 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Western, Steak 

Windmill, Restoran 
10-12 Jalan SS12/1B, 47500 Subang Jaya 
Tel: 03 5631 817 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining, Cuisine: Western, Steaks 

Wong Ah Wah Chicken Wings 
1, 5 & 7 Jalan Alor, Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2144 2463 
Non-Halal, Type: Stall, Cuisine: Barbequed Chicken Wings 

Yut Kee Restaurant 
35 Jalan Dang Wangi, 50100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2698 8108 
Non-Halal, Type: Coffeshop, Cuisine: Chinese 

6 Jalan Kampung Pandan, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 9287 1577 
NPS, Type: Casual Dining & Bar, Cuisine: Fusion, Thai, Italian 

Shangri-La Hotel KL, Jalan Sultan Ismail, 50250 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2032 2388 
Halal, Type: Brasserie, Cuisine: Japanese 

Malaysia Shopping (Search by A - Z)


1 Utama Shopping Centre - One Utama, 1U 
1 Leboh Bandar Utama, Persiaran Bandar Utama, Bandar Utama, Damansara, 47800 Petaling Jaya
Tel: 03 7726 6033, Fax: 03 7726 6933 

Alamanda Putrajaya 

Alpha Angle 
Jalan 1, Section 1, Bandar Wangsa Maju, 53000 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 4149 5288, Fax: 03 4149 1955 

AmCorp Mall 
18 Jalan Persiaran Barat, Off Jalan Timur, 46200 Petaling Jaya 
Tel: 03 7958 5318, Fax: 03 7958 5308 

Ampang Park Shopping Centre
184 Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2161 7006, Fax: 03 2162 5300 

Ampang Point Shopping Centre
Jalan Mamanda 3, Ampang Point, 68000 Ampang
Tel: 03 4252 1781, Fax: 03 4251 2754 

Atria Shopping Center
Jalan SS22/23, Damansara Jaya, 47400 Petaling Jaya
Tel: 03 7727 3000 

Bangsar Shopping Center -BSC 
283 Jalan Maarof, 59000 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2145 7700 

Berjaya Megamall
Jalan Tun Ismail 6, 25000 Kuantan, Pahang
Tel: 09 515 6427, Fax: 09 515 6433 

Berjaya Times Square (formerly Star City) 

Bukit Bintang Plaza (BB Plaza) 
Urus Bangunan Sdn Bhd 
Jalan Bukit Bintang, 55100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2148 7411, Fax: 03 2141 6492 

Bukit Raja Shopping Centre 
Persiaran Bukit Raja 2, Bandar Baru Klang, 41150 Klang
Tel: 03 3343 2166, Fax: 03 3343 2733 

Campbell Shopping Complex
Jalan Dang Wangi, 50100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2698 1366 

Central Market 
Jalan Hang Kasturi, 50050 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2274 9966, Fax: 603 2274 9906 

Cheras Leisure Mall
Jalan Manis 6, Taman Segar, Cheras, 56100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 9130 5088, Fax: 03 9132 0866 

City Square
Jalan Tun Razak, 50400 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2162 1566 

City Square Johor Bahru 

Curve, The 
6 Jalan PJU 7/3, Mutiara Damansara, 47800 Petaling Jaya 
Tel: 03 7710 6868 

Endah Parade 
Bandar Baru Sri Petaling, 57000 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 9543 0100, Fax: 03 9543 0300 

Great Eastern Mall
303 Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 4259 8888, Fax: 03 4256 9322 

Gurney Plaza Penang
Tel: 04 228 1111, Fax: 04 228 6666 

Hartamas Shopping Centre @ Plaza Damas 
60 Jalan Sri Hartamas 1, 50480 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 6201 8353, Fax: 03 6201 3996 

IKANO Power Centre
2 Jalan PJU 7/2, Mutiara Damansara, 47800 Petaling Jaya
Tel: 03 7720 7333, Fax: 03 7725 3361 

Imbi Plaza
Jalan Imbi, 55100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2148 7425 

IOI Mall
Bandar Puchong, Batu 9, Jalan Puchong, 47100 Selangor
Tel: 03 5882 8888, Fax: 03 5882 6363 

Island Plaza Penang 

Jaya Shopping Centre 
Jalan Semangat, Seksyen 14, 46100 Petaling Jaya 
Tel: 03 7956 8511, Fax: 03 7957 3707 

JB Duty Free Complex
88 Jalan Ibrahim Sultan, Stulang Laut, 80300 Johor Bahru
Tel: 1 800 880 500, 07 221 8000, Fax: 07 221 9000 

Jusco Melaka Shopping Centre
Leboh Ayer Keroh, 75450 Melaka
Tel: 06 232 4899, Fax: 06 233 2988 

Jusco Permas Jaya Shopping Centre
1 Jalan Permas Jaya Utara, Bandar Baru Permas Jaya, 81750 Johor Bahru
Tel: 07 386 0600, Fax: 07 386 0600 

Jusco Taman Maluri Shopping Centre
Jalan Jejaka, Taman Maluri, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur 55100
Tel: 03 9285 5222, Fax: 03 9285 9999 

Jusco Taman Universiti Shopping Centre Johor 
4 Jalan Pendidikan, Taman Universiti, 81300 Skudai
Tel: 07 520 8700, Fax: 07 521 3000 

Kinta City Shopping Centre
2 Jalan Teh Lean Swee, Off Jalan Sultan Azlan Shah Utara, 31400 Ipoh
Tel: 05 545 0913, Fax: 05 546 0899 

KL Plaza
179, Jalan Bukit Bintang, 55100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2141 7288 

Klang Parade
2112 Km 2, Jalan Meru, 41050 Klang
Tel: 03 3343 7889, Fax: 03 3343 7313 

Kompleks Bukit Jambul 
Jalan Rumbia, Penang
Tel: 04 641 1188, Fax: 04 644 5003 

Kompleks Desa Kepong
Tel: 03 6275 6688, Fax: 03 6275 0188 

Komplek Teruntum Kuantan
Jalan Mahkota, 25000 Kuantan
Tel: 09 5135 812 

Kota Raya Complex 
Jalan Cheng Lock, 50000 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2072 2562, Fax: 03 2078 2216 

Landmark Mall
Jalan Ngee Heng, 80000 Johor Bahru
Tel: 07 221 2345, Fax: 07 221 8080 

Lot 10 Shopping Centre 
50 Jalan Sultan Ismail, 50250 Kuala Lumpur 

Mahkota Parade
1 Jalan Merdeka, Bandar Hilir, 75000 Melaka
Tel: 06 282 6151, Fax: 06 282 7305 

Maju Junction
1001 Jalan Sultan Ismail, 50250 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2772 8500, Fax: 03 2772 8501 

Mall, The 
Jalan Putra, 50350 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 4042 7122, Fax: 03 4042 0716 

Metro Prima Shopping Centre
1 Jalan Metro Prime, Kepong, 52100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 6259 1122, Fax: 03 62591805 

Mid Point Shopping Centre
Jalan Pandan Indah 1/25, Pandan Indah, 55100, Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 8994 0599, Fax: 03 8994 0466 

Midlands Park Penang
Burmah Road, 10350 Georgetown
Tel: 04 226 3768, Fax: 04 226 3788 

Mid Valley Megamall 
Tel: 03 2289 8688 

Mines Shopping Fair, The 
Off Jalan Balakong, Mines Resort City, 43300 Seri Kembangan
Tel: 03 8942 2163, Fax: 03 8942 2181 

Pasar Rakyat KL 

Pearl Point Shopping Mall
Batu 5 Jalan Klang Lama, 58000 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 7983 3311, Fax: 03 7981 3333 

Pelangi Berhad - Plaza Pelangi, Pelangi leisure Mall & Perling Mall 
Bangunan Pelangi, 1 Jalan Biru, Taman Pelangi, 80400 Johor Bahru 

Pertama Complex
Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman, 50100 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03-2691 6599, Fax: 03 2692 8781 

Plaza Ampang (formerly Yow Chuan Plaza) 
Jalan Tun Razak, 50400 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2148 9400 

Plaza Low Yat Shopping Centre 
Jalan Bintang, Off Jalan Bukit Bintang, Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2148 3651, Fax: 03 2148 3664 

Plaza Metro Kajang
Jalan Tunku Abdul Aziz, Kajang
Tel: 03 8733 7333, Fax: 03 8737 3833 

Prangin Mall 
Jalan Dr Lim Chwee Fong, 10100 Penang
Tel: 04 2622 233

Selayang Mall
Jalan SU 9, Taman Selayang Utama, 68100 Batu Caves
Tel: 03 6136 2336 

Skudai Parade 
Batu 10, Jalan Skudai, Batu 10, 81300 Skudai
Tel: 07 558 8996, Fax: 07 558 9536 

Sogo Pernas Complex 
190 Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman, 50100 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2698 2111, Fax: 03 2694 0602 

South City Plaza 
Persiaran Serdang Perdana, Taman Sedang Perdana, Seksyen 1, 43300 Seri Kembangan, Selangor 
Tel: 03 8948 1888, Fax: 03 8948 1999 

Starhill Gallery 
181 Jalan Bukit Bintang, 55100 Kuala Lumpur. 
Tel: 03 2148 7788 

Street Mall Cyberjaya, The 
Tel: 03 8312 8000 

Summit Square Complex
Jalan Selayang Kepong Expressway, 68100 Batu Caves 
Tel: 03 6136 5662, Fax: 03 6136 6768

Summit, The - Subang USJ, Batu Pahat, Bukit Mertajam, Segamat 

Sungei Wang Plaza 
Sungei Wang Plaza Sdn Bhd 
Office: 7th Floor, Bangunan Yayasan Selangor, 99 Bukit Bintang, Jalan Bukit Bintang, 55100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2148 6109 (Info Counter) 03 2144 9988, Fax: 03 2144 7788 

Sunshine Square Penang
Tel: 04 641 1111

Sunway Pyramid 

Super Komtar Penang 

Suria KLCC 
Tel: 03 2382 3359 

Weld Shopping Center,The 
76 Jalan Raja Chulan, 50200 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2161 8422 

Wisma Central 
Lot 2.142, 1st Floor, Wisma Central, Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2161 7522, Fax: 03 2161 9721 



Malaysia Travel  ( Search by A - Z)


Amber Regency Travel 
Suite 825, Level 8, Block A3, Leisure Commerce Square, 9 Jalan PJS 8/9, 46150 Petaling Jaya 
Tel: 03 7877 1050, Fax: 03 7877 0050 

Anjung Holidays - Perhentian Island 
S1A, Terminal Pelancongan Kuala Besut, 22300 Besut, Terengganu 
Tel: 09 697 4095, Fax: 09 697 8679 

Apple Vacations & Conventions 
Suite A, 1st Floor, Wisma Mode Circle, 57-59 Jalan Bukit Bintang, 55100 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2141 8250, Fax: 03 2141 8029 


Asian Overland Services Tours and Travel 
39C & 40C, Jalan Mamanda 9, Ampang Point, 68000 Ampang
Tel: 03 42529100, Fax: 03 4252 9800 

Beautiful Holidays - Plastic and cosmetic surgery, breast enlargement and holiday in Penang 
34 Nagore Road, Georgetown, 10050 Penang
Tel: 04 227 9010, Fax: 04 227 9012 

Buy Express Bus and Air Tickets Online 

BY Travels 

Cruise Center - Travel agancy representing Star Cruises 

Dynamite Cruises Langkawi 

EM Diving Holidays 

Emas Holidays 

Emerald Global 
1st & 2nd Floors, 15/16 New Burlington Street, London W1S 3BJ, UK 
Tel: 020 7312 1708, Fax: 020 7312 1711 

Excellence Holidays 
Wisma Excellence, 28 & 30 Jalan Padang Walter Grenier, Off Jalan Imbi, 55100 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2117 2888, Fax: 03 2142 4366 

Exotic Borneo 
Suite B, 1F, Lot 24 Likas Industrial Centre, 88400 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah 
Tel: 088 24 5920, Fax: 088 24 5902 

GEM Travel & Tour 
37 Jalan Wan Kadir 2, Taman Tun Dr Ismail, 60000 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 7727 928, Fax: 03 7727 9661 

Gemilang Holidays 
62 Pusat Dagangan Kelana Mas, Kuah, 07000 Pulau Langkawi, Kedah 
Tel: 04 966 8575 

Harpers Travel 

H.I.S. Travel 
5th Floor Wisma KLIH, 126 Jln Bukit Bintang, 55100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2141 9626, Fax: 03 2141 9593 

Holiday Tours & Travel Sdn Bhd 

Hwajing Travel & Tours 
Lot 2.07, 2nd Floor, Plaza Uncang Emas (Ue3), 85 Jalan Loke Yew, 55200 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 9200 2929, Fax: 03 9283 6566 

Ideal Holidays 

Intra Travel - Themed tours of nature, adventure & wildlife in Sabah/Borneo 

Jebsen Travel & Tours 
Lot 2.81, Wisma Cosway, 88 Jalan Raja Chulan, 50200 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2148 5583, Fax: 03 2141 2828 

KAA Travel & Tours (formerly Elmona Travel & Tours) 
4th Floor, Wisma SPK, Jalan Sultan Ismail, 50250 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 21480 604, Fax: 03 2148 0641

Kapas Travel & Tours 
Main Lobby, Primula Parkroyal, P.O.Box 23, Jalan Persinggahan, 20904 Kuala Terengganu
Tel: 09 623 5915, Fax: 09 624 7694 

KB Backpackers Holiday 
4261 - D, 1st Floor, Jalan Kebun Sultan, 15350 Kota Bharu, Kelantan
Tel: 09 743 2125, Fax: 09 743 2125 

Ken Air Leisure 
7.01 Bangunan Yayasan Selangor, Jalan Bukit Bintang, 55100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2142 3722, Fax: 03 2142 6652 

KKM Travel 
Lot 236, Beautiful Jade Centre, 98007 Miri, Sarawak
Tel: 085 41 7899, Fax: 085 41 4629 

Malaysia Beijing Travel Services - MBTS 
33-M-1 & 33-2, Wisma Malaysia-Beijing, Jalan Maharajalela, 50150 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2144 8888, Fax: 03 2148 9812 

Mansfield Travel 
32.02 & 32.03, 32nd Floor, Menara Promet, Jalan Sultan Ismail, 50250 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2143 3333, Fax: 03 21428 992 

Maps & Locations of Malaysian Places 


Mar Sin Thai Travel & Tour (MST Travel) 
14 Lorong Brunei 2, off Jalan Pudu, 55100 Kuala Lumpur.
Tel: 03 2144 2800, Fax: 03 2144 6707 

Masenang Tours & Travel 
3-1-17, First Floor, Block 3, Lorong Api-Api 2, Api-Api Centre, 88000 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah 
Tel: 088 25 8376, Fax: 088 25 7390 

Mayflower Acme Tours 
18, Jalan Segambut Pusat, 51200 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 6252 1888, Fax: 03 6257 5717 

Mayflower's B2B Travel Portal (Malaysia's Tour Operator) 

Mitra Tours & Travel 
CA105, 4th Floor, City Square Centre, 182 Jalan Tun Razak, 50400 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2163 2133, Fax: 03 2161 1311 

Mitra Kembara - Pakej umrah & pakej pelancongan Muslim, pakej haj kaedah Tabung Haji swasta 
Lot CA 107F, 4th Floor, City Square Centre, 50400 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2164 6606, Fax: 03 2164 6607 

MM Adventure Services 
Abseiling, hiking, trekking, mountain climbing, caving, rafting and eco-tour 
6 Jalan Nyonya off Jalan Pudu, 55100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel/Fax: 03 4295 9112, Mobile: 012 633 6775 

Monsopiad Cultural Village 
Borneo Legends, Myths & Tours Sdn Bhd.
5 KM Ramaya/Putatan Road, Kg. Kuai Kandazon, Penampang, Sabah
P.O.Box 218, 89507 Penampang, Sabah, Malaysia
Tel: 088 76 1336, Fax: 088 76 1680 

MSL Travel 
66 Jalan Putra, 50350 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 4042 4722, Fax: 03 4043 3707 

Mudtrekker Adventure Travel 
Suite 806, Block A, Kelana Business Centre, Kelana Jaya, Selangor
Tel: 03 7882 0701, Fax: 03 7804 4662 

Nomad Adventure - Eco X- tours, whitewater rafting, kayaking, caving, abseiling, ridge climbing & high traversing trips 

North Borneo Dive & Sea Sports 
TB581, 3rd Floor, Bandaran Baru, Jalan Haji Karim, Tacoln Complex, 91000 Tawau, Sabah
Tel: 089 76 9950, Fax: 089 76 8531 

Onjet Travel & Tours 
Lot 3.10, 2nd Floor, Wisma Central, Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2161 7511, Fax: 03 2163 2939 

Overseas Express Travel & Tour 
5 & 7 Jalan Sutera, Taman Sentosa, 80150 Johor Bahru, Johor 
Tel: 07 334 7955, Fax: 07 331 9863 

Pacific World Travel 
2.5 & 2.6, Angkasa Raya Building, Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2141 3899, Fax: 03 2148 1357 

Paradise Tropical Discovery - Perhentian Island 
2981-G, 1st Floor, Jalan Padang Garong, 15000 Kota Bharu, Kelantan 
Tel: 09 743 0602, Fax: 09 743 9603 

Pearl Holiday 
6, Jalan KP/2, Taman Kajang Prima, Jalan Semenyih 43000 Kajang
Tel: 03 8739 9999, Fax: 03 8737 5959 

PERNAS Travel & Tours Sdn Bhd 
Lot 14, 1st Floor, Kompleks Antarabangsa, Jalan Sultan Ismail, 50250 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2144 6044, Fax: 03 2144 6681 

Peter Stuyvesant Travel
B1-1 Megan Phileo Promenade, 189 Jalan Tun Razak, 50400 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2163 5588, Fax: 03 2164 3242 

Peterson Travel Service 

Ping Anchorage Travel & Tours 
77A Jalan Sultan Sulaiman, 20000 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu
Tel: 09 626 2020, Fax: 09 622 8093 

Popular Express Travel 
33 Jalan Tugu, Kampung Air, 88000 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah
Tel: 088 23 6982, Fax: 088 22 5140 

Reliance Travel 
Block A, Unit A-9-3, Megan Phileo Avenue, 12, Jalan Yap Kwan Seng, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 1 300 88 28282 (Contact Centre) 03 2711 1000 (Sales), 03 2162 8181 (Corporate), Fax: 03 2710 8366 

Sampugita Holidays - Booking of Pulau Perhentian accomodation, resort, hotel, inn, chalet 
Lot 1, Lobi Hotel Perdana, Jalan Mahmod 15270, Kota Bharu, Kelantan 
Tel: 09 743 2178, Fax: 09 746 2178 

Seridan Mulu Tour & Services

Sri Aity Travel & Tours 
6-B Jalan Emas, off Jalan Sungai Besi, 57100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 7981 1781, Fax: 03 7981 2781 

Sri Sutra Travel 
25, 3rd Floor, Ramlee Mall, Suria KLCC, Kuala Lumpur City Centre, 50088 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2382 7575, Fax: 03 2382 6565 

STA Travel 

Staging Connections Events & Travels Sdn Bhd

Star Cruises 
Star Cruises Terminal, Pulau Indah, Pelabuhan Barat, 42009 Pelabuhan Klang, Selangor
Tel: 03 3101 1313 (Reservations and information) 

Summit Holidays 
59 & 61, Changkat Bukit Bintang, 50200 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2144 5588, Fax: 03 2141 9066 

Lot 18 Ground Floor Wisma Phoenix, Jalan Song Thian Cheok , 93100 Kuching, Sarawak
Tel: 082 42 2023, Fax: 082 42 9375 

Syarikat Rahman Brothers Travel & Tours 
No 7, Tingkat 1, Jalan Barat, 46200 Petaling Jaya
Tel: 03 7958 2904, Fax: 03 7958 5590 

Tabung Haji Travel : 
Ground floor, 23A & 25, TH Selborn Building, 153 Jalan Tun Razak, 50400 Kuala.Lumpur 

Tahan Holidays - Taman Negara, National Park tours 

Ticket World (Reliance's Travel & Ticketing Portal) 
Tel: 1 300 88 0000

Top Travel & Tours. 
L2-07 & 08, Shaw Parade, Changkat Thambi Dollah, 55100 Kuala Lumpur.
Tel: 03 2144 9168, Fax: 03 2143 1168 

Tradewinds Travel & Tours 
Lot 14, 1st Floor, Kompleks Antarabangsa, Jalan Sultan Ismail, 50250 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2144 6044, Fax: 03 2144 6681 

Triways Travel Network 
20 Jalan Tun Mohd Fuad, Taman Tun Dr Ismail, 60000 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 7728 2033, Fax: 03 7727 3681 

Wah Tung Travel Service 
7K Ban Hock Road, 93100 Kuching, Sarawak
Tel: 082 24 8888, Fax: 082 41 1477 

World Express Malaysia 
CA105 4th Floor, City Square Centre, 182 Jalan Tun Razak, 50450 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2163 2133, Fax: 03 2161 3630 

YTL Travel

Malaysia Car Rental Provider (Search A - Z)

Advantage Car Rentals 
Tel: 03 2142 5855, Fax: 03 2142 7855 

Avis Malaysia 
Tel: 03 9222 2558 (Grd Floor, Menara MAA, Jalan Dewan Bahasa)
Tel: 03 8787 4087 (Counter B-16, Arrival Level, Main Terminal, KLIA)
Tel: 04 643 9633 (Arrival Hall, Bayan Lepas Airport, Penang) 

Budget (international site) 
Tel: 1 800 80 1563 

Calio Car Rentals & Limousine Service
G4, Ground Floor, Tropical Inn Hotel, Johor Tower, Jalan Gereja, 80100 Johor Bahru
Tel: 07 223 3325, Fax: 07 222 4744 

Enesty Hire & Drive 
Tel: 03 7984 7535, Fax: 03 7984 7536 

Extra Rent-A-Car (Borneo Rendez Vous) 
2nd Floor, Beverley Hotel, Jalan Kemajuan, 88000 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah
Tel: 088 21 8160, Fax: 088 25 5458 

Hawk Rent A Car 
Tel: 03 2164 6455, Fax: 03 2164 6466 

Hertz Malaysia 
Tel: 03 2148 6433 (Kompleks Antarabangsa, Jalan Sultan Ismail)
Tel: 03 8776 4507 (Counter B10, Arrival Level, Main Terminal Building, KLIA)
Tel: 04 643 0208 (Penang International Airport) 
1 800 88 3086 (Toll Free Nationwide) 

Insas Pacific Rent-A-Car 
47-5 The Boulevard, Mid Valley City, Lingkaran Syed Putra, 59200 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2287 0131, Fax: 03 2287 0139 

Kinabalu Rent A Car 
Lot 3.60/3.61, Karamunsing Complex, P.O. Box 12562, 88828 Kota Kinabalu, Sabah
Tel: 088 23 2602, 088 23 2603, Fax: 088 24 2512

Kasina Rent-A-Car 
Counter A1, Arrival Hall (Domestic), Main Terminal Building, KLIA 43900 Sepang
Tel: 03 8787 1739 

Mayflower Car Rental 
Mayflower Building, 18 Jalan Segambut Pusat, 51200 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 6252 1888, Fax: 03 6258 2970 
Lot No.18, Covered Car Park, Ground Floor, Block D Building, KLIA.
Tel: 03 8787 3850, Fax: 03 8787 3849
Lot 12B Arrival Concourse, Main Terminal Building, Bayan Lepas International Airport, Penang
Tel: 04 641 1191, Fax: 04 641 1192 

Nova RentaCar Reservations 

Orix Car Rentals 
Tel: 03 9284 7799 (No.16-1 Jalan 6/91, Taman Shamelin Perkasa)
Tel: 03-242 3009 (Ground Floor, Federal Hotel, Jalan Bukit Bintang)
Tel: 03-8787 4294 (Counter C2, Arrival Level, Main Terminal Building, KLIA) 

Popular Rent a Car 
149 B Batu Feringgi, Penang.
Tel: 04 657 6510 

SMAS Rent A Car 
Suite 5.03, 5th Floor, Wisma Chase Perdana, Off Jalan Semantan, Damansara Heights, 50490 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2080 5066, Fax: 03 2080 5009



Malaysia Car & Airlines (Search A - Z)


Airline (Search A - Z)

Aeroflot Malaysia or (international site) 
Ground Floor, 1 Wisma Tong Ah, Jalan Perak, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2161 0231, Fax: 03 2161 7294 

Air Asia 
Call Centers (Reservations & bookings enquires)
Kuala Lumpur Tel: 03 7651 2222 
Penang/Northern Region Tel: 04 296 2222 

Air France 
31 Cangkat Bukit Bintang, 50200 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2142 7291, Fax: 03 2142 7345 

Air India 
14th Floor, Bangunan Angkasa Raya, 123 Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Booking: Tel: 03 2142 0166, Fax: 03 2142 5834
General: Tel: 03 2142 0323, Fax: 03 2142 5834 

Air Mauritius 
CP05, Suite 2201, 22nd Floor, Central Plaza, 34 Jalan Sultan Ismail, 50250 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2144 3099, Fax: 03 2144 0230 

Air New Zealand  (international site) 
c/o World Wide Aviation Agencies Sdn Bhd.
Suite 1303, 13th Floor, Central Plaza, 34 Jalan Sultan Ismail, 50250 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2142 1199, Fax: 03 2141 4433 

All Nippon Airways Co Ltd (international site) 
Lot GFM 007, MAS Advanced Cargo Centre, KL International Airport, 43900, Sepang
Tel: 03 8787 3001, Fax: 03 8787 3000 

Asiana Airlines  (international site) 
Lot GFM-5I, MAS Advanced Cargo Complex, KLIA Free Commercial Zone, 64000 KLIA
Tel: 03 87871969, Fax: 03 87871944

Austrian Airlines - Lauda Air Malaysia
Suite 1302, Level 13, Central Plaza, Jalan Sultan Ismail, 50250 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2148 8033, Fax: 03 2148 9033 
C-15, Mezzanine Level, Main Terminal Building, Kuala Lumpur International Airport, 64000 Sepang
Tel: 03 8776 6305, Fax: 03 8787 3251 

Berjaya Air (Scheduled & Chartered Flights)
Tel: 03 7847 6828 (Subang), 03 2145 2828 (KL), 09 419 1303 (Tioman) 

Biman Bangladesh Airlines (international site) 
S10, MTB Mezzanine Level, KL International Airport, 64000 KLIA
Tel: 03 8776 4770, Fax: 03 8787 3881 

British Airways - Qantas/British Airways Malaysia (international site) 
8th Floor (West Wing), Rohas Perkasa, 8 Jalan Perak, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2167 6006 

Cathay Pacific Airways 
Suite 22.1, Level 22, Menara IMC, Jalan Sultan Ismail, 50250 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2078 3377, Fax: 03 2072 4769 
Unit 3.05, Menara PSCI, 39 Jalan Sultan Ahmad Shah, 10050 Penang
Tel: 04 226 0411, Fax: 04 226 1332 
Lot C10-12, Level 4, Main Terminal Building, KL International Airport, 64000 KLIA
Tel: 03 8787 2808, Fax: 03 8787 2800 

China Airlines - CAL (international site) 
Ground Floor, Amoda Building, 22 Jalan Imbi, 55100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2148-9417, Fax: 03 2141 8208 
S25, Level 4, Main Terminal Building, KL International Airport, 64000 KLIA
Tel: 03 8776 6066, Fax: 03 8787 4604 

Lot 25, 1st Floor, Shangri-La Hotel Annex, UBN Tower, Jalan P Ramlee, 50250 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2072 5288, Fax: 03 2070 5188 
Lot S2, Level 4, Main Terminal Building, KL International Airport, 64000 KLIA
Tel: 03 8787 3830, Fax: 03 8787 3832 

Eva Airways Corporation (international site) 
Suite 1205, 12 Flr Pernas International Bldg (Kenanga International), Jalan Sultan Ismail, 50250 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2162 2981 Fax: 03 2161 3596 
Lot S33, Level 4, Main Terminal Building, KL International Airport, 64000 KLIA
Tel: 03 8776 6233, Fax: 03 8787 2612 

Fly Asian Xpress FAX - Domestic/rural air services in Sabah & Sarawak 
Tel: 03 8775 4000 (Call Centre) 

Garuda Indonesia Airways (international site) 
Level 3, Menara Citibank, Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2162 2811, Fax: 03 2162 4360 
S23,S24, Main Terminal Building, KL International Airport, 64000 KLIA.
Tel: 03 8787 4064, Fax: 03 8787 4068 

Indian Airlines Limited (international site) 
26 Jalan Ipoh, 51200 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 4044 3055, Fax: 03 4044 6055 

Japan Airlines 
Suite 20.3, Level 20, Menara Citibank, Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2161 1722, Fax: 03 261 8216 
Lot N14-16, Level 4, Main Terminal Building, KL International Airport, 64000 KLIA
Tel: 03 8787 1110, Fax: 03 8787 1118 

KLM Royal Dutch Airlines
Mezzanine Floor, Parkroyal Hotel, Jalan Sultan Ismail, 50250 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2711 9811, Fax: 03 2711 9881 
S37,S38, Main Terminal Building, Mezzanine Level, KL International Airport, 64000 KLIA
Tel: 03 8776 6260, Fax: 03 8787 2491

Korean Airlines (international site) 
Grd Flr, MUI Plaza, Jalan P. Ramlee, 50250 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2142 8311, Fax: 03 2141 3703 
S21,S22, Main Terminal Building, Mezzanine Level, KL International Airport, 64000 KLIA
Tel: 03 8787 3466, Fax: 03 8787 3477 

Lufthansa Malaysia 
3rd Floor, Kenanga International, Jalan Sultan Ismail, 50250 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2161 4666, Fax: 03 2161 3079 - Discount international airfares on Malaysia Airlines 

Malaysia Airlines - MAS - Malaysia Airline System Berhad
Tel: 1 300 88 3000 (Reservations within Malaysia), +603 7846 3000 (from outside Malaysia) 

Malaysia Airlines United Kingdom

Malaysia Airlines United States

Northwest Airlines 
8.01 8th floor Menara TA One, 22 Jalan P Ramlee, 50250 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2161 5901, Fax: 03 2164 4648 

Pakistan International Airlines (international site)
Ground Floor, Angkasa Raya Building, Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2142 5444, Fax: 03 2141 8627 

Philippine Airlines (international site) 
c/o Pacific World Travel.
2.5 - 2.6 Banguran Angkasa Raya, Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2141 0767, Fax: 03 2148 1357 

Royal Brunei Airlines (international site) 
2nd Floor UBN Tower, Jalan P Ramlee, 50250 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2070 6628, Fax: 03 2070 6899 

Royal Jordanian (international site) 
Lot S9, Level 4, Main Terminal Building, 64000 KLIA
Tel: 03 8776 4757, Fax: 03 8776 4755 

Singapore Airlines - SIA (international site) 
Wisma Singapore Airlines, 2/4, Jalan Dang Wangi, 50100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2692 3122, Fax: 03 2692 1128 
Level 4, Main Terminal Building, KL International Airport, 64000 KLIA
Tel: 03 8776 6425, Fax: 03 8787 4469 

Sri Lankan Airlines (international site) 
Sri Lankan Airlines, 3rd Floor, MUI Plaza, Jalan P Ramlee, 50250 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2072 2833, Fax: 03 2078 8233 
Lot 2, 4th Level, Main Terminal Building, Kuala Lumpur International Airport, 64000 Sepang
Tel: 03 8776 4582, Fax: 03 8787 3832 

Star Air 

Thai International Airways (international site) 
Lot C6, Central Zone, Level 4, Main Terminal Building, 64000 KLIA
Tel: 03 8787 3522, Fax: 03 8787 3511 

Vietnam Airlines (international site) 
Lot 146, 1/F, Wisma MPL (HLA), Jalan Raja Chulan, 50200 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2141 2416, Fax: 03 2142 2801 
Lot S2, Level 4, Main Terminal Building, 64000 KLIA.
Tel: 03 8776 4620, Fax: 03 8776 4615 

Xiamen Airlines (international site) 
15th Floor, Plaza OSK, Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2166 8222, Fax: 03 2166 8234

Malaysia Embassy (Search by A - Z)

Embassy of the Islamic State of Afghanistan 
Level 2, Wisma Chinese Chamber, 258 Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 4256 9400, Fax: 03 4256 6400 

Embassy of the Republic of Albania 
2952 Jalan Bukit Ledang, Off Jalan Duta, 50480 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2093 7808, Fax: 03 2093 7359 

Embassy of the Democratic People's Republic of Algeria 
5 Jalan Mesra, Off Jalan Damai, 55000 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2148 8159, Fax: 03 2148 8154 

Embassy of the Republic of Argentina 
3 Jalan Semantan Dua, Damansara Heights, 50490 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2095 0176, Fax: 03 2095 2706 

Australian High Commission 
6 Jalan Yap Kwan Seng, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2146 5555, 03 2146 5787 (after office hours), Fax: 03 2141 5773 

Austrian Embassy 
Suite 10.01-02, Level 10, Wisma Goldhill, 67, Jalan Raja Chulan, 50200 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2381 7160, Fax: 03 2381 7168 

High Commission for the People's Republic of Bangladesh 
Block - 1, Lorong Damai 7, Jalan Damai, 55000 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2148 7940, Fax: 03 2141 3381 

Embassy of Belgium 
Suite 10.02, 10th Floor, Menara Tan & Tan, 207 Jalan Tun Razak, 50400 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2162 0025, Fax: 03 2162 0023 

Bosnia and Herzegovina 
Embassy of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina 
854 Bellamy Road, 50460 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2144 0353, Fax: 03 2142 6025 

Embassy of the Federative Republic of Brazil 
Suite 20-01, 20th Floor, Menara Tan & Tan, 207 Jalan Tun Razak, 50400 Kuala Lumpur 
Tel: 03 2171 1420 (Gen), Tel: 03 2171 1425 (Consular), Fax: 03 2171 1428

British High Commission
185 Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2170 2200 (Main Office) , 03 2170 2345 (Consular Section), Fax: 03 2170 2360

High Commission of Brunei Darussalam
19th Floor, Menara Tan & Tan, 207 Jalan Tun Razak, 50400 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2161 2800, Fax: 03 2163 1302

Royal Embassy of the Kingdom of Cambodia
46 Jalan U-Thant, 55000 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 4257 3711, 03 4257 1157

Canadian High Commission
17th Floor, Menara Tan & Tan, 207 Jalan Tun Razak, 50400 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2718 3333, Fax: 03 2718 3376

Embassy of Chile
8th Floor, West Block, 142-C Jalan Ampang, Wisma Selangor Dredging, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2161 6203, Fax: 03 2162 2219

Embassy of the People's Republic of China
229 Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2142 8495 , Fax: 03 2141 4552

Embassy of the Republic of Colombia
19A-26-1, Level 26, UOA Centre, 19, Jalan Pinang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2164 5488, 03 2164 5489

Embassy of the Republic of Croatia
3 Jalan Mengkuang, Off Jalan Ru, Off Jalan Ampang, 55000 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 4253 5343

Embassy of the Republic of Cuba
20 Lingkungan U Thant, Off Jalan U Thant, 55000 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 4251 6808

Czech Republic
Embassy of the Czech Republic
32 Jalan Mesra, Off Jalan Damai, 55000 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2142 7185, 03 2141 3205

Royal Danish Embassy
22nd Floor, Wisma Denmark, 86, Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2032 2001, 03 2032 2004, 03 2032 2005

Embassy of the Republic of Ecuador
8th Floor, West Block, Wisma Selangor Dredging, 142-C Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2163 5078, 03 2163 5094

Embassy of the Arab Republic of Egypt
28 Lingkungan U Thant, Off Jalan U Thant, 55000 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 4256 8184, 03 4256 8745

High Commission of the Republic of the Fiji Islands
Level 2, Menara Chan, 138 Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2732 3335, 03 2732 1937, 03 2732 1939

Embassy of Finland
5th Floor, Wisma Chinese Chambers, 258, Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 4257 7746, 03 4257 7332, 03 4257 5880

Embassy of the Republic of France
196 Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2053 5500, Fax: 03 2053 5501

Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany - Deutsche Botschaft
26th Floor, Menara Tan&Tan, 207 Jalan Tun Razak, 50400 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2170 9666, 012 326 9070 (Emergencies), Fax: 03 2161 9800

High Commission of the Republic of Ghana
14 Ampang Hilir, Off Jalan Ampang, 55000 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 4252 6995, 03 4257 9703

Embassy of the Republic of Guinea
5 Jalan Kedondong, Off Jalan Ampang Hilir, 55000 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 4257 6500, 4252 6501, 4252 6502

Embassy of the Republic of Hungary
Menara Tan & Tan, 10th Floor, Suite 10-04, 207 Jalan Tun Razak, 50400 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2163 7914, Fax: 03 2163 7918

Indian High Commission
2 Jalan Taman Duta, Off Jalan Duta, 50480 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2093 3504, Fax: 03 2093 3507

Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia
233 Jalan Tun Razak, 50400 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 242 1354, 03 242 1151, 03 241 5228

Embassy of the Islamic Republic of Iran
1 Lorong U Thant Satu, Off Jalan U Thant, 55000 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 4251 4824, 03 4251 4830 (Visa Section)

Embassy of the Republic of Iraq
2 Jalan Langgak Golf, Off Jalan Tun Razak, 55000 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2148 0555, 03 2148 0650, 03 2148 0721

Embassy of Ireland
Ireland House, The Amp Walk, 218 Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2161 2693

Embassy of the Republic of Italy
99 Jalan U Thant, 55000 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 4256 5122 , 03 4256 5228, 03 4256 4371

Embassy of Japan
11 Persiaran Stonor, Off Jalan Tun Razak, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2142 7044, 03 2167 2314

Embassy of Jordan
2 Jalan Kedondong, Off Jalan Ampang Hilir, 55000 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 4252 1268, 03-4252 8549

Embassy of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Suite 6.07, 6th Floor, North Block, The Ampang Walk, 218, Jln. Ampang, 50540 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2166 4144, 03 2166 7872

High Commission of Kenya
7A Gerbang Ampang Hilir, 55000 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 4257 2431

Korea, North
Embassy of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
4 Persiaran Madge, Off Jalan U Thant, 55000 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 4256 9913 Fax: 03 4256 9933

Korea, South
Embassy of the Republic of Korea
9 & 11 Jalan Nipah, Off Jalan Ampang, 55000 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 4251 2336, Fax: 03 4252-1425

Embassy of the State of Kuwait
229 Jalan Tun Razak, 50400 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2141 0033

Embassy of the Republic of Kyrgyz
1 Lorong Damai 10, 55000 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2164 9862, 03 263 2012

Embassy of the Lao People's Democratic Republic
12A Pesiaran Madge, Off Jalan Ampang Hilir, 55000 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 4251 1118

The People's Bureau of the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
6 Jalan Madge, Off Jalan U Thant, 55000 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2141 1035, 03 2141 1158

Embassy of the Grand-Douchy of Luxembourg
Suite 16.03, 16th Floor, Menara Keck Seng, 203, Jalan Bukit Bintang, 55100 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2143 3134

High Commission of Mauritius
14th Floor, Bangunan Angkasa Raya, Jalan Ampang
50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2141 1870, 03 2141 1126

Embassy of Mexico
Menara Tan & Tan , 22nd Floor, 207 Jalan Tun Razak, 50400 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2164 6362

Embassy of the Kingdom of Morocco
7th Floor, East Block, Wisma Selangor Dredging, 142-B Jalan Ampang, 50450 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 2161 0701, 03 2161 0705

Embassy of the Union of Myanmar
10 Jalan Mengkuang, Off Jalan Ru, 55000 Kuala Lumpur
Tel: 03 4256 0280, 03 4257 0680

High Commission of Namibia
11 Jalan Mesra, Off Jalan Damai, 55000 Kuala Lumpur